Lesson 5

Defining Equivalent Ratios

Let’s investigate equivalent ratios some more.

5.1: Dots and Half Dots

Dot Pattern 1:

Request a tactile. An image of dots arranged in groups. There are 6 groups of 9 dots arranged in a 3 by 3 square pattern.

Dot Pattern 2:

Request a tactile. An image of half-dots arranged in columns and rows. There are 6 columns of 7 half-dots.

 

5.2: Tuna Casserole

Here is a recipe for tuna casserole.


Ingredients

  • 3 cups cooked elbow-shaped pasta
  • 6 ounce can tuna, drained
  • 10 ounce can cream of chicken soup
  • 1 cup shredded cheddar cheese
  • \(1 \frac12\) cups French fried onions
A photo of sausage egg casserole.

Instructions

Combine the pasta, tuna, soup, and half of the cheese. Transfer into a 9 inch by 18 inch baking dish. Put the remaining cheese on top. Bake 30 minutes at 350 degrees. During the last 5 minutes, add the French fried onions. Let sit for 10 minutes before serving.


  1. What is the ratio of the ounces of soup to the cups of shredded cheese to the cups of pasta in one batch of casserole?
  2. How much of each of these 3 ingredients would be needed to make:
    1. twice the amount of casserole?
    2. half the amount of casserole?
    3. five times the amount of casserole?
    4. one-fifth the amount of casserole?
  3. What is the ratio of cups of pasta to ounces of tuna in one batch of casserole?
  4. How many batches of casserole would you make if you used the following amounts of ingredients?

    1. 9 cups of pasta and 18 ounces of tuna?
    2. 36 ounces of tuna and 18 cups of pasta?
    3. 1 cup of pasta and 2 ounces of tuna?


The recipe says to use a 9 inch by 18 inch baking dish. Determine the length and width of a baking dish with the same height that could hold:

  1. Twice the amount of casserole
  2. Half the amount of casserole
  3. Five times the amount of casserole
  4. One-fifth the amount of casserole

5.3: What Are Equivalent Ratios?

The ratios \(5:3\) and \(10:6\) are equivalent ratios.

  1. Is the ratio \(15:12\) equivalent to these? Explain your reasoning.
  2. Is the ratio \(30:18\) equivalent to these? Explain your reasoning.
  3. Give two more examples of ratios that are equivalent to \(5:3\).
  4. How do you know when ratios are equivalent and when they are not equivalent?
  5. Write a definition of equivalent ratios.

    Pause here so your teacher can review your work and assign you a ratio to use for your visual display.

  6. Create a visual display that includes:

    • the title “Equivalent Ratios”
    • your best definition of equivalent ratios
    • the ratio your teacher assigned to you
    • at least two examples of ratios that are equivalent to your assigned ratio
    • an explanation of how you know these examples are equivalent
    • at least one example of a ratio that is not equivalent to your assigned ratio
    • an explanation of how you know this example is not equivalent

    Be prepared to share your display with the class.

Summary

All ratios that are equivalent to \(a:b\) can be made by multiplying both \(a\) and \(b\) by the same number.

For example, the ratio \(18:12\) is equivalent to \(9:6\) because both 9 and 6 are multiplied by the same number: 2.

Diagram of two stacked ratios. At top, 9:6. At bottom, 18:12. In between, 2 downward arrows each labeled times 2. 

\(3:2\) is also equivalent to \(9:6\), because both 9 and 6 are multiplied by the same number: \(\frac13\).

Equivalent ratio diagram

Is \(18:15\) equivalent to \(9:6\)?

No, because 18 is \(9 \boldcdot 2\), but 15 is not \(6 \boldcdot 2\).

Ratio diagram

Glossary Entries

  • equivalent ratios

    Two ratios are equivalent if you can multiply each of the numbers in the first ratio by the same factor to get the numbers in the second ratio. For example, \(8:6\) is equivalent to \(4:3\), because \(8\boldcdot\frac12 = 4\) and \(6\boldcdot\frac12 = 3\).

    A recipe for lemonade says to use 8 cups of water and 6 lemons. If we use 4 cups of water and 3 lemons, it will make half as much lemonade. Both recipes taste the same, because  and  are equivalent ratios.

    cups of water number of lemons
    8 6
    4 3