# Lesson 3

Separemos los cubos

## Warm-up: Observa y pregúntate: Torres de cubos encajables (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this warm-up is to elicit the idea that quantities can be broken apart in different ways, which will be useful when students decompose connecting cube towers in multiple ways in a later activity. While students may notice and wonder many things about these images, the total number of cubes remaining the same while the size of the two parts changes is the important discussion point.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the image or use connecting cubes.
• “¿Qué observan? ¿Qué se preguntan?” // “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• “Discutan con su compañero lo que pensaron” // “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

¿Qué observas?
¿Qué te preguntas?

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿Qué tienen en común estos grupos de cubos?” // “What is the same about each set of cubes?” (They each have 6 connecting cubes.)

## Activity 1: Conozcamos “Qué hay a mis espaldas: Muestra 2 partes” (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to learn stage 1 of the What’s Behind My Back center. Students find multiple decompositions of a number. Students snap a tower of connecting cubes into 2 parts and record each decomposition with a drawing and an expression. It may be helpful to give each group of students a single color of connecting cubes so the color of the cubes doesn’t distract students from identifying the two parts. In future stages of this center students hide cubes behind their back after snapping a tower. If needed, you can choose not to use the name What’s Behind My Back when playing this stage or let students know they will do that in future stages of this center.

The recording sheet is printed in the student book for this activity. There is a blackline master available for students to use during centers in future activities and lessons.

When students write an expression to match the connecting cubes, they reason abstractly and quantitatively (MP2).

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Display and read aloud the following sentence frame to support small-group discussion: “Tú separaste tu torre en un grupo de ____ y un grupo de ____” //  “You broke your tower into a group of ____ and a group of ____.” invite students to chorally repeat this sentence in unison 1–2 times.
Advances: Speaking, Conversing, Representing

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

• What's Behind My Back Stage 1 Recording Sheet, Spanish

### Required Preparation

• Each group of 2 needs 8 connecting cubes of the same color.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group of students at least 8 connecting cubes and access to 2 different color crayons.
• “Vamos a conocer un centro nuevo llamado ‘Qué hay a mis espaldas’” // “We are going to learn a center called What’s Behind My Back?”
• Display a cube tower with 8 cubes.
• “Empiecen con una torre de 8 cubos. Un compañero separa la torre en 2 partes” // “Start with a tower of 8 cubes. One partner breaks the tower into 2 parts.”
• Demonstrate breaking the tower into 2 parts.
• “El otro compañero describe qué pasó con la torre. Cuéntenle a su compañero lo que le pasó a mi torre” // “The other partner describes what happened to the tower. Tell your partner what happened to my tower.” (You broke your tower into a group of 5 and a group of 3.)
• 30 seconds: partner discussion
• Share responses.
• “Los dos compañeros muestran las dos partes con un dibujo y también con una expresión” // “Both partners record the two parts with a drawing and an expression.”
• Demonstrate completing the recording sheet with a drawing and an expression.
• “Después, armen su torre de nuevo y jueguen otra vez. Por turnos, separen la torre de 8 cubos en 2 partes” // “Then put your tower back together, and play again. Take turns snapping the tower of 8 cubes into 2 parts.”

### Activity

• 5 minutes: partner work time

### Student Facing

8 cubos

 expresión: _________________________ expresión: _________________________ expresión: _________________________ expresión: _________________________

8 cubos

 expresión: _________________________ expresión: _________________________ expresión: _________________________ expresión: _________________________ expresión: _________________________

### Advancing Student Thinking

If students snap the cubes the same way each time, consider asking:

• “¿Hay otras maneras en las que puedas separar la torre en 2 partes?” // “Are there any other ways that you can snap the tower into 2 parts?”
• “¿Qué pasa si separas solo 1 cubo de la torre?” // “What if you snapped only 1 cube off of the tower?”

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿De qué se dieron cuenta cada vez que separaron la torre?” // “What did you notice each time you snapped the tower?” (There were always 8 cubes. The 2 parts that we broke the tower into were different each time.)
• “¿Cuáles fueron las diferentes maneras en las que ustedes y sus parejas separaron la torre de 8 cubos en 2 partes?” // “What are the different ways that you and your partner found to break the tower of 8 cubes into 2 parts?”
• Display a tower of 2 and a tower of 6.
• “¿Qué expresión podemos escribir para representar las 2 partes de esta torre?” // “What expression can we write to represent the 2 parts of this tower?” ($$2 + 6$$)

## Activity 2: Más de una manera (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to decompose numbers in more than one way. This is the first time that students begin with written numbers rather than a group of objects. Students may use objects such as connecting cubes to represent each number and find different ways to decompose the number into two parts.

Action and Expression: Internalize Executive Functions. Check for understanding by inviting students to rephrase directions in their own words.
Supports accessibility for: Memory, Organization

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group of students access to connecting cubes, pattern blocks, and two-color counters.
• “En actividades anteriores, hemos usado herramientas matemáticas como cubos encajables y fichas geométricas para mostrar diferentes maneras de separar números en 2 partes. Usen sus cubos encajables para mostrar una manera de separar el 5 en 2 partes” // “In previous activities, we have used math tools like connecting cubes and pattern blocks to show different ways to break apart numbers into 2 parts. Use your connecting cubes to show one way to break apart 5 into 2 parts.”
• 1 minute: independent work time
• “Ahora usen los cubos encajables para mostrar una manera diferente de separar el 5 en 2 partes” // “Now use the connecting cubes to show a different way to break apart 5 into 2 parts.”
• 1 minute: independent work time
• “Muestren más de 1 manera de separar cada número en 2 partes. Muestren cómo pensaron. Usen objetos, dibujos, números o palabras” // “Show more than 1 way to break apart each number into 2 parts. Show your thinking using objects, drawings, numbers, or words.”

### Activity

• 4 minutes: independent work time
• “Compartan con su compañero. ¿Los dos mostraron las mismas maneras de separar cada número?” // “Share your work with your partner. Did you both show the same ways to break apart each number?”
• 2 minutes: partner discussion

 4 9 6

 7 5 8

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿Qué herramientas usaron para encontrar varias maneras de separar números en dos partes? ¿Cómo les ayudó cada herramienta?” // “Which tool(s) did you use to help you find different ways to break apart numbers into two parts? How did each tool help you?”

## Activity 3: Centros: Momento de escoger (20 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to choose from activities that offer practice with addition and subtraction.

Students choose from any stage of previously introduced centers.

• What’s Behind My Back?
• Check It Off
• Find the Value of Expressions
• Bingo
• Shake and Spill

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Required Preparation

• Gather materials from:
• What’s Behind My Back?, Stage 1
• Check It Off, Stage 1
• Find the Value of Expressions, Stage 1
• Bingo, Stages 1–3
• Shake and Spill, Stages 1–3

### Launch

• “Hoy vamos a escoger centros de los que ya conocemos // “Today we are going to choose from centers we have already learned.”
• Display the center choices in the student book.
• “Piensen qué les gustaría hacer primero” // “Think about what you would like to do first.”
• 30 seconds: quiet think time

### Activity

• Invite students to work at the center of their choice.
• 8 minutes: center work time
• “Escojan qué les gustaría hacer ahora // “Choose what you would like to do next.”
• 8 minutes: center work time

### Student Facing

Escoge un centro.

¿Qué hay a mis espaldas?

Márcalo

Bingo

Encuentra el valor de
expresiones

Revuelve y saca

### Activity Synthesis

• “Díganle a su pareja una cosa que hayan observado sobre cómo trabajaron hoy en los centros” // “Tell your partner one thing you noticed about how they worked in centers today.”

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

Display a tower of 7 connecting cubes or draw an image of one:

“Jada armó una torre con 7 cubos encajables. Mencionen 2 maneras en las que pudo separar la torre en 2 partes. ¿Cómo lo saben?” // “Jada made a tower with 7 connecting cubes. What are 2 ways that she could break the tower into 2 parts? How do you know?” (Sample response: She can break off 2 cubes. Then she would have 2 cubes and 5 cubes.)

Share and record responses. Record each student’s decomposition with an expression.

## Student Section Summary

### Student Facing

En esta sección, usamos objetos para formar y separar números de diferentes maneras.

Hay 8 fichas geométricas.
Hay 2 trapecios rojos y 6 triángulos verdes.

Hay 8 fichas geométricas.
Hay 3 triángulos verdes y 5 trapecios rojos.

Escribimos expresiones para mostrar diferentes maneras de formar y separar números.

Hay 6 cubos encajables.
6 es $$4 + 2$$.

Hay 6 cubos encajables.
6 es $$1 + 5$$.