Lesson 22
Story Problems and Equations (optional)
Warmup: Notice and Wonder: Equations (10 minutes)
Narrative
Launch
 Groups of 2
 Display the image.
 “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
 1 minute: quiet think time
Activity
 “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
 1 minute: partner discussion
 Share and record responses.
Student Facing
What do you notice?
What do you wonder?
\(4+5=9\)
\(4+\boxed{\phantom{3}}=9\)
\(\boxed{\phantom{3}}+\boxed{\phantom{3}}=9\)
Student Response
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Activity Synthesis
 “What goes in the boxes to make these equations true?”
 “What story might these equations match?”
Activity 1: Revisit Data (20 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this activity is for students to write equations to represent the data they collected in Unit 1. Students can write any equation that makes sense to them.
This activity is intended to follow the last lesson of Unit 1. If that lesson was not completed, students can use sample data from the blackline master to complete this task.
When students use realworld data that they collect and determine ways of fitting their data into an existing mathematical model—puttogether problems with unknowns in various positions—they model with mathematics (MP4).
To make this activity more challenging, students can share only their equation. Then their partner looks at the data and determines what story the writer intended to represent.
Required Materials
Required Preparation
 Gather survey data from the last lesson in the previous unit, Animals in the Jungle.
Launch
 Groups of 2
 Give each group the data or posters from the previous unit or the sample data from the blackline master.
 “Take a look at the work you did a few weeks ago. Review what you investigated and what you discovered.”
 1 minute: quiet think time
 “Discuss with a partner.”
 2 minutes: partner discussion
Activity
 Read the task statement.
 5 minutes: independent work time
 “Take turns telling your partner a story problem that matches the equations you wrote.”
 5 minutes: partner discussion
Student Facing
Student Response
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Activity Synthesis
 “What did you notice about making up a story problem for your equation? Were some easier than others? Why were they easier?”
Activity 2: Questions and Answers (20 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this activity is for students to use their data to generate questions and represent the answer using an equation. Then students take turns asking and answering each other’s questions.
Supports accessibility for: Memory, Organization
Required Materials
Materials to Gather
Required Preparation
Launch
 Groups of 2
 “We’re going to use our data again. This time we will create how many more and how many fewer questions about your data that you will ask your classmates to answer.”
 Read the task statement.
 “Use the categories in your survey data to complete the questions. You do not need to answer the questions."
 3 minutes: independent work time
Activity
 "Take turns asking and answering questions with your partner. After asking your question, let your partner show their work in your book."
 10 minutes: partner work time
Student Facing

How many more students liked________________________________
than liked _______________________________?
Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.
Equation: ________________________________

How many fewer students liked ________________________________
than liked _______________________________?
Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.
Equation: ________________________________

Write another story problem you could ask about your data.
Equation: ________________________________
Student Response
Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Student Response.
Activity Synthesis
 "Clare asked, 'How many more students like pizza than burgers?' Her partner said six more people like pizza than burgers and wrote \(10  4 = 6\)."
 “How could we turn this ‘more than’ question into a ‘fewer than’ question? Does this change the equation you would write? Why or why not?"
Lesson Synthesis
Lesson Synthesis
“Today we looked at our survey results from Unit 1 again, and wrote different equations to answer questions about our data. That is an important thing that mathematicians and scientists do. When they learn new tools for investigating, they often go back to something they studied in the past to try to learn more from it.”
“What new thing did you learn from this data that you had not realized the first time?”