# Lesson 11

Make Them the Same

## Warm-up: Notice and Wonder: Cube Towers (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this warm-up is to elicit the idea that quantities can be compared, which will be useful when students compare connecting cube towers in order to make them have the same number of cubes, in a later activity. While students may notice and wonder many things about this image, comparing the quantity of cubes in each tower is the important discussion point. When students use the language “Jada has less cubes than Diego”, the teacher should revoice using the grammatically correct language “fewer” to support students with developing precise language (MP6).

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the image.
• “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.
• Revoice and emphasize “more than” and “fewer than.”

### Student Facing

What do you notice?
What do you wonder?

### Activity Synthesis

• “We will use connecting cube towers and think about how to make them have the same number of cubes.”

## Activity 1: Cube Towers (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to find ways to make two quantities the same. Students may use connecting cubes to represent and solve the problems, if they choose. Students are more likely to add cubes to make the towers have an equal number of cubes, but some students may take cubes away. Students record how they solved each problem in a way that makes sense to them. During the synthesis, the teacher records equations that match the way students solved the problem to build on work in previous sections.

### Required Preparation

• Create a tower of 9 blue connecting cubes and a tower of 5 red connecting cubes.
• Each group of 2 needs 4 towers of 10 connecting cubes.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group four towers of ten connecting cubes.
• Display a tower of nine blue connecting cubes and a tower of five red connecting cubes, or the image in the student book.
• “Diego and Jada are building connecting cube towers. How can Diego and Jada make their towers have the same number of cubes? Remember, you are not sharing the answer with your partner; you are sharing your method for solving the problem.” (They can add some cubes to the red tower or take some off the blue tower.)
• 1 minute: quiet think time
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share responses.

### Activity

• “You are going to record your thinking for this problem and solve two more problems about making Diego and Jada’s connecting cube towers have the same number of cubes. You may use the connecting cubes to help if you choose.”
• 5 minutes: independent work time
• Monitor for students who have clear representations for problem 3 showing:
• adding cubes to Diego’s tower
• counting up the difference between Diego’s tower to Jada’s tower
• taking cubes from Jada’s tower
• counting back the difference between Jada’s tower to Diego’s tower

### Student Facing

How can Diego and Jada make their towers have the same number of cubes?
Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.

1.
2.
3.

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite previously identified students to share.
• “What do you notice about all these methods?” (They all got the same answer, even if they added cubes or took cubes off.)
• “What equation would you write to match the story problem? How does your equation show how you solved the story problem?” ($$3 + 7 = 10$$, because I added 7 cubes onto Diego’s tower to make them the same. $$10 - 3 = 7$$, because I broke off from Jada’s tower and counted what I broke off.)

## Activity 2: Cube Tower Problems (20 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to solve Compare, Difference Unknown story problems in the context of connecting cube towers. Students solve comparison problems with given constraints that encourage students to add or break apart cubes to make towers with the same number of cubes. As students explain their thinking during the synthesis, record both addition and subtraction equations. When students answer the question, "How do you know?" they are beginning to explain their reasoning and construct viable arguments (MP3).

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Invite students to take turns sharing their responses. Ask students to restate what they heard using precise mathematical language and their own words. Display the sentence frame: “I heard you say . . . .” Original speakers can agree or clarify for their partner.
Engagement: Provide Access by Recruiting Interest. Provide choice and autonomy. In addition to connecting cubes, provide access to red, yellow, and blue crayons or colored pencils they can use to represent and solve the story problems.
Supports accessibility for: Visual-Spatial Processing, Conceptual Processing

### Required Preparation

• Gather 1 red tower of 8 connecting cubes, 1 yellow tower of 3 connecting cubes, and a handful of yellow cubes.
• Each group of 2 needs 4 towers of 10 connecting cubes.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group four towers of ten connecting cubes.
• Display one red tower of eight connecting cubes, one yellow tower of three connecting cubes, and the handful of yellow connecting cubes.
• “I have two towers and I need to make them the same number of cubes. But I only have these yellow cubes. How can I make them the same?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Activity

• “Lin is working to make the number of cubes in each of her towers the same. Each problem will tell you what cubes she has to work with. Record your thinking for each tower.”
• 8 minutes: independent work time
• 4 minutes: partner discussion
• Monitor for a student who solved the problem with 7 yellow cubes and 3 red cubes by adding 4 red cubes or drawing 4 more red cubes.

### Student Facing

1.

Lin has only blue cubes.
How can Lin make the towers have the same number of cubes?
Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.

2.

Lin has no more yellow cubes.
How can she make the towers have the same number of cubes?
Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.

3. Lin is making 2 cube towers.
The red tower has 6 cubes.
The blue tower has 9 cubes.
She has no more red cubes.
How can she make the towers have the same number of cubes?
Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.

4. Lin is making 2 cube towers.
The yellow tower has 7 cubes.
The red tower has 3 cubes.
She only has red cubes.
How can she make the towers have the same number of cubes?
Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.

If you have time: Write your own problem about 2 cube towers.

Trade problems with a partner and solve.

### Activity Synthesis

• Display selected student work.
• “How did they solve the problem?” (She added 4 red cubes.)
• “What equation matches how they solved? How do you know?” ($$3 + 4 = 7$$ because Lin started with 3 red cubes and she added 4 cubes to make it the same.)
• “Which number in the equation represents the answer to the problem?” (4 because that is how many cubes Lin added.)
• Put a box around the 4.

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

Display one red tower of eight connecting cubes, one yellow tower of three connecting cubes, and a handful of yellow connecting cubes.

“Today we made towers have the same number of cubes by adding more cubes to the smaller tower or taking cubes from the larger tower. How does adding more cubes relate to addition?” (I can add cubes to the tower with fewer cubes to make them the same.)