Lesson 8

Shake, Spill, and Cover

Lesson Purpose

The purpose of this lesson is for students to solve and represent Put Together/Take Apart, Addend Unknown story problems. 

Lesson Narrative

Students solve in any way that makes sense to them and write equations to match the problems. This work builds on the work students did with other types of Put Together/Take Apart problems in previous lessons. They extend the familiar game, Shake and Spill. As students play the game in this lesson, they know the total and the number of red counters and need to figure out the number of yellow counters. Students write equations to match the context and explain how the equation relates to the problem. The focus in this lesson is on missing addend addition equations, but students may solve or represent the problems using subtraction. Subtraction equations should be accepted and will be the focus of lessons in the next section. When students recognize that a number in an equation represents a specific quantity they reason abstractly and quantitatively (MP2).
  • Action and Expression
  • MLR8

Learning Goals

Teacher Facing

  • Relate different equations to the same story problem.
  • Solve Put Together/Take Apart, Addend Unknown story problems in a way that makes sense to them.

Student Facing

  • Let’s solve a new kind of story problem.

Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

  • Shake and Spill Stage 4 and 5 Recording Sheet (G1 and 2)

Required Preparation

Activity 1:

  • Each group of 2 needs 10 two-color counters and a cup (at least 8 oz).

CCSS Standards


Building Towards

Lesson Timeline

Warm-up 10 min
Activity 1 20 min
Activity 2 15 min
Lesson Synthesis 10 min
Cool-down 5 min

Teacher Reflection Questions

Are students trying new methods when they hear others during the discussion? How can you encourage students to try new methods?

Print Formatted Materials

Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Cool Down, Teacher Guide, and PowerPoint materials.

Student Task Statements pdf docx
Lesson Cover Page pdf docx
Cool Down Log In
Teacher Guide Log In
Teacher Presentation Materials pdf docx
Blackline Masters zip

Additional Resources

Google Slides Log In
PowerPoint Slides Log In