Lesson 8

Ten as a Unit

Lesson Purpose

The purpose of this lesson is for students to understand that 10 ones make a unit called a ten. Students compose and decompose teen numbers with a ten and some ones.

Lesson Narrative

In this lesson, students build on their work from kindergarten where they composed and decomposed teen numbers with ten ones and some more ones. They learn that 10 ones is equivalent to a unit called a ten. In the first activity students count a collection of 16 objects and represent their count. In the second activity, students compose teen numbers with a ten and some ones. This lays the groundwork for a later unit in which students compose and decompose 2-digit numbers into tens and ones.

  • Representation
  • MLR7

Learning Goals

Teacher Facing

  • Compose and decompose teen numbers into 1 ten and some number of ones.
  • Understand 10 ones as a unit called a ten.

Student Facing

  • Let's explore teen numbers.

Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

  • Counting Collections Stages 1 and 2 Recording Sheet

Required Preparation

Activity 1:

  • Each group of 2 needs a bag of 16 single connecting cubes.

CCSS Standards

Building On


Building Towards

Lesson Timeline

Warm-up 10 min
Activity 1 20 min
Activity 2 15 min
Lesson Synthesis 10 min
Cool-down 5 min

Teacher Reflection Questions

Which students had opportunities to share their representations and thinking during whole-class discussion? How did you select these students?

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