Lesson 5

Percent Increase and Decrease with Equations

Lesson Narrative

In this lesson, students represent situations involving percent increase and percent decrease using equations. They write equations like \(y = 1.06x\) to represent growth of a bank account, and use the equation to answer questions about different starting amounts. They write equations like \(t - 0.25t = 12\) or \(0.75t=12\) to represent the initial price \(t\) of a T-shirt that was \$12 after a 25% discount. The focus of this unit is writing equations and understanding their connection to the context. In a later unit on solving equations the focus will be more on using equations to solve problems about percent increase and percent decrease.

When students repeatedly apply a percent increase to a quantity and see that this operation be expressed generally by an equation, they engage in MP8.

Learning Goals

Teacher Facing

  • Explain (orally and in writing) how to calculate the original amount given the new amount and a percentage of increase or decrease.
  • Generate algebraic expressions that represent a situation involving percent increase or decrease, and justify (orally) the reasoning.

Student Facing

Let’s use equations to represent increases and decreases.

Learning Targets

Student Facing

  • I can solve percent increase and decrease problems by writing an equation to represent the situation and solving it.

CCSS Standards

Building On


Building Towards

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