# Lesson 13

Solve Take From Story Problems

## Warm-up: Number Talk: Add 2 Two-digit Numbers (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this Number Talk is to elicit strategies and understandings students have for adding 2 two-digit numbers. When students add ones and ones and tens and tens and describe how they compose a new ten, they look for and make sense of the base-ten structure of numbers (MP7).

### Launch

• Display one expression.
• “Give me a signal when you have an answer and can explain how you got it.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• Record answers and strategies.
• Keep expressions and work displayed.
• Repeat with each expression.

### Student Facing

Find the value of each expression mentally.

• $$15 + 10$$
• $$15 + 15$$
• $$25 + 25$$
• $$25 + 28$$

### Student Response

Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Student Response.

### Activity Synthesis

• “How did knowing $$15 + 15$$ help you solve $$25 + 25$$?” (I already knew $$15 + 15$$ was 30. Then I added the 20 more to 30 since each 25 is 10 more than 15.)
• “How did knowing $$25 + 25$$ help you solve $$25 + 28$$?” (I knew $$25 + 25$$ is 50, and 28 is 3 more than 25, so $$50 + 3 = 53$$.)

## Activity 1: How Many to Start? (20 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to make sense of and solve a new type of story problem, Take From, Start Unknown, using the Three Reads routine. As students discuss, represent, and solve the problem, they see that even though the actions in the story can be represented with subtraction, they solve it using addition. The Three Reads routine encourages students to make sense of the quantities in the story and their relationship before mapping out a strategy to solve the problem (MP2).

This activity uses MLR6 Three Reads. Advances: Reading, Listening, Representing.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give students access to connecting cubes in towers of 10 and singles.
• “There are many different arts and crafts that people enjoy doing. Making friendship bracelets, like the ones in the stories we solved, is one craft that lots of students like. What arts and crafts do you like? What arts and crafts do you know that other people enjoy?” (painting, knitting, scrapbooking)
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• Share responses.
• “We are going to continue to solve problems about crafts that people enjoy.”

MLR6 Three Reads

• Display only the problem stem, without revealing the question.
• “We are going to read this problem three times.”
• 1st Read: “Elena bought a bag of beads to make bracelets. She takes out 9 beads to make a bracelet. There are 11 beads left in the bag.”
• “What is this story about?”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Listen for and clarify any questions about the context.
• 2nd Read: “Elena bought a bag of beads to make bracelets. She takes out 9 beads to make a bracelet. There are 11 beads left in the bag.”
• “What can be counted?” (number of beads she took out, number of beads are left in the bag, number of beads there are altogether).
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record all quantities.
• 3rd Read: Read the entire problem, including the question, aloud.
• “What are different ways we can solve this problem?” (use connecting cubes to show the beads, draw a picture, write an equation using a fact we know)
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• 1–2 minutes: partner discussion

### Activity

• “Work with your partner to represent and solve the problem. Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.”
• 5 minutes: partner work time
• Monitor for students who:
• use cubes to show 9 beads out of the bag and 11 beads in the bag
• draw bag and write 11 in it, write or draw 9 next to it
• write $$9 + 11 = 20$$

### Student Facing

Elena bought a bag of beads to make bracelets.
She takes out 9 beads to make a bracelet.
There are 11 beads left in the bag.
How many beads were in the bag when Elena bought it?
Solve the story problem.
Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.

### Student Response

Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Student Response.

### Advancing Student Thinking

If students subtract 9 beads from 11 beads, consider asking:
• “What is happening in the story?”
• “What does the story problem ask you to find? Do you think there could have been 2 beads in the bag to start? Why or why not?”
• “How could you use connecting cubes or drawings to act out the story?”

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite previously identified students to share in the sequence above.
• Record student thinking with drawings and equations.
• “How are these methods the same?” (They all added 11 and 9.)

## Activity 2: One Representation, Three Stories (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to make sense of Take From story problems with unknowns in different positions. Students analyze one drawing and describe how it matches each story problem (MP2). As students describe how the drawing matches each problem, the teacher labels the drawing and includes a question mark for the unknown in the story. This allows students to see that although the same drawing represents three different problems, the unknown number is not in the same place in the drawing. They understand that the drawing is used differently to solve each problem.

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Prior to discussing how the drawing shows each story problem, invite students to make sense of the task and take turns sharing their understanding with their partner. Listen for and clarify any questions about the directions.
Advances: Reading, Representing
Engagement: Provide Access by Recruiting Interest. Provide choice and autonomy. Provide access to connecting cubes, colored pencils, or highlighters that students can use to match the story problems to the corresponding equations.
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Processing, Organization

### Required Preparation

• Create a poster of the unlabeled diagram shown three times:

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give students access to connecting cubes.

### Activity

• Read the task statement.
• 5 minutes: partner discussion
• Monitor for students who can explain how the diagram matches each story.

### Student Facing

1. Discuss with your partner how the drawing shows each problem.
1. Elena has 15 beads in a box.
She uses 5 of them to make a bracelet.
How many beads does Elena have left?

2. Elena has some beads in a box.
She uses 5 of them to make a bracelet.
She has 10 beads left.
How many beads were in Elena’s box?

3. Elena has 15 beads in a box.
She uses some of them to make a bracelet.
She has 10 beads left.
How many beads did Elena use to make a bracelet?

### Student Response

Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Student Response.

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite previously identified students to share.
• Record student explanations by labeling each diagram with the known quantities and a question mark for the unknown.
• Record an equation with a question mark for the unknown to match student explanations.
• “How are these stories and their representations the same? How are they different?” (They’re all about beads. Each drawing shows 15 boxes for the beads and 5 of them are shaded. The question mark is in different places. It means the total amount before any were taken away in one story, the amount that was taken away in another story, and the amount that was left in another story.)

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

Display the story about the bag of beads Elena bought.

“Today we solved Take From problems and saw that one drawing could represent different stories. Make a drawing to match this story.”

Invite students to share their drawings and explain how they match the story.

## Cool-down: Clare's Beads (5 minutes)

### Cool-Down

Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Cool-Downs.