# Lesson 7

## Warm-up: Number Talk: Subtract Two-Digit Numbers (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this Number Talk is to elicit strategies and understandings students have for subtracting numbers within 1,000. These understandings help students develop fluency and will be helpful as students relate subtraction algorithms to strategies they have used to subtract within 1,000.

### Launch

• Display one expression.
• “Give me a signal when you have an answer and can explain how you got it.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• Keep expressions and work displayed.
• Repeat with each expression.

### Student Facing

Find the value of each expression mentally.

• $$50 - 10$$
• $$58 - 10$$
• $$258 - 20$$
• $$258 - 24$$

### Activity Synthesis

• “How was place value helpful as you subtracted these numbers?” (When we were subtracting 10, only the tens place changed. For the last expression we were able to subtract the tens, then the ones.)
• “Who can restate _____'s reasoning in a different way?”
• “Did anyone have the same strategy but would explain it differently?”
• “Did anyone approach the problem in a different way?”
• “Does anyone want to add on to _____’s strategy?”

## Activity 1: Strategies to Subtract (25 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to subtract numbers within 1,000 using any strategy that makes sense to them to find the difference of two numbers within 1,000. The expressions in this activity give students a chance to use different strategies, such as subtracting hundreds from hundreds, tens from tens, and ones from ones, or adding up. Students may also use a variety of representations, which will be the focus of the activity synthesis. Students who choose to use base-ten blocks or number lines to represent their thinking use tools strategically (MP5).

This activity uses MLR7 Compare and Connect.

Representation: Develop Language and Symbols. Synthesis: Invite students to explain their thinking orally instead of through a visual display.
Supports accessibility for: Social-Emotional Functioning and Fine Motor Skills

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• “Take a minute to think about how you could subtract these numbers.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time
• Share responses.

### Activity

• “Work with your partner to subtract these numbers in any way that makes sense to you. Explain or show your reasoning.”
• 5–7 minutes: partner work time
• Monitor for an expression for which students use a variety of representations, such as:
• using base-ten blocks
• drawing a number line
• writing their reasoning in words
• writing equations
• During the synthesis, students will create a visual display that shows how they found the value of the selected expression.
• Give each group tools for creating a visual display.

### Student Facing

Find the value of each difference in any way that makes sense to you. Explain or show your reasoning.

1. $$428 - 213$$
2. $$505 - 398$$
3. $$394 - 127$$

### Activity Synthesis

MLR7 Compare and Connect

• “Create a visual display that shows how you found the value of ______. You may want to include details such as notes, diagrams, drawings, and so on, to help others understand your thinking.”
• 2–5 minutes: partner work time
• 5–7 minutes: gallery walk
• “What is the same and what is different about the ways that groups represented the subtraction?” (Some groups used equations. Some groups used base-ten blocks. They all used the same numbers. They all got the same answer.)
• Display one example of 2–3 different representations side-by-side for all to see.
• “Which representations show the same idea or help us find the difference the same way?” (The number line and equations show the same idea of adding up. The base-ten blocks are different because they show a ten or a hundred decomposed into smaller units before some of the blocks are taken away.)

## Activity 2: Base-ten Drawings (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to make sense of drawings of base-ten blocks. Students compare two base-ten drawings. The first drawing is the same as what they saw in grade 2, where the tens block is decomposed into 10 individual ones and moved over to the ones place before subtracting the ones. In the second drawing, the tens block is moved over and partitioned into 10 parts but not decomposed into individual ones. The subtraction of ones is shown directly on the ten that was moved over. Students then match base-ten diagrams to subtraction expressions and subtract to find the value of each expression. This will be helpful in later lessons when students relate base-ten diagrams to written algorithms.

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Synthesis: Some students may benefit from the opportunity to rehearse what they will say with a partner before they share with the whole class.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• “Take a minute to look at the drawings of how Jada and Han used base-ten blocks to subtract.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time
• “Discuss with your partner how Jada and Han’s drawings are alike and how they are different.”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share responses.

### Activity

• “Work together to match each expression with a diagram that represents it. Then, find the value of each expression.”
• 3–5 minutes: partner work time

### Student Facing

1. Jada and Han made drawings to show how they used base-ten blocks to find the value of $$262 - 135$$. Their drawings are shown.

Han's drawing

How are their drawings alike? How are they different?

2. Here are three expressions, followed by three diagrams. Write each expression next to the diagram that represents it. Then, find the value of the expression.

$$252 - 181$$

$$262 - 135$$

$$252 - 132$$

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite students to share the expression that matches each diagram.
• “What did you have to pay attention to as you matched each diagram to an expression?” (I had to look for the numbers that were being subtracted. I had to look for tens over by the ones and hundreds over by the tens if there weren’t enough tens or ones.)

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Today we subtracted numbers using many different strategies. What is your favorite representation to use to subtract numbers?” (I like to use base-ten blocks so I can see the numbers I am subtracting. I like to write equations because it shows me how I am subtracting the numbers.)

“Does the way you subtract numbers or the representation you use change based on the numbers in the problem?” (Yes, I use mental math when I see that one of the numbers is close to a hundred. No, I always add up. I always like to use base-ten blocks.)

“Keep all these strategies in mind as we learn new ways to show our reasoning around subtraction in the upcoming lessons.”