# Lesson 3

Escojamos objetos para comparar su longitud indirectamente

## Warm-up: Observa y pregúntate: Más lápices (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this warm-up is to elicit the idea that we can compare objects when they are not aligned by using a third object, which will be useful when students compare the lengths of objects in a later activity. While students may notice and wonder many things about these images, comparing using a third object is the important discussion point.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the image.
• “¿Qué observan? ¿Qué se preguntan?” // “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• “Discutan con su pareja lo que pensaron” // “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

¿Qué observas?
¿Qué te preguntas?

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿Cuál lápiz es más largo: A o C? ¿Cómo lo saben?” // “Which pencil is longer, A or C? How do you know?” (A is longer than B and C is shorter than B, so C is shorter than A.)

## Activity 1: Mai y Clare caminan a la escuela (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to compare two lengths indirectly. Since a third object is not given, students choose a third object strategically and share different ways to use a third object to compare (MP5).

Students choose from a variety of objects: connecting cubes towers, pieces of string, and unsharpened pencils. As students compare the length of the paths, students may use a single tool, such as a piece of string to compare the two paths. They may mark or cut the string. Some students may choose the tower of connecting cubes and determine that breaking off or counting the cubes is a way to determine whether one length is shorter or longer than the other. Others may select and try different tools until they find one that has a length that is in between the length of the two paths.

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Required Preparation

• Each group of 2 needs:
• Connecting cubes in singles and towers of 10
• 6-inch and 10-inch piece of string
• Unsharpened pencil
• Scissors

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give students access to connecting cubes in towers of 10 and singles, string, unsharpened pencils, and scissors.
• “Clare y Mai caminan a la escuela todos los días. Pueden ver sus caminos en el mapa. ¿Quién recorre el camino más corto? Escojan qué herramienta quieren usar. Prepárense para explicar cómo pensaron de una forma que los demás entiendan” // “Clare and Mai walk to school every day. You can see their paths on the map. Who has the shorter walk? Choose a tool to use. Be ready to explain your thinking so that others will understand.”

### Activity

• 5 minutes: independent work time
• “Compartan con su pareja cómo pensaron” // “Share your thinking with a partner.”
• 2 minutes: partner discussion
• Monitor for students who use a single tool to compare the two paths and mark the tool to show one length, such as bending string or breaking off cubes to compare the other length.

### Student Facing

¿Quién recorre un camino más corto a la escuela: Clare o Mai? ¿Cómo lo sabes?

Prepárate para explicar cómo pensaste de una forma que los demás entiendan.

### Student Response

If students use one object to match the length of Clare’s path and a different object to match Mai’s path, consider asking:

• “Cuéntame más sobre cómo estás usando las herramientas para descifrar quién recorre el camino más corto” // “Tell me more about how you are using tools to figure out who has the shorter path.”
• “¿Cómo podrías usar una herramienta para descifrar quién recorre el camino más corto?” // “How could you use one tool to figure out who has the shorter path?”

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite previously identified students to share.
• “Cuando compararon la longitud de los caminos, ¿cómo les ayudó la herramienta?” // “How was using a tool helpful to compare the lengths of the paths?” (We couldn’t put the paths next to each other so it was helpful to have a tool that could be moved from one path to the other to compare.)

## Activity 2: ¿Cabrá? (25 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to compare the length of two objects using a third object. When students decide if the teacher's desk will fit through the door or compare other large pieces of furniture, they will need to be precise about which lengths they are measuring as objects like the teacher's desk, a rug, and a bookcase, have a length, width, and in some cases a height (MP6). Next, they will need to select an appropriate third object to use to compare the lengths they have chosen. Teachers may choose to assign different questions for different groups to start with to facilitate student movement around the room. Teachers may also change any question that does not apply to their classroom.

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Synthesis: For each observation that is shared, invite students to turn to a partner and restate what they heard using precise mathematical language.
Engagement: Provide Access by Recruiting Interest. Provide choice. Invite students to decide which problem to start with and the order to complete the task.
Supports accessibility for: Attention, Social-Emotional Functioning

### Required Preparation

• Each group needs measuring materials from the previous activity.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• “¿Alguna vez han visto a alguien mover un mueble grande, como un sofá, de una habitación a otra? ¿Es fácil mover muebles grandes? ¿Por qué sí o por qué no?” // “Have you ever seen someone move a large piece of furniture, like a couch, from one room to another? Is it easy to move big pieces of furniture? Why or why not?”
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• Share responses.
• “He pensado en comprar un escritorio nuevo. Si lo hago, tendré que sacar este escritorio del salón. No estoy seguro de que este escritorio quepa por la puerta. ¿Cómo podemos revisar si cabe?” // “I have been thinking about getting a new desk. If I do, I will have to move this desk out of the room. I am not sure if this desk will fit through the door. How can we check to see if it will fit?” (We could measure with a string.)
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share responses.
• “Todos van a revisar si mi escritorio cabría por la puerta. También van a comparar la longitud de algunos otros objetos del salón” // “You are all going to check to see if my desk will fit through the door. You are also going to compare the length of some other objects in the room.”

### Activity

• 15 minutes: partner work time
• Monitor for a group that measures the width of the teacher's desk and one that measures the length.

### Student Facing

1. ¿El escritorio del profesor cabría por la puerta?

Muestra cómo pensaste. Usa dibujos, números o palabras.

2. ¿Un pupitre de estudiante cabría por la puerta?

Muestra cómo pensaste. Usa dibujos, números o palabras.

3. ¿Cuál es más larga: la biblioteca o la alfombra?

Muestra cómo pensaste. Usa dibujos, números o palabras.

4. ¿Cuál es más largo: el archivador o la biblioteca?

Muestra cómo pensaste. Usa dibujos, números o palabras.

5. ¿Cuál es más corto: la biblioteca o el escritorio del profesor?

Muestra cómo pensaste. Usa dibujos, números o palabras.

6. ¿El escritorio del profesor cabría al lado de la biblioteca?

Muestra cómo pensaste. Usa dibujos, números o palabras.

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite previously identified students to share.
• For each student, ask: “¿Cómo compararon la longitud de los objetos? ¿Qué herramienta usaron? ¿Qué parte de cada objeto midieron?” // “How did they compare the length of the objects? What tool did they use? What part of each object did they measure?”

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Hoy usamos objetos para comparar otros objetos que no se podían alinear. En las dos actividades de hoy, ¿cuál fue su método para escoger un objeto que les ayudara a comparar?” // “Today we used objects to compare other objects that could not be lined up. What was your method for picking an object to help you compare in both activities?” (I found an object in between the lengths of the objects. I found an object close to the length of one of the objects. I used string so I could make it any length.)