# Lesson 2

Midamos en centímetros

## Warm-up: Observa y pregúntate: Centímetros (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this warm-up is to elicit the idea that a centimeter is the length of the edge of a centimeter cube and to connect this with the length of a base-ten block composed of 10 centimeter cubes. This will be useful when students measure with base-ten blocks and report their measurements in centimeters in a later activity. While students may notice and wonder many things about these images, discussion of the attributes of the shapes are emphasized by the labels and the meaning of a centimeter are the important discussion points. Students use and revise their language to clearly describe the images (MP6).

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the image.
• “¿Qué observan? ¿Qué se preguntan?” // “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• “Discutan con su compañero lo que pensaron” // “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

¿Qué observas? ¿Qué te preguntas?

A

B

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿En qué se parecen las palabras en las imágenes? ¿En qué son diferentes?” // “How are the labels on both images the same? How are they different?” (They both show the length of one square. They both show 1 length unit. One says centimeter and one says cm.)
• “Ambas palabras muestran la longitud de 1 centímetro. ’Centímetro’ es una palabra larga y puede ser difícil usarla para marcar tus unidades de longitud. Podemos usar cm para abreviar. ‘c’ representa centi y ‘m’ representa metro” // “Both labels show the length of 1 centimeter. Centimeter is a long word and can be hard to use to label your length units. We can use cm for short. ‘C’ represents centi and ‘m’ represents meter.”
• Display a centimeter cube and 10-centimeter tool.
• “Si la longitud de 1 arista en un cubo de un centímetro es 1 centímetro, ¿qué tan largo es este bloque? Explica” // “If the length of 1 edge of a centimeter cube is 1 centimeter, how long is this block? Explain.” (It’s 10 centimeters long because it shows 10 blocks put together. Each block is 1 centimeter long.)
• “Cuando practicamos la suma y la resta usando el valor posicional, utilizamos estas herramientas para mostrar las unidades y las decenas” // “When we practiced adding and subtracting by place, we used these tools to show ones and tens.”
• “Cuando midamos, los llamaremos ’cubos de un centímetro’ y ’herramientas de 10 centímetros’ para describir sus longitudes” // “When we measure we will call them centimeter cubes and 10-centimeter tools to describe their lengths.”

## Activity 1: Longitud en centímetros (20 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to transition from expressing the length of objects as a count of physical length units (for example, 12 cubes) to expressing the length of objects using a standard unit (for example, 12 centimeters). Students use centimeter cubes and 10-centimeter tools (base-ten blocks) to measure the length of an earthworm. Throughout the activity, students make connections to place value and describe the convenience of different types of tools based on their length (MP5).

Action and Expression: Internalize Executive Functions. Check for understanding by inviting students to rephrase directions in their own words. Keep a display of the objectives visible throughout the activity.
Supports accessibility for: Memory, Organization

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

• Bearded Dragon

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give centimeter cubes and 10-centimeter tools to each group.
• Give each student a copy of the bearded dragon.
• “Ayer medimos la longitud de la iguana de Priya. Una iguana es un reptil. ¿Qué saben sobre los reptiles?” // “Yesterday we measured the length of Priya’s iguana. An iguana is a reptile. What do you know about reptiles?”
• Share responses.
• Display the image.
• “Este es el dibujo de un dragón barbudo. Como las iguanas, los dragones barbudos son un tipo de reptil que con frecuencia se tiene como mascota” // “This is a drawing of a bearded dragon. Like iguanas, bearded dragons are a kind of reptile that are often kept as pets.”

### Activity

• “Midan la longitud del dragón barbudo usando los cubos de un centímetro. Luego, usen la herramienta de 10 centímetros para medir la longitud” // “Measure the length of the bearded dragon using the centimeter cubes. Then use the 10-centimeter tool to measure the length.”
• 10 minutes: partner work time
• Monitor for students who answer the last question by using:
• only centimeter cubes
• only 10-centimeter tools
• a combination of 10-cm tools and centimeter cubes.

### Student Facing

1. Mide la longitud del dragón barbudo usando los cubos de un centímetro.

El dragón barbudo mide ____________ cubos de un centímetro de largo.

2. Mide el dragón barbudo usando la herramienta de 10 centímetros.

El dragón barbudo mide ____________ herramientas de 10 centímetros de largo.

3. ¿Cuántos centímetros de largo mide el dragón barbudo?

El dragón barbudo mide ____________ centímetros de largo.

### Activity Synthesis

• Share and display student measurements for the last problem.
• As needed, select previously identified students to demonstrate their responses to the following discussion questions.
• “¿Cómo pueden mostrar, usando sólo cubos de un centímetro, que el dragón barbudo mide 24 centímetros de largo?” // “How can you prove that the bearded dragon is 24 centimeters long with only centimeter cubes?” (Start at one end and line up the cubes until you reach the other end. You can count the cubes because each cube is 1 centimeter long.)
• “¿Cómo pueden mostrar, usando herramientas de 10 centímetros, que el dragón barbudo mide 24 centímetros de largo?” // “How can you prove the bearded dragon is 24 cm long with 10-centimeter tools?” (Start at one end with one 10-centimeter tool, then keep lining up more 10-centimeter tools until you go past the end. You can count the first two by 10, then start counting by ones until you get to the block that lines up with the end.)
• “¿Con cuál herramienta fue más fácil medir la longitud del dragón barbudo?” // “Which tool was easier to use to measure the length of the bearded dragon?” (I liked using the 10-centimeter tools because you could measure faster without having to use as many blocks. It was easier to count.)

## Activity 2: Midamos con herramientas de 10 centímetros (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to practice measuring and expressing the length of objects in centimeters. Students measure the length of different reptiles and choose whether to use centimeter cubes, 10-centimeter tools, or a combination of the two tools (MP5).

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Synthesis: At the appropriate time, give students 2–3 minutes to make sure that both partners can explain how they used their tools to measure and find the difference. Invite groups to rehearse what they will say when they share with the whole class.

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

• Reptile Length, Spanish

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each student a Reptile Length sheet and access to base-ten blocks.

### Activity

• “Usen la herramienta que les parezca adecuada para encontrar la longitud de cada reptil. Luego, comparen sus medidas con las de su compañero. Si algunas de las medidas son diferentes, midan juntos de nuevo el reptil para encontrar una medida con la que estén de acuerdo” // “Use the tools that make sense to you to find the length of each reptile. Then compare your measurements with your partner. If any measurements are different, measure the reptile again together to find a length you agree on.”
• “Luego, decidan juntos cuánto más largo es el geco diurno que la serpiente de hilo. Muestren cómo pensaron. Usen dibujos, números o palabras” // “Then decide how much longer the day gecko is than the threadsnake together. Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.”
• 5 minutes: independent work time
• 5 minutes: partner work time
• Monitor for students who use:
• centimeter cubes to measure lengths shorter than 10 cm
• 10-centimeter tools to measure lengths shorter than 10 cm
• a combination of centimeter cubes and 10-centimeter tools
• only the 10-centimeter tools to measure lengths that are longer than 10 cm

### Student Facing

1. Mide la longitud de cada reptil, en centímetros.

1. ____________ cm
2. ____________ cm
3. ____________ cm
4. ____________ cm
2. Compara tus medidas con las de tu compañero.
3. ¿Cuánto más largo es el geco diurno que la serpiente de hilo?

### Student Response

If students use centimeter cubes to measure longer reptile lengths, consider asking:

• “¿Cómo decidiste cuáles herramientas usar para medir ____?” // “How did you decide which tools to use to measure the ____?”
• “¿Cómo podrías usar la herramienta de 10 centímetros para medir el próximo reptil?” // “How could you use the 10-centimeter tool to measure the next reptile?”
• “¿Cómo podrías usar ambas herramientas para medir?” // “How could you use both tools to measure?”

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite previously identified students to share how they measured a length that was shorter than 10 cm (A or E).
• Invite previously identified students to share how they measured a length longer than 10 cm (B, C, D, or F).

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Hoy medimos diferentes tipos de reptiles usando los centímetros como unidad de longitud. El centímetro es una unidad pequeña. Vimos que podemos usar los cubos de un centímetro o los bloques de 10 centímetros como herramientas para medir en centímetros” // “Today, we measured different reptiles using the length unit of centimeters, which is a small unit. We saw that we can use the centimeter cubes or the 10-centimeter blocks as tools to measure centimeters.”

“¿Cómo podrían usar un cubo de un centímetro para mostrarle a alguien qué tan largo es 1 centímetro?” // “How could you use a centimeter cube to show someone how long 1 centimeter is?”

“¿Cómo podrían usar una herramienta de 10 centímetros para mostrarle a alguien qué tan largo es 1 centímetro?” // “How could you use a 10-centimeter tool to show someone how long 1 centimeter is?”

“¿Qué harían si quisieran mostrarle a alguien qué tan largo es 5 centímetros? ¿Qué usarían?” // “What if you wanted to show someone how long 5 centimeters is? What would you use?” (I could use 5 centimeter cubes lined up together. I could use the 10-centimeter cube and just show them the length of the first 5 cubes.)

“¿Qué harían si quisieran mostrarle a alguien qué tan largo es 50 centímetros? ¿Qué usarían?” // “What if you wanted to show someone how long 50 centimeters is? What would you use?” (I’d use 5 10-centimeter tools lined up together.)