# Lesson 12

Horas, minutos y segundos

## Warm-up: ¿Qué sabes sobre 1 hora? (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this warm-up is to invite students to share what they know about 1 hour and its relationship with other units of time. The work here prepares students to convert units of time and solve problems later in the lesson.

### Launch

• Display “1 hora” // “1 hour”.
• “¿Qué saben sobre 1 hora?” // “What do you know about 1 hour?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• Record responses.

### Student Facing

¿Qué sabes sobre 1 hora?

### Activity Synthesis

• “Además de usar horas, ¿de qué otras maneras podemos medir el tiempo?” // “Other than using hours, in what other ways can we measure time?” (minutes, seconds, days, months, years, decades)
• “¿Cuándo podría ser más útil usar horas que usar otras unidades? ¿Cuándo podría ser más útil usar minutos o segundos?” // “When might it be more helpful to use hours than to use other units? When might it be more helpful to use minutes or seconds?”

## Activity 1: Día de escuela de Mai (20 minutes)

### Narrative

This activity develops students’ understanding of hours and minutes as units of time and helps them to see 1 hour as 60 times as long as 1 minute.

In converting hours into minutes, students may reason additively when the time in hours is a low single-digit number, but are likely to reason multiplicatively when converting, say, 8 or 10 hours into minutes. When they relate the operation of multiplication by 60 to converting hours to minutes, students make use of structure (MP7). To convert fractional numbers of hours ($$\frac{1}{2}, \frac{1}{4}$$, and $$\frac{3}{4}$$ hour), students might choose to think in multiplicative terms (for instance, $$\frac{1}{2} \times 60$$) but are not expected to do so. Instead they can rely on their prior knowledge about a quarter of an hour and a half of an hour to reason about the number of minutes.

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Synthesis: Some students may benefit from the opportunity to rehearse what they will say with a partner before they share with the whole class.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• “En un día entre semana, ¿a qué dedican el tiempo desde que se levantan hasta que se van a dormir? ¿Cuánto tiempo tardan en alistarse para la escuela?, ¿y en ir a la escuela? ¿Cuánto tiempo pasan en la escuela? ¿A qué dedican su tiempo después de la escuela?” // “On a weekday, how do you spend the hours between the time you wake up and the time you go to bed? How much time do you spend getting ready for school, going to school, and at school? How do you spend your time after school?”
• “Tómense un minuto para hacer una lista de su rutina habitual entre semana, teniendo en cuenta que puede variar de un día a otro. Puede que prefieran concentrarse solo en un día, por ejemplo, el lunes” //  “Take a quick minute to list your usual weekday routine, knowing that it may vary from day to day. You may choose to focus only on one day—say, Monday.”
• 1–2 minutes: quiet think time
• 1–2 minutes: partner discussion
• “¿Cómo mostraron la cantidad de tiempo que dedicaron a cada actividad?” // “How did you show the amount of time you spend on each activity?” (In hours, in minutes, as intervals of time—for example: 8:30 to 3:30)
• “Examinemos a qué dedica su tiempo Mai, en horas y minutos” // “Let’s look at how Mai spends her day in hours and minutes.”

### Activity

• 7–8 minutes: independent work time
• 2–3 minutes: partner discussion
• Monitor for the ways students convert large numbers of hours and fractional hours into minutes.

### Student Facing

La tabla muestra a qué dedica Mai el tiempo que está despierta en un día de escuela.

rutina de la mañana 1
ir a la escuela $$\frac{1}{2}$$
tiempo en la escuela 8
ir a casa desde la escuela $$\frac{3}{4}$$
tareas y lectura $$1\frac{1}{2}$$
jugar y tiempo en familia 2
rutina para ir a dormir $$\frac{1}{4}$$
1. Completa la tabla para mostrar cuántos minutos dedica Mai a cada actividad. Prepárate para explicar o mostrar tu razonamiento.

2. ¿Cuántas horas pasa Mai en la escuela? ¿Cuántos minutos es eso? Explica o muestra cómo lo sabes.

3. ¿Cuántos minutos duerme Mai en una noche durante los días de escuela? Explica o muestra tu razonamiento.

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite selected students to share their responses and reasoning. Start with students who reason additively about the number of minutes in a given number of hours. End with those who frame the relationship between a whole number of hours and the number of minutes in multiplicative terms.

## Activity 2: Minutos y segundos preciosos (15 minutes)

### Narrative

In this activity, students reason about the number of seconds in given time in minutes. Students see that 1 minute is 60 times as long as 1 second.

Engagement: Internalize Self-Regulation. Synthesis: Provide students an opportunity to self-assess and reflect on their own progress. For example, say, “Este es nuestro sexto día trabajando en problemas sobre medidas y conversión. ¿Qué han aprendido sobre estos temas? ¿Sobre qué quieren seguir aprendiendo?” // “This is our sixth day working on problems about measurement and conversion. What have you learned about these topics? What do you still want to learn about?”
Supports accessibility for: Memory, Social-Emotional Functioning

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• “¿Han usado un temporizador o un cronómetro para contar el número de segundos que tardan en hacer algo? ¿Qué cronometraron?” // “Have you used a timer or a stopwatch to count the number of seconds of doing something? What were you timing?”
• Consider challenging students to do something for a full minute (for instance, holding breath or balancing on one foot) and displaying a timer that shows the second hand or the number of seconds increasing or decreasing.
• “¿Cuál es más largo: 1 minuto o 1 segundo? Comparen 1 minuto con 1 segundo. ¿Qué pueden decir?” // “Which one is longer: 1 minute or 1 second? How does 1 minute compare to 1 second?” (One minute is 60 times as long as 1 second.)

### Activity

• 7–8 minutes: independent work time
• 2–3 minutes: partner discussion
• Monitor for the different ways students find the number of seconds in 10 and 30 minutes and the ways they reason about the last 2 problems.

### Student Facing

Diego pone un temporizador para asegurarse de que las cosas no se hagan durante un tiempo muy largo ni muy corto.

cepillarse los dientes 2
ducharse 3
calentar una taza de leche en el microondas $$\frac{1}{2}$$
descanso corto al hacer tareas 5
rutina rápida de ejercicio 10
lectura diaria 30

1. Completa la tabla con el número de segundos de cada actividad. Prepárate para explicar cómo razonaste.
2. Diego observó que en un canal de televisión, cada corte comercial suele durar entre $$1\frac{1}{2}$$ y $$2\frac{1}{2}$$ minutos. ¿Cuánto dura un corte comercial en segundos? Explica o muestra cómo razonaste.

3. La rutina de ejercicio de Diego comienza con 4 minutos de calentamiento y estiramiento, seguidos de 100 segundos de saltos de tijera.

Si él hace ejercicio exactamente durante 10 minutos, ¿cuántos segundos más le quedan de su rutina de ejercicio?

### Activity Synthesis

• Display the table. Invite students to help complete the table by sharing their responses and reasoning.
• “¿Cómo encontraron el número de segundos que hay en 30 minutos?” // “How did you find the number of seconds in 30 minutes?” (Multiply the number of seconds in 10 minutes by 3, multiply the number seconds in 5 minutes by 6.)
• Select other students to share their reasoning for the problem about commercial breaks.
• Highlight that we can decompose the number of minutes to find the number of seconds. (For example, $$1\frac{1}{2}$$ minutes is 1 minute and $$\frac{1}{2}$$ minute or 1 minute and 30 seconds, which is 90 seconds.)

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Hoy usamos horas, minutos y segundos para expresar periodos de tiempo. Convertimos horas a minutos y, luego, minutos a segundos” // “Today we used hours, minutes, and seconds to express lengths of time. We converted hours to minutes and then minutes to seconds.”

Display two tables as shown.

hours minutes
1
5
10
minutes seconds
1
5
10
//
horas minutos
1
5
10
minutos segundos
1
5
10

“Si alguien dijera que los números que faltan en la primera tabla son los mismos que faltan en la segunda tabla, ¿estarían de acuerdo? ¿Por qué sí o por qué no?” // “If someone claims that the missing numbers in the first table are the same as the ones in the second table, would you agree? Why or why not?” (Agree. An hour is 60 minutes or 60 times as long as 1 minute, and a minute is 60 seconds or 60 times as long as 1 second. The relationship between hour and minutes is the same as that between minute and seconds.)

Complete the table as a class.

Consider asking, “¿Cómo podemos usar la información de las tablas para encontrar el número de segundos que hay en 1 hora?” // “How can we use the information in the tables to help us find the number of seconds in 1 hour?”