# Lesson 23

Dividamos números enteros entre decimales

## Warm-up: Verdadero o falso: Décimas y centésimas (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this warm-up is for students to analyze statements about quotients of whole numbers by 0.1 or 0.01. Students compare the value of quotients by 0.1 and 0.01. They can analyze the statements either by calculating the value of the expressions or reasoning about the relationship between 0.1 and 0.01, namely that there are ten hundredths in a tenth.

### Launch

• Display one statement.
• “Hagan una señal cuando sepan si la afirmación es verdadera o no, y puedan explicar cómo lo saben” // “Give me a signal when you know whether the statement is true and can explain how you know.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• Share and record answers and strategy.
• Repeat with each statement.

### Student Facing

Decide si cada afirmación es verdadera o falsa. Prepárate para explicar tu razonamiento.

• $$6 \div 0.01 = 60$$
• $$6 \div 0.1 < 6 \div 0.01$$
• $$6 \div 0.01 = 60 \div 0.1$$

### Activity Synthesis

• Display second statement.
• “¿Cómo pueden mostrar que esta afirmación es verdadera sin encontrar el valor de las expresiones que están a cada lado del signo igual?” // “How can you prove this statement is true without finding the value of the expressions on both sides of the equal sign?” (I can think about the size of the quotients. They both show 6 being divided into groups, but the size of the groups is bigger in $$6\div0.1$$ so there will be fewer groups.)

## Activity 1: Mismo divisor, diferente dividendo (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to find quotients of a whole number by tenths or hundredths. This activity focuses on divisors of 0.2 and 0.02 to build on students' previous work dividing by 0.1 and 0.01. The strategies, diagrams and place value reasoning used in the previous lessons still apply. Students may also think about the problems using multiplication. For example $$1 \div 0.2 = 5$$ because $$5 \times 0.2 = 1$$.

### Required Materials

Materials to Copy

• Small Grids

• Groups of 2

### Activity

• 1–2 minutes: quiet think time
• 8–10 minutes: partner work time
• Monitor for students who represent their reasoning with:
• diagrams
• expressions or words using multiplication

### Student Facing

1. Encuentra el valor de cada expresión. Explica o muestra cómo razonaste.

1. $$1 \div 0.2$$
2. $$2 \div 0.2$$
3. $$3 \div 0.2$$
4. $$4 \div 0.2$$
2. Encuentra el valor de cada expresión. Explica o muestra cómo razonaste.

1. $$1 \div 0.02$$
2. $$2 \div 0.02$$
3. $$3 \div 0.02$$
4. $$4 \div 0.02$$
3. ¿Qué patrones observas?

### Student Response

If a student is not able to use the value of the first expression in each set to find the value of the later expressions, ask them to describe what they notice and wonder about each set of expressions. Use numbers and symbols when possible to record the relationships they describe.

### Activity Synthesis

• Ask selected students to share the representations listed above.
• “¿En qué se parecen las representaciones? ¿En qué son diferentes?” // “How are the representations the same? How are they different?” (They both figured out how many tenths or hundredths are in one whole. Then they multiplied that by the number of wholes. One of them used a picture and one of them reasoned about the size of tenths and hundredths to find how many 0.2's and 0.02's are in one whole.)
• Display a student's completed work showing the values of the quotients.
• “¿Qué patrones ven en todos los grupos de ecuaciones?” // “What patterns do you see across the sets of equations?” (The quotients with a divisor of 0.01 are 10 times larger than those with a divisor of 0.1. The quotients with a divisor of 0.1 are a tenth of the value of those with a divisor of 0.01.)
• Record the patterns as students describe them.

## Activity 2: Evaluemos expresiones (20 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to find the value of quotients where the divisor is less than 1 and where the dividend is large enough that drawing a complete diagram is cumbersome. Instead, students are encouraged to use a diagram to find how many divisor sized groups are in 1 whole and then multiply the dividend by that number to find the value of the quotient. When students use the value of $$1 \div 0.2$$ and multiplication to find the value of $$12 \div 0.2$$ they are using regularity in reasoning (MP8).

This activity uses MLR1 Stronger and Clearer Each Time. Advances: Conversing.

Action and Expression: Internalize Executive Functions. Invite students to plan a strategy, including the tools they will use, for finding the value of the expression. If time allows, invite students to share their plan with a partner before they begin.
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Processing, Memory

### Required Materials

Materials to Copy

• Small Grids

• Groups of 2

### Activity

• 3–5 minutes: independent work time
• Monitor for students who use the following strategies for problem 1:
• reason about how many divisor-sized groups are in 1 whole, possibly with a diagram, and then multiply by the dividend
• use multiplication equations to find the value of the division expressions

### Student Facing

1. Encuentra el valor de la expresión. Si te ayuda, usa un diagrama.

$$12 \div 0.2$$

2. Estos son el diagrama y la explicación que usó Tyler para justificar por qué $$12 \div 0.2 = 60$$.

Explica cómo se relaciona la expresión $$12 \times (1 \div 0.2)$$ con el razonamiento de Tyler.

3. Encuentra el valor de cada expresión.

1. $$14 \div 0.5$$
2. $$5 \div 0.25$$

### Student Response

If a student is not sure how to explain Tyler’s reasoning in problem 2, ask them to read the expression to you and record the words they use. Then ask them how those words relate to the words Tyler used.

### Activity Synthesis

• Ask previously identified students to share their solutions and strategies for evaluating the expressions in the first problem.
• “¿Cómo les ayudó la multiplicación a encontrar el valor de las expresiones del primer problema?” // “How was multiplication useful to find the value of the expressions in the first problem?” (I didn't have to draw 12 wholes because I knew there were five 0.2s in each one so that would be $$12 \times 5$$ total.)
MLR1 Stronger and Clearer Each Time
• “Compartan con su compañero su respuesta al problema 2. Por turnos, uno habla y el otro escucha. Si es su turno de hablar, compartan sus ideas y lo que han escrito hasta el momento. Si es su turno de escuchar, hagan preguntas y comentarios que ayuden a su compañero a mejorar su trabajo” // “Share your response to problem 2 with your partner. Take turns being the speaker and the listener. If you are the speaker, share your ideas and writing so far. If you are the listener, ask questions and give feedback to help your partner improve their work.”
• 3-5 minutes: structured partner discussion
• Repeat with 2 different partners.
• “Ajusten su borrador inicial basándose en los comentarios que les hicieron sus compañeros” // “Revise your initial draft based on the feedback you got from your partners.”
• 2-3 minutes: independent work time

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Hoy dividimos números enteros entre números decimales” // “Today we divided whole numbers by decimals.”

Display two expressions:

$$2 \div 0.2$$

$$2 \div 0.5$$

“En ambos casos, 2 se divide entre un número decimal. Descríbanle a su compañero cómo encontrarían el valor de cada expresión” // “In both these cases, 2 is being divided by a decimal number. Describe to your partner how you would find the value of each expression.” (I would use the 2 grids and divide them into groups of 0.2 or 0.5 and then see how many of them there are.)

Display:

$$18 \div 0.2$$

$$18 \div 0.5$$

“¿Cómo cambia la estrategia que usaron para las primeras dos expresiones con este nuevo grupo de problemas? ¿Por qué?” // “How does your strategy for the first two expressions change with this set of problems? Why?” (For these, the hundredths grids still help to visualize the 0.2s and 0.5s in one whole, but I don't want to draw 18 of them so I would just multiply the 0.2s in 1 whole or the 0.5s in one whole by 18.)