# Lesson 4

Exploremos los bloques sólidos geométricos

## Warm-up: Observa y pregúntate: Bloques sólidos geométricos (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is to elicit ideas students have about geoblocks. This allows teachers to see what language students use to describe shapes (MP6). There is no need to introduce formal geometric language at this point since this will happen in a later unit.

A picture of geoblocks is provided. However, it is preferable to display a collection of actual blocks. Students also have a few geoblocks to examine up close.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each student a few geoblocks and display a collection of geoblocks or the image in the student book.
• “¿Qué observan?” // “What do you notice?”
• 30 seconds: quiet think time

### Activity

• “Cuéntenle a su compañero qué observaron” // “Tell your partner what you noticed.”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.
• “¿Qué se preguntan?” // “What do you wonder?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time
• “Cuéntenle a su compañero qué se preguntaron” // “Tell your partner what you wondered.”
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

¿Qué observas?
¿Qué te preguntas?

### Activity Synthesis

• “Estos se llaman bloques sólidos geométricos. ¿Qué creen que podrían hacer o construir con los bloques sólidos geométricos?” // “These are called geoblocks. What is one thing that you think you could do or make with the geoblocks?”

## Activity 1: Conozcamos “Bloques sólidos geométricos: Explora” (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to explore geoblocks. Students have an opportunity to explore the geoblocks before they are asked to use them to represent mathematical situations in later lessons. As students explore, observe whether students sort the geoblocks, count them, or use geometric language to describe them (MP6). Students will have opportunities to continue exploring geoblocks in centers in future lessons. This is stage 1 of the Geoblocks center.

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Create a visual display of what students want to do or make with geoblocks. As students share ideas, include a drawing or annotation to illustrate connections.
Action and Expression: Internalize Executive Functions. Invite students to plan a strategy, including what they want to do or make with the geoblocks. If time allows, invite students to share their plan with a partner before they begin.
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Processing, Organization

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give a container of geoblocks to each group.
• “¿Cuándo han visto a alguien de su familia o de su comunidad construir cosas? ¿Qué clase de herramientas usan cuando construyen?” // “When do you see people build things in your family or your community? What kind of tools do they use when they build?” (I saw people building a house. They used wood and ladders. My dad used a hammer to build a dollhouse.)
• “Exploremos los bloques sólidos geométricos. ¿Han usado bloques solidos geométricos o alguna herramienta como esta antes? ¿Qué quieren hacer o construir con los bloques sólidos geométricos?” // “Let’s explore geoblocks. Have you used geoblocks or another tool like this before? What do you want to make or do with the geoblocks?”
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• Share responses.

### Activity

• 10 minutes: partner work time
• “Compartan con su compañero una cosa que hayan hecho o construido con los bloques sólidos geométricos” // “Share with your partner one thing you did or made with the blocks.”
• 2 minutes: partner discussion

### Activity Synthesis

• Ask 3–4 students to share what they did or made with geoblocks.
• “Algo que hicimos con los bloques sólidos geométricos fue construir. ¿Qué tipos de herramientas pueden usar en sus casas para construir cosas?” // “One thing that we did with the geoblocks was build. What kinds of tools can you use at home to build things?”

## Activity 2: Conozcamos “Bloques sólidos geométricos: Construye lo que ves” (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to learn stage 2 in the Geoblocks center. Students use solid shapes to build objects pictured on cards. The focus is on how students choose which shapes to use and the language they use to describe their creations, rather than on creating a perfect representation of the object (MP6). When students make and describe their own choices for how they represent real-world objects with geometric shapes, they prepare to model real-world problems with mathematics (MP4).

Standard geoblock sets do not include cylinders, spheres, and cones. When these shapes are required, solid shapes are indicated in the required materials. The tool is still called geoblocks to keep things simple for students.

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

• Geoblocks Stage 2, Spanish

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display student book.
• “¿Qué observan? ¿Qué se preguntan?” // “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Activity

• Give each group of students geoblocks, solid shapes, and a copy of the blackline master.
• “Esta página muestra la imagen de una casa. Trabajen con su compañero para crear una casa con las figuras” // “This page shows a picture of a house. Work with your partner to use the shapes to create a house.”
• 3 minutes: partner work time
• “Escojan otra imagen que les gustaría construir” // “Choose another picture that you’d like to build.”
• 2–3 minutes: independent work time
• As students work, consider asking:
• “¿Cuáles figuras pueden usar para hacer el techo de la casa?” // “Which shapes can you use to make the roof of the house?”
• “¿Cómo crearon _____?” // “How did you create _____?”

### Student Facing

Usa bloques para construir una casa.

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite 3–4 students to share their creations.
• “¿De qué ideas nuevas habló hoy su compañero cuando usó los bloques sólidos geométricos? ¿Qué vieron hacer a su compañero con los bloques sólidos geométricos?” // “What new ideas did you hear your partner talk about today when they used the geoblocks? What did you see your partner do with their geoblocks?”

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Hoy exploramos los bloques sólidos geométricos. De las cosas que hicieron o construyeron hoy, ¿cuál fue su favorita? ¿Por qué?” // “Today we explored geoblocks. What was your favorite thing that you did or made with the geoblocks? Why was it your favorite?”

“Practiquemos contar hasta 10” // “Let’s practice counting to 10.”

Demonstrate counting to 10. Count to 10 as a class 1–2 times.

Math Community
Display the math community poster and read the student actions listed under “Doing Math”.

“¿Cuáles de estas hicieron hoy? ¿Cómo les ayudaron en clase?” // “Which of these did you do today? How did they help you in class?”

“¿Hay algo más que deberíamos agregar al póster?” // “Is there anything else we should add to the poster?”