In this lesson, students learn that a parabola is the set of points equidistant from a given point, or focus, and a given line, or directrix. Students explore the relationship between the positioning of these elements and resulting shape of the parabola. Then, they practice using distance calculations to test if particular points lie on given parabolas. This work helps prepare students to write an equation for a parabola in an upcoming lesson.
Students have the opportunity to attend to precision in language (MP6) as they articulate what they notice and wonder about a diagram showing several points equidistant from a given point and line.
One of the activities in this lesson works best when each student has access to devices that can run the Desmos applet, because students will benefit from seeing the relationship in a dynamic way.
- Comprehend (in spoken and written language) that a parabola is the set of points equidistant from a given focus and directrix.
- Let’s analyze the set of points that are the same distance from a given point and a given line.
Prepare additional copies of the Blank Reference Chart blackline master (double sided, 1 per student). Students can staple the new chart to their full ones as they will need to continue to refer to the whole packet.
Devices are required for the digital version of the activity Into Focus.
- I know that a parabola is the set of points equidistant from a given point and line.
The line that, together with a point called the focus, defines a parabola, which is the set of points equidistant from the focus and directrix.
The point that, together with a line called the directrix, defines a parabola, which is the set of points equidistant from the focus and directrix.
A parabola is the set of points that are equidistant from a given point, called the focus, and a given line, called the directrix.
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