# Lesson 8

Center Day 2

## Warm-up: Number Talk: Add Within 100 (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this Number Talk is to elicit strategies and understandings students have for adding one-digit and two-digit numbers. When recording students’ thinking, record using expressions that match student methods. For example as a student is explaining \(45 + 7\), you may write \(45 + 5 + 2\).

### Launch

- Display one expression.
- “Give me a signal when you have an answer and can explain how you got it.”
- 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

- Record answers and strategy.
- Keep expressions and work displayed.
- Repeat with each expression.

### Student Facing

Find the value of each expression mentally.

- \(68 + 2\)
- \(3 + 68\)
- \(5 + 45\)
- \(45 + 7\)

### Student Response

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### Activity Synthesis

- “How are \(68 + 2\) and \(45 + 5\) alike?” (They both have a value that is a multiple of 10.)
- “How are \(68 + 3\) and \(45 + 7\) alike?” (The ones in both expressions make more than ten, so we can compose a ten to help us add.)

## Activity 1: Introduce Target Numbers, Add Tens or Ones (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to learn stage 2 of the Target Numbers center. Students start with 25, choose a number card and decide whether to add that number of tens or ones. Students play six rounds and the student who gets as close to 95 as possible without going over is the winner.

*MLR8 Discussion Supports.*Prior to playing the game, invite students to make sense of the directions and take turns sharing their understanding with their partner. Listen for and clarify any questions about the directions.

*Advances: Reading, Representing*

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

- Target Numbers Stage 2 Recording Sheet

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Give each group a set of number cards, two recording sheets, and access to connecting cubes in towers of 10 and singles.
- “Take out all of the cards that show 0 or 10.”
- “We are going to learn a new way to play Target Numbers. This time, your goal is to get as close to 95 as you can, without going over. You only get 6 turns. On each turn, you get to decide whether you want to add tens or ones to your number. Let’s play a round together. Each partner starts at 25.”
- Demonstrate drawing a number card.
- “I drew a [4]. Should I add 4 ones or 4 tens? Why?” (You can add 4 tens because that will give you 65. You still have 5 rounds to get to 95. You can add 4 ones to make 29. That gives you more time to add tens.)
- 30 seconds: quiet think time
- 30 seconds: partner discussion
- Share responses.
- “I’m going to add 4 tens, 2 tens and 4 tens is 6 tens. So my sum is 65.”
- “Once my partner and I agree on the sum, the partner who drew the number card records an equation. Since 25 is already filled in for me, I will record the number as tens (or ones) and the sum.”
- Demonstrate completing the equation.
- “After I write my equation, the sum becomes my starting number for the next round, so I write it in as the first number in the next equation.”
- If needed, play another round with the class.
- “Take turns drawing the number card, finding the sum and writing an equation. Each player plays 6 rounds. Whoever gets closest to 95 without going over is the winner.”

### Activity

- 10 minutes: partner work time

### Activity Synthesis

- “When you draw the number card, what is your method for deciding whether to add that many tens or ones?” (I think about how close I am to 95. That helps me think about whether to add ones or tens.)

## Activity 2: Centers: Choice Time (25 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to choose from activities that focus on adding within 100. Students choose from any stage of previously introduced centers.

- Target Numbers
- Number Puzzles
- Five in a Row

*Engagement: Provide Access by Recruiting Interest.*Provide choice and autonomy. Provide access to various tools such as connecting cubes in towers of 10 and singles and mini-whiteboards.

*Supports accessibility for: Organization, Attention*

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Required Preparation

- Gather materials from previous centers:
- Target Numbers, Stages 1 and 2
- Number Puzzles, Stages 1-3
- Five in a Row, Stages 1-5

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Display the student page.
- “Think about which activity you would like to do first.”
- 30 seconds: quiet think time

### Activity

- Invite students to work at the center of their choice.
- 10 minutes: center work time
- “Choose what you would like to do next.”
- 10 minutes: center work time

### Student Facing

Choose a center.

Target Numbers

Number Puzzles

Five in a Row

### Activity Synthesis

- “What is one thing you learned or got better at by working on the activities you chose?”

## Activity 3: Addition Stories [OPTIONAL] (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to experience different contexts in which someone adds a two-digit and a one-digit number. This helps students see math in their world. If necessary, the context of each problem can be changed to something more familiar to the students. This activity is optional because it provides practice solving story problems with numbers larger than 20, which is not an expectation of students in grade 1.

When students create representations and expressions for the context, they develop ways to model the mathematics of a situation and strategies for making sense of and persevering to solve problems (MP1, MP4).

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Give students access to connecting cubes in towers of 10 and singles.

### Activity

- Read the task statement.
- 3 minutes: independent work time
- 3 minutes: partner discussion

### Student Facing

- Priya watched a football game.

The home team scored 35 points in the first half.

In the second half they scored 6 more points.

How many points did they score all together?

Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words. - At the football game, 9 fans cheered for the visiting team.

There were 45 fans who cheered for the home team.

How many fans were at the game all together?

Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.

### Student Response

Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Student Response.

### Activity Synthesis

- Invite students to share the methods used for each problem. Record equations to match each method.

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“How did you and your partner work together during centers? What went well? What can you continue to work on?” (I practiced listening to my partner’s thinking and they practiced listening to mine. I need to work on being more patient with my partner.)