# Lesson 12

What’s the Story?

## Warm-up: Estimation Exploration: How many People? (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of an Estimation Exploration is to practice the skill of estimating a reasonable answer based on experience and known information. For this picture, it is hard to tell how many people there are, so a wide range of responses can be considered “about right.” Students will also use this image in the cool-down, and there is an option for them to use the picture to generate ideas for story problems.

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- “How many people are in the picture?”
- “What is an estimate that’s too high? Too low? About right?”
- 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

- “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
- 1 minute: partner discussion
- Record responses.

### Student Facing

How many people are in the picture?

Record an estimate that is:

too low | about right | too high |
---|---|---|

\(\phantom{\hspace{2.5cm} \\ \hspace{2.5cm}}\) | \(\phantom{\hspace{2.5cm} \\ \hspace{2.5cm}}\) | \(\phantom{\hspace{2.5cm} \\ \hspace{2.5cm}}\) |

### Student Response

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### Activity Synthesis

- “How did you make an estimate that was too low?” (I saw 10 to 20 kids running in front and then a whole lot of people behind them, so I made a low estimate of 50.)
- “How did you make an estimate that was too high?” (It is hard to tell how far back the people go, so I just said 1,000.)
- “Based on this discussion, does anyone want to revise their estimate?”

## Activity 1: What’s the Story? (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is to write story problems for equations with an unknown value. There is a pair of addition and subtraction equations and in each pair one of them has the starting value unknown. Students may write Add To, Take From, Put Together/Take Apart, or Compare problems. When students contextualize the equations and make connections between the stories their peers share and the equations, they reason abstractly and quantitatively (MP2).

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Display list of topics for story problems from the previous lesson.

### Activity

- Split the class into two groups, A and B. The students in group A will work with the equations labeled A and the students in group B will work with the equations labeled B.
- “You will write stories for the 2 equations in A or the 2 equations in B. Consider using the same context for both of your stories. It might make it easier for others to make sense of your stories if they are about the same thing.”
- 5 minutes: independent work time
- “Share your stories with your partner.”
- 5 minutes: group work time

### Student Facing

Your teacher will assign you A or B. For each of your equations, write a story problem that fits the equation.

A Equations

\(23 + \underline{\hspace{1 cm}} = 37\)

\(\underline{\hspace{1 cm}} +9 = 45\)

B Equations

\(73-\underline{\hspace{1 cm}} = 28\)

\(\underline{\hspace{1 cm}} -15 = 18\)

### Student Response

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### Activity Synthesis

- Display text: “There are 23 baseballs in the gym and 37 baseballs on the playground.”
- “This is Andre’s story. Does the equation \(23 + \underline{\hspace{1 cm}} = 37\) represent Andre’s story?” (No, Andre’s story doesn’t have a question or anything happening. It might match, but it needs more information or a question.)
- “How would you improve Andre’s story?” (He could add a question like, “How many more baseballs are on the playground than in the gym?” He could keep it about baseballs, but add some things that happen. He might say someone took the 23 baseballs to the playground and now there are 37 baseballs on the playground and ask how many were already on the playground.)
- Record student suggestions for revising Andre’s story.
- “Does the equation \(23 + \underline{\hspace{1 cm}} = 37\) represent any of these stories now?” (It represents the question about how many more baseballs are on the playground.)

## Activity 2: Make Math Stories (20 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to write math stories. Several options are available for fueling their imagination, including:

- looking at pre-selected images such as the one used in the Estimation Exploration in this lesson or those in the optional blackline master
- looking at images in magazines or newspapers
- looking around the classroom
- going for a walk around the school or community

Whichever source is used for ideas, students write a story problem that connects to mathematical ideas they have found. If students come up with a context, but are not able to count or estimate the quantities they see, display a set of numbers (such as 11, 25, 38, 56, 77, 93) that students can use to write their story problem.

When students write math stories based on images or things in their environment, and eventually answer those questions, they model with mathematics (MP4).

*MLR8 Discussion Supports.*Synthesis: Provide students with the opportunity to rehearse what they will say with a partner before they share with the whole class.

*Advances: Speaking*

*Action and Expression: Develop Expression and Communication.*Provide students with alternatives to writing on paper. Students can share their learning by drawing or creating a picture of their story problem, or verbally by creating a video that tells their story.

*Supports accessibility for: Attention, Organization, Language*

### Required Materials

### Required Preparation

- Gather a see-through container with a collection of connecting cubes (or other math tool or object that might generate different math questions) to display in the launch.
- (Optional) Provide a copy of the blackline master for each group of 2 students.

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Display the see-through container with connecting cubes (or other math tool).
- “What are some math questions you can ask about the connecting cubes?” (How many connecting cubes are there altogether? How many green connecting cubes are there? Are there more blue connecting cubes or yellow connecting cubes? How many more?)
- 1 minute: independent think time
- 1 minute: partner share time
- Share student responses, highlighting in each case how it could be made into a story problem (for example, “How many connecting cubes are there?” could be answered if we knew how many there are of each color.)

### Activity

- “Now, we are going to look for mathematical ideas in _____. Your goal is to take notes about what you see. Focus on things that can be counted, so that you can write a story problem about it.”
- “If you have time, you can count or estimate what you see. If not, write a story without exact quantities, and I will give you numbers that you can use in your story.”
- 8 minutes: math walk
- “Write a story problem and then share with your partner.”
- 8 minutes: partner work time
- Monitor for students who write different types of stories: single-step, two-step, Add To, Take From, Put Together/Take Apart, and Compare.

### Student Facing

Write a story problem.

### Student Response

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### Activity Synthesis

- Invite selected students to share their stories.

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“What is your favorite story that you heard today? Why?”

“Tomorrow you will make a poster to share your story and a solution, and then you’ll look at all of your classmates’ stories.”

## Cool-down: What Could the Question Be? (5 minutes)

### Cool-Down

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