# Lesson 15

Addition and Subtraction Expressions within 5

## Warm-up: Which One Doesn’t Belong: Expressions and Equations (10 minutes)

### Narrative

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Display the image.
- “Pick one that doesn’t belong. Be ready to share why it doesn’t belong.”
- 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

- “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
- 2–3 minutes: partner discussion
- Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

Which one doesn’t belong?

### Student Response

Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Student Response.

### Activity Synthesis

- “Let’s find at least one reason why each one doesn’t belong.”

## Activity 1: Four Corners: Totals and Differences (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to fluently add and subtract within 5. Students look at the expression on their card and move quickly to the corner that is labeled with the correct answer. There are 16 expression cards included in the blackline master.

*MLR8 Discussion Supports.*Invite students to read the expression card aloud to each partner. Listen for and clarify any questions about the the expressions.

*Advances: Conversing*

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Required Preparation

- Each student needs one card from the Expression Cards set used in a previous lesson.
- Label each corner of the classroom with a large number: 2, 3, 4, and 5.

### Launch

- Give each student an expression card.
- “Find the value of the expression on your card. Go to the corner that is labeled with the value of the expression.”

### Activity

- 30 seconds: independent work time
- “Find a partner in your corner. Show them your card and tell them how you found the value of your expression.”
- 2 minutes: partner discussion
- “Walk back to the center of the room. Trade your card with a partner.”
- Repeat the steps above 3–4 times, as time allows.

### Activity Synthesis

- Display the expression \(3 - 1\).
- “Noah saw this expression and went to the corner labeled 4. Was he correct? How do you know?” (No, because this is 3 take away 1 and that is 2.)
- “Why do you think he went to the corner labeled 4?” (He might have thought it was \(3 + 1\) instead of \(3 - 1\).)

## Activity 2: Compare Expressions (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to compare the total or difference of expressions. Students may add or subtract to find the value or they may decide which expression is greater based on reasoning about operations or the number sequence (MP7). For example, students know that \(4 + 1\) is greater than \(4 - 3\) because one is adding to 4 and the other is taking away. As a variation, the student whose card has an expression with a lesser value takes both cards.

*Engagement: Develop Effort and Persistence.*Invite students to agree on a set amount of wait time before yelling out “Me!”. For example, both students flip over cards, wait 15 seconds and then share their statements after the set amount of wait time.

*Supports accessibility for: Social-Emotional Functioning, Attention*

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Required Preparation

- Each group of 2 needs a set of Expression Cards from a previous lesson.

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Give each group of students a set expression cards.
- Invite each student to make a pile with half of the cards.
- “You and your partner will both flip over a card. Look at both expressions. If your expression shows the number that is more, say ‘Me!’ and then explain to your partner how you know. If both expressions show the same number, say ‘Same!’”
- Display two expression cards: \(2 + 0\) and \(4 + 1\).
- “Which expression shows a number that is more?” (\(4 + 1\) is more than \(2 + 0\). I know that because 4 and 1 more is 5, which is more than 2.)

### Activity

- “Take turns playing with your partner until you run out of cards.”
- 8 minutes: partner work time

### Student Response

Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Student Response.

### Activity Synthesis

- Display cards with \(4 - 2\) and \(2 + 0\).
- “Tell your partner about these expressions using ‘less’ or ‘the same number as.’” (\(4 -2\) is the same number as \(2 + 0\). They are both 2.)

## Activity 3: Centers: Choice Time (15 minutes)

### Narrative

- 5-frames
- Roll and Add
- Bingo
- Geoblocks
- Find the Value of Expressions

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Required Preparation

- Gather materials from:
- 5-frames
- Roll and Add
- Bingo
- Geoblocks
- Find the Value of Expressions

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- “Today we are going to choose from centers we have already learned.”
- Display the center choices in the student book.
- “Think about what you would like to do first.”
- 30 seconds: quiet think time

### Activity

- Invite students to work at the center of their choice.
- 10 minutes: center work time

### Student Facing

Choose a center.

5-frames

Roll and Add

Bingo

Geoblocks

Find the Value of Expressions

### Activity Synthesis

- “Tell your partner about a time when you used a math tool to help you during centers. How did the tool help you?”

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Today we found the value of expressions and compared expressions.”

Invite students to stand up on the carpet.

“I’m going to say and write a number or expression. Your job is to work together to get into groups of the correct number. If you can’t find a group, stand in the middle of the carpet. If you need another person in your group, find someone in the middle of the carpet.”

“Get into groups of 3.”

“Get into groups of \(3 + 2\).”

“Get into groups of \(2 + 0\).”

“Get into groups of 4.”

“Get into groups of 2.”

“Get into groups of \(2 - 1\).”

## Cool-down: Addition and Subtraction Expressions (5 minutes)

### Cool-Down

Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Cool-Downs.