In this lesson students learn that the volume of a cylinder is the area of the base times the height, just like a prism. This is accomplished by considering 1-unit-tall layers of a rectangular prism side by side with 1-unit-tall layers of a cylinder. After thinking about how to compute the volume of specific cylinders, students learn the general formulas \(V=Bh\) and \(V=\pi r^2 h\).
In the warm-up, students recall that a circle’s area can be determined given its radius or diameter. Students also become familiar with what is meant by radius and height as those terms apply to cylinders. Next, students compute the volume of a cylinder by multiplying the area of its base by its height. Finally, students compute volumes given radius and height, and find radius or height given a cylinder’s volume and the other dimension by reasoning about the structure of the volume formula.
- Calculate the value of one dimension of a cylinder, and explain (orally and in writing) the reasoning.
- Calculate the volume of a cylinder, and compare and contrast (orally) the formula for volume of a cylinder with the formula for volume of a prism.
- I can find missing information about a cylinder if I know its volume and some other information.
- I know the formula for volume of a cylinder.
base (of a prism or pyramid)
The word base can also refer to a face of a polyhedron.
A prism has two identical bases that are parallel. A pyramid has one base.
A prism or pyramid is named for the shape of its base.
A cone is a three-dimensional figure like a pyramid, but the base is a circle.
A cross section is the new face you see when you slice through a three-dimensional figure.
For example, if you slice a rectangular pyramid parallel to the base, you get a smaller rectangle as the cross section.
A cylinder is a three-dimensional figure like a prism, but with bases that are circles.
A prism is a type of polyhedron that has two bases that are identical copies of each other. The bases are connected by rectangles or parallelograms.
Here are some drawings of prisms.
A pyramid is a type of polyhedron that has one base. All the other faces are triangles, and they all meet at a single vertex.
Here are some drawings of pyramids.
A sphere is a three-dimensional figure in which all cross-sections in every direction are circles.
The surface area of a polyhedron is the number of square units that covers all the faces of the polyhedron, without any gaps or overlaps.
For example, if the faces of a cube each have an area of 9 cm2, then the surface area of the cube is \(6 \boldcdot 9\), or 54 cm2.
Volume is the number of cubic units that fill a three-dimensional region, without any gaps or overlaps.
For example, the volume of this rectangular prism is 60 units3, because it is composed of 3 layers that are each 20 units3.
Print Formatted Materials
Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Cool Down, Teacher Guide, and PowerPoint materials.
|Student Task Statements||docx|
|Cumulative Practice Problem Set||docx|
|Cool Down||(log in)'|
|Teacher Guide||(log in)'|
|Teacher Presentation Materials||docx|
|Google Slides||(log in)'|
|PowerPoint Slides||(log in)'|