Lesson 5

Make a Ten

Lesson Purpose

The purpose of this lesson is for students to add a two-digit number and a one-digit number within 100, with composing a ten, in a way that makes sense to them.

Lesson Narrative

In previous lessons, students added within 100 using place value understanding and properties of operations. They described adding tens to tens and ones to ones without composing a new ten. In previous units, students added within 20 using methods such as counting on, making ten, or using known facts.

In this lesson, students add a one-digit number to a two-digit number in a way that makes sense to them. Students explain their own methods and connect different methods. Students may notice that the value of the sum has more tens than the two-digit addend and connect this to methods that explicitly show composing a new unit of ten from 10 ones.

Activity 3 is an optional activity that encourages students to consider contexts in which we need to add a two-digit and a one-digit number. When students contextualize and decontextualize addition expressions, they reason abstractly and quantitatively (MP2).

  • Action and Expression
  • MLR8

Learning Goals

Teacher Facing

  • Add a one-digit and a two-digit number, with composing a ten, in a way that makes sense to them.

Student Facing

  • Let’s add two-digit and one-digit numbers.

Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

  • Add Em' Up Cards (2-digit and 1-digit numbers to 100)

Required Preparation

Activity 2:

  • Create a set of cards from the blackline master for the class.

CCSS Standards


Lesson Timeline

Warm-up 10 min
Activity 1 20 min
Activity 2 20 min
Activity 3 15 min
Lesson Synthesis 10 min
Cool-down 0 min

Teacher Reflection Questions

Reflect on who participated in math class today. What assumptions are you making about those who did not participate? How can you leverage each of your students’ ideas to support them in being seen and heard in tomorrow’s math class?

Print Formatted Materials

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Student Task Statements pdf docx
Lesson Cover Page pdf docx
Teacher Guide Log In
Teacher Presentation Materials pdf docx
Blackline Masters zip

Additional Resources

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