Lesson 11

Different Ways to Add and Subtract

Lesson Purpose

The purpose of this lesson is for students to represent sums and differences on the number line with an emphasis on the strategy of using a ten to count up or count back.

Lesson Narrative

In previous lessons, students learned to look for ways to decompose a number in an expression to get to a ten when adding or subtracting numbers mentally in Number Talks. They have learned to use this method when adding or subtracting larger numbers which require composing or decomposing a ten.

In this lesson, students use the number line to represent these methods. These methods do not require students to explicitly compose or decompose a ten. The number line helps students see how others use what they know about the structure of whole numbers, properties of operations, and place value (MP7) to add and subtract within 100. The number choices in the expressions used in this lesson are designed to elicit methods based on looking for ways to make a ten or get to a ten. However, many students may prefer to use other strategies or representations, such as base-ten blocks or diagrams, to find the values. Look for ways to connect these students with peers who use different methods and can explain why they chose their method based on what they noticed about the numbers in the expressions.

  • Action and Expression

Learning Goals

Teacher Facing

  • On a number line, represent place value methods for solving addition and subtraction equations that may involve composing or decomposing a ten.

Student Facing

  • Let’s add and subtract by using a ten.

Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

  • Number Line to 100

Required Preparation

CCSS Standards


Lesson Timeline

Warm-up 10 min
Activity 1 15 min
Activity 2 20 min
Lesson Synthesis 10 min
Cool-down 5 min

Teacher Reflection Questions

What evidence are you seeing that students are looking at the relationship between the numbers in an expression to select their method? What progress have you seen students make toward using methods based on the properties of operations and place value?

Suggested Centers

  • Number Puzzles: Addition and Subtraction (1–4), Stage 4: Within 100 with Composing (Addressing)
  • Number Line Scoot (2–3), Stage 1: Twos, Fives, and Tens (Addressing)

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