Lesson 2

Addition and Subtraction Situations

Lesson Purpose

The purpose of this lesson is for students to use addition and subtraction to solve problems within 1,000.

Lesson Narrative

Prior to this grade, students used various strategies and representations to solve problems involving addition and subtraction of multi-digit numbers (first within 100, and then within 1,000).

This lesson enables the teacher to see the strategies and representations that students use, which may include base-ten blocks or diagrams, number lines, or equations. It also elicits what students know about using place value to add or subtract (for instance, combining hundreds and hundreds, tens and tens, and ones and ones). The work here prepares students to learn algorithms for addition and subtraction, which are also grounded in the same ideas.

  • Action and Expression
  • MLR8

Learning Goals

Teacher Facing

  • Solve addition and subtraction problems within 1,000 in a way that makes sense to them.

Student Facing

  • Let’s solve problems involving addition and subtraction.

Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Required Preparation

CCSS Standards


Lesson Timeline

Warm-up 10 min
Activity 1 25 min
Activity 2 10 min
Lesson Synthesis 10 min
Cool-down 5 min

Teacher Reflection Questions

What strategy did you anticipate today? Which did you not anticipate?

Suggested Centers

  • Target Numbers (1–5), Stage 6: Add Hundreds, Tens, or Ones (Addressing)
  • Five in a Row: Addition and Subtraction (1–2), Stage 8: Add within 1,000 with Composing (Addressing)
  • Rectangle Rumble (3–5), Stage 2: Factors 1–5 (Supporting)

Print Formatted Materials

Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Cool Down, Teacher Guide, and PowerPoint materials.

Student Task Statements pdf docx
Lesson Cover Page pdf docx
Cool Down Log In
Teacher Guide Log In
Teacher Presentation Materials pdf docx

Additional Resources

Google Slides Log In
PowerPoint Slides Log In