# Lesson 10

The Numbers in Subtraction

### Lesson Purpose

### Lesson Narrative

In earlier lessons, students explored addition and subtraction of fractions in context and out of context. They used diagrams to represent and find the values of sums and differences, and they also reasoned numerically. Students learned that a non-unit fraction can be decomposed—in at least one way—into a sum of other fractions with the same denominator. They recognized adding and subtracting fractions as joining and removing parts that refer to the same whole.

In this lesson, students apply these insights, as well as their knowledge of equivalent fractions from an earlier unit and from grade 3, to find differences of a whole number and a fraction.

- Representation

Activity 1: What’s Left?

### Learning Goals

Teacher Facing

- Subtract a fraction from a whole number by decomposing the whole number and reasoning about equivalence.

### Student Facing

- Let’s subtract fractions from whole numbers.

### Required Materials

Materials to Copy

- Card Sort: Twelfths

### Required Preparation

Activity 2:

- Create a set of cards for each group of 2.

### CCSS Standards

### Lesson Timeline

Warm-up | 10 min |

Activity 1 | 20 min |

Activity 2 | 15 min |

Lesson Synthesis | 10 min |

Cool-down | 5 min |

### Teacher Reflection Questions

### Suggested Centers

- Compare (1–5), Stage 6: Add and Subtract Fractions (Addressing)
- Rolling for Fractions (3–5), Stage 2: Multiply a Fraction by a Whole Number (Addressing)
- Creating Line Plots (2–5), Stage 2: Quarter Inches (Supporting)

### Print Formatted Materials

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Student Task Statements | docx | |

Lesson Cover Page | docx | |

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Teacher Guide | Log In | |

Teacher Presentation Materials | docx | |

Blackline Masters | zip |