# Lesson 6

Compare and Describe Angles

## Warm-up: Which One Doesn’t Belong: Angles (10 minutes)

### Narrative

This warm-up prompts students to compare four angles. It gives the teacher an opportunity to hear how students use terminology and talk about characteristics of the angles in comparison to one another. This language will be important as students sort and order angles in the lesson activities. During the synthesis, ask students to explain the meaning of any terminology they use, such as angle, ray, point, smaller, larger, flat, upside-down, and so on.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the image.
• “Pick one that doesn’t belong. Be ready to share why it doesn’t belong.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• 2–3 minutes: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

Which one doesn’t belong?

### Activity Synthesis

• “Do the images each show angles? How do you know?” (They each have two rays that share an endpoint. The angle in A doesn’t show arrows, but the line segments are on rays that start at the vertex.)
• “Let’s find at least one reason why each one doesn’t belong.”

## Activity 1: Card Sort: Angles (20 minutes)

### Narrative

Previously, students learned that angles are geometric figures made up of two rays that share a common endpoint. The purpose of this activity is for students to compare angles using the language that makes sense to them. As students look for ways to sort the cards into different categories, they have a reason to look for and describe the parts of the angles that make them different (MP7). Students may describe:

• the orientation of the rays
• the length of the segments used to represent the rays
• the point that the rays share
• the distance or “space” between the rays or other invented descriptions of the size of the angles

MLR2 Collect and Display is used during the synthesis of the lesson to record and organize the language students use to describe parts of angles and their size. Encourage students to notice differences in the ways they attempt to compare the angles. This work helps elicit the need for more precise vocabulary to describe angle size and ways to measure angles.

Here are images of the cards for reference:

### Required Materials

Materials to Copy

• Card Sort: Angles

### Required Preparation

• Create one set of cards from the blackline master for each group of 2 students.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group a set of cards from the blackline master.

### Activity

MLR2 Collect and Display
• “With your partner, sort these angles into different categories. Explain the categories you made.”
• Display the chart of words used to describe angles from the previous lesson.
• “As you think about how to sort the angles, it may be helpful to use the chart we created.”
• 3–5 minutes; group work time
• As students work, listen for and collect the language they use to add to the chart.
• Record students’ words and phrases on a visual display and update it throughout the lesson.
• “Now, you’ll compare how you sorted the angles and how another group did it.”
• “When you have partnered up with another group, take a minute to look at their cards without talking. Then ask them questions you have about their categories.”
• Consider posting and encouraging students to use sentence starters such as:
• “I noticed you . . . .”
• “How did you . . . ?”
• “Why did you . . . ?”
• Arrange for each group of 2 to work with another group.
• 1 minute: quiet think time
• 2–3 minutes: group discussion
• Monitor for a variety of ways students sort and explain their sorting decisions.

### Student Facing

Your teacher will give you a set of cards with angles on them.

• Sort the angles into 3 or more categories and in a way that makes sense to you.
• Record your sorted angles here. Write words or phrases to describe each category. Be prepared to explain how you sorted the angles.

### Activity Synthesis

• “How was others’ way of sorting like your group way of sorting?” (We all looked at the length of the drawn rays.)
• “How was their way of sorting different from yours?” (They sorted based on if a ray was pointing horizontally or not. We sorted based on if the rays were open wide or whether they looked like they were closing.)
• “What words did you use to name the categories you created? What words did you hear others use?”
• As students share, update the display of words students use to describe the angles.
• Remind students to borrow language from the display as needed.

## Activity 2: Order Angles (15 minutes)

### Narrative

Previously, students sorted angles in ways that made sense to them. In this activity, students reason about how to compare angles based on a measurable attribute. They are asked to sort the angles from smallest to largest. Students may interpret this prompt in many ways, but all students must begin to reason about how to describe the size of an angle. As students discuss and justify their decisions, they share a mathematical claim and the thinking behind it (MP3).

Accept any way that students compare the angles so long as they can explain how they determine whether an angle is smaller or larger than another. Students may use informal language to describe the size of the angles. For example, they may use “less wide”, “more pointy”, or “less space” to describe smaller angles. They may also reason that an angle that “can fit inside” another angle is smaller. Continue to collect student language during the activity and to offer formal language when appropriate.

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Make sure each group has the angle cards from the previous activity.
• Make patty paper available, if requested.

### Activity

• “Now let’s compare the angles we used in the last activity in a different way.”
• “Order the angles from smallest to largest. Discuss with your partner what you think that might mean. Then, order the cards.”
• 5–7 minutes: partner work time
• As students work, monitor for the language they use and the features of the angles they focus on when ordering their size.

### Student Facing

You will need cards A–P from an earlier activity.

Order the angles on the cards from smallest to largest.

Record your ordered angles. Explain or show how you decided which angle was the smallest and which was the largest.

### Student Response

Some students may focus on the length of the line segments used to represent the rays. This is acceptable for the purposes of this activity, but encourage students to explain what they mean. Check that they understand that rays extend forever in one direction.

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite 2–3 groups who ordered the angles in different ways to share.
• “What features of the angle did you focus on?”
• “How did you determine whether an angle was smaller or larger?”
• “There is a standard way of measuring the size of angles.”
• Display angles organized from smallest to largest: L, B, G, H, C, D, A (and F, K, P), O, J, E, M, N, I.
• “These angles are ordered from the smallest angle measure to the largest angle measure.”
• “How is this the same as how you ordered the angles? How is it different?” (The smallest is the same in both. The largest are different, and the ones in middle are also different.)

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Today we compared different angles. We sorted them in different ways and ordered them based on their size. We saw that we can describe angles and interpret their size in many different ways.”

Display the chart used to collect the words students have used to describe angles.

“What questions do you have about describing and comparing angles? What do you need to know more about to describe and compare the size of angles?” (How do we measure angles? Can we use a ruler? What do we measure? Do we use inches or something else?)

Record student responses.