# Lesson 1

Make 2 Parts

## Warm-up: Notice and Wonder: 2 Pictures (10 minutes)

### Narrative

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Display the image.
- “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
- 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

- “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
- 1 minute: partner discussion
- Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

What do you notice?

What do you wonder?

### Student Response

### Activity Synthesis

- “What is the same about these pictures? What is different?” (They both have 5. The first picture is 1 big group but the second picture is 2 groups.)

## Activity 1: 6 Connecting Cubes (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to decompose 6 into 2 parts. Students see that the total number of cubes remains the same when it is decomposed into 2 parts. Although students may notice that they can do this in different ways, that idea is not the focus until the next activity.

*MLR8 Discussion Supports.*Display and encourage students to use the following sentence frames: “I have _____ cubes in my hand”, “I have _____ cubes on my desk,” and “I have _____ cubes altogether.”

*Advances: Speaking, Reading, Representing*

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Required Preparation

- Each student needs 6 connecting cubes.

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Give each student 6 connecting cubes.

### Activity

- “You have 6 cubes. Put some of the cubes in your hand and some on your desk.”
- 30 seconds: independent work time
- “Tell your partner how many cubes are in your hand. Show them the cubes.”
- “Tell your partner how many cubes are on your desk. Show them the cubes.”
- “Tell your partner how many cubes you have altogether.”

### Student Response

### Activity Synthesis

- Invite a student to share.
- “How many cubes did you have in your hand? How many cubes were on your desk?”
- Write an expression to represent the parts.
- “How many cubes did you have in all?” (6)
- “The total number of cubes stays the same when we break them up into 2 parts.”

## Activity 2: Diego’s and Lin’s Connecting Cubes (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to see that numbers can be decomposed in different ways. Students analyze two different ways that 4 cubes are decomposed into two groups. They determine that although they are decomposed into different-sized parts, they both represent a total of 4.

*Action and Expression: Develop Expression and Communication.*Give students access to 5-frames so that they can place connecting cubes in them in order to verify the number of cubes they have in all. Invite students to use the 5-frames to help them keep track of the total number of cubes.

*Supports accessibility for: Organization, Conceptual Processing*

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Give students access to connecting cubes.
- “Diego and Lin also put some cubes in their hands and some on their desks. Diego has 3 in his hand and 1 on his desk. He says he has 4 cubes altogether. Lin has 2 in her hand and 2 on her desk. She also says she has 4 cubes total. Can they both have 4 cubes altogether?”

### Activity

- 3 minutes: partner discussion
- Monitor for students who count the groups to determine that both students have 4 even though they are broken into different parts.

### Student Facing

Diego’s cubes

Lin’s cubes

### Student Response

### Activity Synthesis

- “Do Diego and Lin both have 4 cubes?”
- Invite previously identified students to share.
- “What parts did Diego break 4 into? (3 and 1)
- Write \(3 + 1\).
- “What parts did Lin break 4 into?” (2 and 2)
- Write \(2 + 2\).
- “Diego and Lin showed us that we can break numbers apart in different ways.”

## Activity 3: Introduce Check It Off, Add Within 10 (25 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to learn stage 1 of the Check It Off center. Students take turns picking two number cards (0–5) to make and find the value of an addition expression. Students check off the total and then write the addition expression on the recording sheet.

After they participate in the center, students choose from any stage of previously introduced centers.

- Find the Value of Expressions
- Bingo
- Shake and Spill

Students will choose from these centers throughout the section. Keep materials from these centers organized to use each day.

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

- Check It Off Stage 1 Recording Sheet Kindergarten

### Required Preparation

- Gather materials from:
- Find the Value of Expressions, Stage 1
- Bingo, Stages 1–3
- Shake and Spill, Stages 1–3

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Give each group of students a set of number cards and each student a recording sheet.
- “We are going to learn a center called Check It Off. You and your partner will take turns choosing two number cards. Find the total of the two numbers, and check off the total on your recording sheet. Then fill in an expression.”

### Activity

- 10 minutes: partner work time
- “Now you can choose another center. You can also continue playing Check It Off.”
- Display the center choices in the student book.
- Invite students to work at the center of their choice.
- 10 minutes: center work time

### Student Facing

Choose a center.

Check it Off

Bingo

Find the Value of

Expressions

Shake and Spill

### Activity Synthesis

- “Choose 1 expression that you wrote on your recording sheet. Tell your partner how you can find the value of that expression.”

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Today we noticed that if we break a group of objects into 2 parts, we still have the same number of objects.”

Display 5 connecting cubes.

“How many cubes are there altogether?” (5)

Separate the connecting cubes into a group of 1 and a group of 4.

“How many cubes are there altogether?” (5)

“How many cubes are in each part?” (1 and 4)

Write “\(1 + 4\)”.

“There are 5 cubes. 5 is \(1 + 4\).”

## Cool-down: Unit 5, Section A Checkpoint (0 minutes)

### Cool-Down

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