# Lesson 8

## Warm-up: Cuál es diferente: Grupos de 10 (10 minutes)

### Narrative

This warm-up prompts students to compare four images. It gives students a reason to use language precisely (MP6). It provides an opportunity for the teacher to hear how students use mathematical language to describe characteristics of the items in comparison to one another.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the image.
• “Escojan uno que sea diferente. Prepárense para compartir por qué es diferente” // “Pick one that doesn’t belong. Be ready to share why it doesn’t belong.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• “Discutan con su pareja lo que pensaron” // “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
• 2–3 minutes: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

¿Cuál es diferente?

### Activity Synthesis

• “Encontremos al menos una razón por la que cada uno es diferente” // “Let’s find at least one reason why each one doesn’t belong.”

## Activity 1: Contemos colecciones: Cuenta y muestra cuántos hay (20 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to count a collection of objects and show on paper how many there are so that others can understand how they counted. This collection of objects is a teen number of connecting cubes to encourage students to unitize a ten (MP7). In the synthesis, students consider representations that show a group of 10 cubes.

MLR7 Compare and Connect. Synthesis: After students have shared where 10 is in each representation, lead a discussion comparing, contrasting, and connecting the different approaches. Ask, “¿Cómo se ve el 10 en cada método?” // “How did 10 show up in each method?” and “¿Por qué funcionaron los diferentes métodos?” // “Why did the different approaches work?”

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

• Counting Collections Stages 1 and 2 Recording Sheet, Spanish

### Required Preparation

• Each group of 2 needs a bag of 16 single connecting cubes.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group a bag of connecting cubes and access to 10-frames.
• “Su tarea es averiguar cuántos cubos hay en la bolsa” // “Your job is to figure out how many cubes are in the bag.”
• “¿Cómo podemos asegurarnos de que ambos compañeros cuenten?” // “How can we make sure both partners are counting?”
• “¿Qué verían si contamos juntos?, ¿qué escucharían?” // “What might it look like to count together? What might it sound like?”
• “¿Cómo podemos tomar decisiones juntos sobre cómo contamos?” // “How can we make decisions together about how we count?”

### Activity

• “Cuenten la colección con su compañero. Cada uno va a mostrar en una hoja cuántos hay y va a mostrar cómo los contó” // “Work with your partner to count the collection. Each partner will show on paper how many there are and show how you counted them.”
• 10 minutes: partner work time
• “Intercambien su representación con alguien de otra pareja. ¿Pueden entender cómo contó la otra pareja? Expliquen cómo contaron ellos” // “Trade your representation with someone from another group. Can you understand how the other group counted? Explain how they counted.”
• 3 minutes: partner discussion
• Monitor for students who counted and represented their count by:
• ones, in an organized way such as a row or tower of 16
• a group of 10 and some ones
• a tower of 10 and some ones

### Student Response

If students leave the objects scattered as they count, consider asking:

• “¿Cómo contaste los objetos?” // “How did you count the objects?”
• “¿Cómo puedes organizar los objetos mientras cuentas para saber que contaste cada uno de ellos?” // “How can you organize the objects as you count so you know you counted each one?”

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite previously identified students to share in the sequence above.
• “¿En qué se parecen estas representaciones?, ¿en qué son diferentes?” // “How are these representations the same? How are they different?” (They all show there are 16 cubes, some show counting by ones, some are organized in rows, some made a group of 10 and counted on.)
• “¿Dónde ven 10 en cada representación?” // “Where is 10 in each representation?” (In _____’s representation, you see the 10 when they count up to it by ones, in _____’s representation, they circled 10 ones to show 10, in _____’s representation they connected 10 and wrote 10 before counting on to 16.)

## Activity 2: Construyamos números del 11 al 19 (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to compose a teen number as one ten and some ones. In the launch, students look at an example of cubes arranged in a tower of 10 and singles. Then students build teen numbers out of connecting cubes using a tower of 10 cubes. As students share their thinking, the teacher draws a tower of 10 units and some ones. For example, a student may say, “I have a tower of ten, and made a line with the 4 other cubes, 11, 12, 13, 14.” The teacher draws: 14

If students do not specifically describe their arrangement, the teacher should ask students, “¿Cómo organizaron las unidades?” // “How did you arrange the ones?” before drawing them.

Some students may connect the cubes that represent ones in their representation, but it is important that the teacher draw and label them as separate units.

Representation: Develop Language and Symbols. Invite students to explain their thinking orally using the cubes, as an alternative to the written explanation.
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Processing, Language

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the image of 14 connecting cubes or show actual cubes.
• “Clare contó sus cubos y los organizó así. ¿Qué observan? ¿Qué se preguntan?” // “Clare was counting her cubes and arranged them like this. What do you notice? What do you wonder?” (She made a tower with 10 cubes and put 4 more off to the side. Altogether there are 14 cubes.)
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share responses.

### Activity

• 6 minutes: partner work time
• Monitor for students who represented 15, 16, and 17 to display in the lesson synthesis.

### Student Facing

Escoge 4 números para representarlos.
Márcalos.

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

Usa cubos encajables para mostrar cada número como lo hizo Clare.

¿De qué te diste cuenta mientras mostrabas cada número?

### Student Response

If students make a tower with more or less than 10 cubes, consider asking:

• “¿Cuántos cubos hay en tu torre? ¿Cómo lo sabes?” // “How many cubes are in your tower? How do you know?”
• “¿Cuántos cubos había en la torre de Clare? ¿Puedes hacer una torre que tenga el mismo número de cubos?” // “How many cubes were in Clare's tower? Can you make a tower with the same number of cubes?”

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite previously identified students to share their representations.
• Record with a diagram.
• “¿De qué se dieron cuenta mientras mostraban estos números con cubos encajables?” // “What did you notice as you were showing these numbers with connecting cubes?” (They all had a tower of 10.)
• “Los números que formamos hoy se llaman números del 11 al 19. Un número del 11 al 19 es un número que tiene una decena y de una a nueve unidades” // “The numbers we made today are called teen numbers. A teen number is a number with one ten and between one and nine ones.”

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

Display a base-ten drawing of 14.

“Hoy mostramos números del 11 al 19 con cubos encajables. Podemos decir que 14 es una decena y 4 unidades. ¿Cómo se muestran una decena y 4 unidades en esta representación?” //  “Today we showed teen numbers with connecting cubes. We can say 14 is a ten and 4 ones. How does this representation show a ten and 4 ones?” (There are 10 cubes in the tower, so that is why it is called a ten. There are 4 single cubes left over. That shows the 4 ones.)

Label the representation with 10 and 4. “También podemos decir que 14 es 10 y 4. Podemos escribir la ecuación $$10 + 4 = 14$$” // “We can also say that 14 is 10 and 4. We can write the equation $$10 + 4 = 14$$.”

“Si tengo una colección que tiene 1 decena y 6 unidades, ¿cuántos hay en mi colección? ¿Qué ecuación representa esto?” // “If I have a collection with 1 ten and 6 ones, how many are in my collection? What equation represents this?” ($$10 + 6 = 16$$)

“Si tengo 19 en mi colección, ¿cómo puedo mostrar eso con cubos?” // “If I have 19 in my collection, how can I show that with cubes?” (1 tower of ten and 9 ones)
“¿Qué ecuación puedo escribir?” // “What equation can I write?” ($$10 + 9 = 19$$)