# Lesson 19

Formas de dividir números más grandes

### Narrative

The purpose of this True or False is to reinforce the relationship between tens and ones (that 1 ten is equal to 10 ones, or 1 group of 10 is 10 groups of 1). This will be helpful when students use base-ten blocks to represent division and decompose tens into ones to facilitate the process of dividing. It also allows students to practice finding the product of a one-digit whole number and a multiple of 10.

### Launch

• Display one statement.
• “Hagan una señal cuando sepan si la afirmación es verdadera o no, y puedan explicar cómo lo saben” // “Give me a signal when you know whether the statement is true and can explain how you know.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• Share and record answers and strategy.
• Repeat with each statement.

### Student Facing

En cada caso, decide si la afirmación es verdadera o falsa. Prepárate para explicar tu razonamiento.

• $$4 \times 10 = 40 \times 1$$
• $$4 \times 20 = 4 \times 2 \times 10$$
• $$8 \times 20 = 8 \times 2 \times 1$$
• $$8 \times 20 = 16 \times 10$$

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿Cómo pueden justificar su respuesta sin encontrar el valor de ambos lados?” // “How can you justify your answer without finding the value of both sides?”
• “¿Alguien puede expresar el razonamiento de _____ de otra forma?” // “Who can restate _____’s reasoning in a different way?”
• “¿Alguien quiere agregar algo al razonamiento de  _____?” // “Does anyone want to add on to _____’s reasoning?”

## Activity 1: Dividamos con bloques en base diez (20 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to use strategies based on place value to find quotients greater than 10. Students use base-ten blocks to represent quotients with single-digit divisors, for which it is intuitive to think of the divisor as the number of groups. In a later activity, students will be reminded that the divisor can also be interpreted as the size of each group.

Working with base-ten blocks encourages students to divide out the tens and then the ones, and to see that sometimes it is necessary to decompose one or more tens to finish putting the dividend into equal groups. When students represent a quotient using base-ten blocks they reason abstractly and quantitatively (MP2).

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Synthesis: Some students may benefit from the opportunity to rehearse what they will say with a partner before they share with the whole class.
Representation: Internalize Comprehension. Synthesis: Invite students to identify which details were most important when deciding how to divide up the blocks. Display the sentence frame: “La próxima vez que use bloques en base diez para dividir, buscaré / prestaré atención a . . .” // “The next time I use base-ten blocks to divide, I will look for/pay attention to . . . .“
Supports accessibility for: Visual-Spatial Processing, Attention

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group base-ten blocks.
• “Usen bloques en base diez para representar $$39 \div 3$$” // “Use base-ten blocks to represent $$39 \div 3$$.”
• 1–2 minutes: independent work time
• Select a student who divided the blocks into 3 groups of 13 to share their final representation, such as:
• “¿Por qué hay 3 grupos?” // “Why are there 3 groups?” (We are dividing by 3.)
• “¿Cómo se pudieron haber dividido los bloques para que terminaran de esta forma?” // “How could the blocks have been divided to end up like this?” (The tens were put into 3 groups and then ones placed one by one into 3 groups until none were left.)
• Highlight that the blocks could have been divided up by the tens and then the ones.

### Activity

• “Trabajen con su compañero en el primer problema” // “Work with your partner on the first problem.”
• 5 minutes: partner work time
• Pause for a discussion.
• “¿En qué fue diferente usar los bloques para encontrar $$45 \div 3$$ a usarlos para encontrar $$55 \div 5$$?” // “What was different about using the blocks to find $$45 \div 3$$ and using them to find $$55 \div 5$$?” (For $$45 \div 3$$, it was necessary to decompose 1 ten to finish putting 45 into 3 equal groups. That’s not necessary for $$55 \div 5$$ because there was already the right number of tens and ones to make the 5 groups.)
• “Ahora, individualmente, encuentren el valor de los cocientes del segundo problema” // “Now, work independently to find the value of quotients in the second problem.”
• 6–8 minutes: independent work time

### Student Facing

1. Usa bloques en base diez para representar cada expresión. Después, encuentra su valor.

1. $$55 \div 5$$
2. $$45 \div 3$$
2. Encuentra el valor de cada expresión. Usa bloques en base diez si crees que te pueden ayudar.

1. $$63 \div 3$$
2. $$84 \div 7$$
3. $$100 \div 5$$

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite students to share their responses and reasoning for the last set of quotients.
• Ask students who used base-ten blocks or drew diagrams: “¿Fue necesario descomponer alguna decena en unidades para dividir?” // “Was it necessary to decompose any of the tens into ones to divide?” (It wasn’t necessary for $$63 \div 3$$ because there was already the right number of tens and ones to put into 3 groups. It wasn’t necessary for $$100 \div 5$$ because I started with 10 tens and there was already the right number of tens to put into 5 groups.)
• “¿Por qué fue necesario o útil descomponer las decenas de 84?” // “Why was it necessary or helpful to decompose the tens in 84?” (After putting 7 tens in 7 groups, there’s still 1 ten and 4 ones. The 1 ten couldn’t be split into 7 groups.)

## Activity 2: Diferentes formas de mostrar la división (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is to show that the two meanings of division still apply when dividing larger numbers and that, in some cases, one interpretation may be more helpful than the other.

Students first analyze two ways of using base-ten blocks to represent $$65 \div 5$$ and see that the divisor, 5, can be interpreted to mean the number of groups or the size of one group. They then consider how they might interpret and represent the divisor in other quotients. The reasoning here prepares students to reason more strategically as they divide larger numbers.

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

• Groups or 2–4
• Give base-ten blocks to each group.
• Ask students to keep their materials closed.
• “Usen bloques en base diez para encontrar el valor de $$60 \div 5$$” // “Use base-ten blocks to find the value of $$60 \div 5$$.”
• 1–2 minutes: independent work time

### Activity

• “Ahora observen el trabajo de Jada y de Han en la actividad. ¿Quién de ellos representó la división de la misma forma en que ustedes lo hicieron?” // “Now take a look at Jada and Han's work in the activity. Which of them represented the division the same way you did?”
• “Con su compañero, denle sentido al trabajo de Jada y de Han, y completen el primer problema” // “Work with your partner to make sense of Jada’s and Han’s work and complete the first problem.”
• Pause for a brief discussion.
• “¿En qué son diferentes las representaciones de Jada y de Han? ¿Cómo interpretó cada uno $$60 \div 5$$?” // “How was Jada’s and Han’s representation different? How did each of them interpret $$60 \div 5$$?” (Jada saw the 5 as the number of groups. Han saw the 5 as the number in each group.)
• Poll the class on how they interpreted $$60 \div 5$$ when they represented it during the launch.
• “Ahora trabajen individualmente en el segundo grupo de problemas” // “Now, work independently on the second set of problems.”
• 5 minutes: independent work time

### Student Facing

Jada y Han usaron bloques en base diez para representar $$60 \div 5$$.

Este es el trabajo de Jada:

1. Dale sentido al trabajo de Jada y de Han.

1. ¿Cómo se diferencia lo que hicieron?
2. ¿En qué parte del trabajo de cada uno vemos el valor de $$60 \div 5$$?
2. ¿Cómo usarías bloques en base diez para poder representar estas expresiones y encontrar su valor? Prepárate para explicar tu razonamiento.

1. $$64 \div 4$$: ¿Harías 4 grupos o grupos de 4?
2. $$72 \div 6$$: ¿Harías 6 grupos o grupos de 6?
3. $$75 \div 15$$: ¿Harías 15 grupos o grupos de 15?

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite students to share their responses and reasoning for the last set of problems.
• “¿Cómo decidieron si el divisor, o sea el número entre el cual estamos dividiendo, es el número de grupos o la cantidad en cada grupo?” // “How did you decide whether the divisor, the number we’re dividing by, is the number of groups or the amount in each group?” (It depends on the number. In the first two problems, the divisor was 4 and 6, so it was easier to think about 4 groups and 6 groups. In the last problem, the divisor was 15. It was easier to think about how many groups of 15 are in 75 than to think about making 15 groups from 75.)

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Hoy recordamos que el divisor de una expresión de división se puede ver como el número de grupos o el tamaño de cada grupo” // “Today, we recalled that the divisor in a division expression can be seen as the number of groups or the size of each group.”

Display: $$96 \div 8$$

“Si representaran este cociente con bloques en base diez, ¿pondrían 9 decenas y 6 unidades en 8 grupos, o las pondrían en grupos de 8?” // “If you are representing this quotient with base-ten blocks, would you put 9 tens and 6 ones in 8 groups, or would you put them into groups of 8?” (I would put them into 8 groups. Eight of the tens can go into 8 groups easily. The 1 remaining ten and 6 ones make 16 ones, so 2 ones go in each group. I would put them into groups of 8. I know 10 groups of 8 is 80, so that takes care of the 8 tens. The 1 remaining ten and 6 ones make 16, which is 2 groups of 8.)