# Lesson 6

Contemos y actuemos historias

## Warm-up: Cuántos ves: Agregar (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this How Many Do You See is for students to subitize or use grouping strategies to describe the images they see.

When students notice that dots are being added on with each image, they look for and make use of structure (MP7).

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• “¿Cuántos ven? ¿Cómo lo saben?, ¿qué ven?” // “How many do you see? How do you see them?”
• Flash image.
• 30 seconds: quiet think time

### Activity

• Display image.
• “Discutan con su compañero lo que pensaron” // “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Record responses.
• Repeat for each image.

### Student Facing

¿Cuántos ves?
¿Cómo lo sabes?, ¿qué ves?

### Activity Synthesis

• Display the first and third images.
• “¿Qué cambió del primer grupo de puntos al tercer grupo de puntos?” // “What changed from the first group of dots to the third group of dots.” (2 more dots were added.)
• “El tercer grupo tiene 4 puntos y 2 puntos más. Eso lo podemos escribir como ‘4 y 2’ o ‘$$4 + 2$$’” // “The third group has 4 dots and 2 more dots. We can write that as ‘4 and 2’ or ‘$$4 + 2$$’.”

## Activity 1: ¿Qué está ocurriendo? (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to create a story based on a picture. While students may notice and describe many details in the picture, the goal of the activity is for students to tell a story about the mathematical aspects of the picture. The picture allows for multiple interpretations and possible stories. For example, there may have been 5 students jumping rope and 2 students left or there could be 3 students jumping rope and 2 more students waiting for a turn. In the activity synthesis, the teacher writes a story based on a student’s interpretation of the picture.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• “Observen esta imagen de algunos niños. Imagínense lo que creen que está ocurriendo en la imagen. Cuéntenle una historia a su compañero sobre lo que está ocurriendo en la imagen” // “Look at this picture of children. Imagine what you think is happening in the picture. Tell your partner a story about what is happening in the picture.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time
• 1 minutes: partner discussion
• Share responses.
• “Ahora cuenten una historia en la que se usen números para describir lo que está ocurriendo en la imagen” // “Now tell a story that uses numbers to describe what is happening in the picture.”

### Activity

• 1 minute: quiet think time
• 3 minutes: partner discussion
• Share responses.
• Monitor for students who focus on mathematical details of the picture, such as the number of students.

### Activity Synthesis

• Demonstrate writing a story based on students’ interpretation of the picture, such as: “Había 5 niños saltando la cuerda. 2 se fueron a jugar las traes” // “There were 5 kids jumping rope. 2 students left to go play tag.”
• “Podemos usar números y símbolos para mostrar lo que ocurrió en la historia. Podemos escribir ‘5 quitando 2’ o ‘$$5 - 2$$’” // “We can use numbers and symbols to show what happened in the story. We can write ‘5 take away 2’ or ‘$$5 - 2$$’.”
• “En la siguiente actividad, escucharán y actuarán una historia como la que acabamos de escribir” // “In the next activity, you will hear and act out a story like the one we just wrote.”

## Activity 2: Actuemos una historia (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to make sense of Add To and Take From stories by acting them out. The stories are about students at recess, so the context is accessible for students and easy to act out. The contexts can be adjusted to reflect the things that students like to do at recess that are shared during the launch. Students act out the stories in small groups.

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Think aloud and use gestures to emphasize what’s happening in the story. For example, use hand gestures to demonstrate 3 students leaving with the verbal description of the story “3 de los estudiantes tuvieron que entrar” // “3 of the students had to go inside”.
Engagement: Develop Effort and Persistence. Invite students to generate a list of shared expectations for group work. Ask students to share explicit examples of what those expectations would look like in this activity.
Supports accessibility for: Social-Emotional Functioning

### Launch

• Groups of 6
• “¿Qué les gusta jugar en el recreo?” // “What do you like to play at recess?”
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.
• “Actúen con su compañero una cosa que les gusta hacer en el recreo” // “Work with your partner to act out one thing that you like to do at recess.”
• 3 minutes: partner work time
• “Ahora vamos a escuchar y a actuar algunas historias sobre estudiantes que juegan en el recreo. Cierren sus ojos e imaginen lo que ocurre en la historia” // “Now we are going to hear and act out some stories about students playing at recess. Close your eyes and picture what is happening in the story.”
• 30 seconds: independent think time
• “Cuéntenle a su compañero lo que ocurrió en la historia” // “Tell your partner what happened in the story.”
• Monitor for students who accurately retell the story. Choose at least one student to share with the class.

### Activity

• “Ahora, van a actuar la historia en sus grupos” // “Now you will get to act out the story in your groups.”
• Assign groups to different parts of the room. Read the story again as students act out the story.
• If needed, ask “¿Cómo pueden mostrar que había 4 estudiantes saltando la cuerda?” // “How can you show that there were 4 students jumping rope?” and “¿Cómo pueden mostrar que 2 estudiantes más salieron a jugar con ellos?” // “How can you show that 2 more came out to play with them?”
• 5 minutes: small-group work time
• Repeat the steps with the story about students playing soccer.

### Student Facing

1. Había 4 estudiantes saltando la cuerda en el recreo.
2 estudiantes más salieron a jugar con ellos.
2. Había 6 estudiantes jugando fútbol en el recreo.
3 de los estudiantes tuvieron que entrar.

### Student Response

If students retell the the first part of the story but not the action, consider asking:

• “Cuéntame lo que ocurrió en la historia” // “Tell me about what happened in the story.”
• Reread the story and ask “6 estudiantes estaban jugando fútbol en el recreo. ¿Qué ocurrió después?” //“6 students were playing soccer at recess. What happened next?”

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿Qué fue lo primero que hicieron para actuar esta historia?” // “What did you do first to act out this story?” (First we acted like we were all playing soccer.)
• “¿Qué hicieron después para actuar esta historia?” // “What did you do next to act out this story?” (Then 3 people walked away.)
• “¿Cómo supieron que 3 personas debían dejar el grupo?” // “How did you know that 3 people should leave the group?” (Because in the story, 3 of the kids had to go inside.)
• “Las palabras de una historia nos ayudan a entender lo que ocurre. Podemos usar números y símbolos para mostrar lo que ocurrió en la historia. Podemos escribir ‘6 quitando 3’ o ‘$$6 - 3$$’” // “The words in a story help us figure out what is happening. We can use numbers and symbols to show what happened in the story. We can write ‘6 take away 3’ or ‘$$6 - 3$$’.”

## Activity 3: Conozcamos “Torres para restar: Objetos” (20 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to learn stage 1 of the Subtraction Towers center activity. Students build a tower, roll to determine how many cubes to subtract, and count to determine how many cubes are left.

After they participate in the center, students choose from any stage of previously introduced centers.

• 5-frames
• Build Shapes
• Counting Collections

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

• Number Mat 1–5

### Required Preparation

• Each group of 2 needs 10 connecting cubes.
• Gather materials from:
• 5-frames, Stages 1 and 2
• Build Shapes, Stages 1 and 2
• Counting Collections, Stage 1

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group of students 10 connecting cubes and a number mat.
• “Vamos a conocer un centro que se llama ‘Torres para restar’” // “We are going to learn a center called Subtraction Towers.”
• Display a connecting cube tower with 7 cubes.
• “¿Cuántos cubos hay en la torre?” // “How many cubes are in the tower?”
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• Share responses.
• “Si tengo que restar, o quitar, 3 cubos de mi torre, ¿qué debo hacer?” // “If I have to subtract, or take away, 3 cubes from my tower, what should I do?” (Break off 3 cubes, take off 1 cube at a time as you count.)
• “Un compañero usa entre 5 y 10 cubos para construir una torre. Luego, el otro compañero lanza el cubo para saber cuántos cubos quitar, o restar, de la torre. Después ambos descubren cuántos cubos quedan en la torre. Por turnos, construyan la torre” // “One partner uses up 5-10 cubes to build a tower. Then the other partner rolls to figure out how many cubes to take away, or subtract, from the tower. Then work together to figure out how many cubes are left in the tower. Take turns building the tower.”

### Activity

• 8 minutes: partner work time
• “Ahora pueden escoger otro centro. También pueden seguir jugando ‘Torres para restar’” // “Now you can choose another center. You can also continue playing Subtraction Towers.”
• Display the center choices in the student book.
• Invite students to work at the center of their choice.
• 8 minutes: center work time
• If time, invite students to choose another center.

### Student Facing

Escoge un centro.

Torres para restar

Tableros de 5

Construye figuras

Contar colecciones

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿Cuál centro es el más retador para ustedes? ¿Qué lo hace un reto?” // “Which center is most challenging for you? What makes it challenging?”

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Hoy escuchamos y actuamos historias sobre juegos en el recreo” // “Today we heard and acted out stories about playing at recess.”

“7 estudiantes estaban subidos en los juegos infantiles. 3 de los estudiantes se fueron a saltar la cuerda” // “7 students were climbing on the jungle gym. 3 of the students left to go jump rope instead.”

“¿Cómo actuarían esta historia?” // “How would you act out this story?” (7 of us would stand together and then 3 of us would leave.)