# Lesson 7

Usemos objetos para representar historias

## Warm-up: Observa y pregúntate: Balones y fichas (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this warm-up is to elicit the idea that counters can be used to represent objects, which will be useful when students use counters to represent the objects in stories and story problems in a later activity (MP2). While students may notice and wonder many things about these images, the connections between the image and the counters are the important discussion points. Actual two-color counters can be shown along with the image of the balls, rather than the provided image of two-color counters.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the image.
• “¿Qué observan? ¿Qué se preguntan?” // “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• “Discutan con su compañero lo que pensaron” // “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

¿Qué observas?
¿Qué te preguntas?

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿Por qué crees que 3 de las fichas son rojas y 2 son amarillas?” // “Why do you think that 3 of the counters are red and 2 of the counters are yellow?” (To show the 3 basketballs and 2 soccer balls.)
• “Podemos usar fichas para mostrar lo que ocurre en una imagen o en una historia. Hay 3 balones de baloncesto y 2 balones de fútbol. Podemos escribir eso como ‘3 y 2’ o ‘$$3 + 2$$’” // “We can use counters to show what is happening in a picture or story. There are 3 basketballs and 2 soccer balls. We can write that as ‘3 and 2’ or ‘$$3 + 2$$’.”
• “Algunos estudiantes juegan en el recreo con cosas como balones de fútbol y de baloncesto. ¿Con qué cosas les gusta jugar a ustedes en el recreo?” // “Soccer balls and basketballs are things that some students play with at recess. What are some things that you like to play with at recess?”

## Activity 1: Jugar en el patio de recreo (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to use math tools to represent objects and actions in a story (MP2). The purpose of the activity synthesis is to connect two-color counters to the objects in the story.

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

• Playing On the Playground

### Required Preparation

• 7 objects that represent people are needed, such as plastic toys or dolls. There are also images of people that can be cut out of the provided black line master.
• The playground work mat is printed in the student workbook and is also included in the black line master.
• Each student needs a bag of 10 two-color counters.

### Launch

• Display the people and the playground work mat for all to see.
• Read the first problem, demonstrating the action in the story by moving the people onto and off of the playground mat.
• “Quiero que todos actúen las historias conmigo, pero no tenemos suficientes personas. ¿Qué podemos usar para representar a las persona de la historia?” // “I want all of you to act out the stories with me. We don’t have enough people. What else could you use to represent the people in the story?” (Students may suggest two-color counters, connecting cubes, or other materials.)
• Give each student a bag with 10 two-color counters.
• “Usen sus fichas para mostrar lo que ocurre en cada historia” // “Use your counters to show what is happening in each story.”

### Activity

• Read each story. As students demonstrate the actions with counters, ask:
• “¿Cómo mostraron que algunos de los estudiantes entraron a tomar agua?” // “How did you show that some of the students went inside to get some water?” (I took some counters off of the mat.)
• “¿Cómo supieron que debían sacar algunas fichas de su tablero?” // “How did you know to push some counters off your mat?” (Because in the story, some of the students went inside to get water.)
• “Muéstrenle a su compañero cuáles estudiantes están jugando baloncesto” // “Show your partner which students are playing basketball.” (Students point to the counters on the mat.)
• “Muéstrenle a su compañero cuáles estudiantes entraron a tomar agua” // “Show your partner which students went inside.” (Students point to the counters off the mat.)
• “Usen sus fichas para mostrarle a su compañero lo que acaba de ocurrir en la historia” // “Use your counters to show your partner what just happened in the story.”
• Repeat with each problem, varying the prompts as needed by the story.

### Student Facing

1. Había 5 estudiantes jugando baloncesto en el recreo.
2 de los estudiantes entraron a tomar agua.

2. Había 3 estudiantes jugando en los columpios en el recreo.
1 estudiante más llegó a jugar en los columpios.

3. Había 5 estudiantes jugando las traes en el recreo.
4 de los estudiantes entraron.

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿Qué representa cada una de sus fichas?” // “What does each of your counters represent?” (a person, a student)
• “Usé personas para mostrar lo que le ocurrió a los estudiantes en recreo, pero también podemos usar herramientas matemáticas, como las fichas, para representar a los estudiantes” // “I used people to show what happened to the students at recess, but we can also use math tools like counters to represent the students.”

## Activity 2: Terminemos la historia (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to create stories and relate the action in the stories to the action of adding or taking away counters. While in the first activity, the story was provided, in this activity students create the action in the story, which is an opportunity to hear what language students associate with addition and subtraction (MP6). Mats with pictures of each setting are provided to help students make connections between what they do with their cubes and what is happening in the story. The goal of the activity synthesis is to relate the action in the story to the action with counters and show students expressions that represent these actions (MP2).

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Synthesis: Provide all students with an opportunity to produce these words and numbers by inviting students to chorally repeat the expression in unison 1-2 times. For example: “7 quitando 3” // “7 take away 3” and “$$7 - 3$$”.
Representation: Internalize Comprehension. Synthesis: First demonstrate, then invite students to name each action they take as they tell their stories. For example, “Cuatro patos están nadando en un lago. Dos patos se van volando. Cuando los patos se van volando, quito 2 fichas” // “Four ducks are swimming in a lake. Two ducks fly away. When the ducks fly away, I take away 2 counters.”
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Processing, Organization

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• “Hemos escuchado y actuado algunas historias sobre estudiantes que juegan en la escuela. ¿En qué otros lugares de su comunidad ven personas jugando al aire libre? Describan esto a su compañero” // “We have heard and acted out some stories about students playing at school. Where else in your community do you see people playing outside? Describe it to your partner.”
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.
• Display images from the student book.
• “Algunos de los lugares donde jugamos y paseamos al aire libre son parques y patios de juegos. Todas estas historias ocurren en diferentes parques y patios de juegos. ¿En qué se parecen estas imágenes a los parques y patios de juegos en los que han estado? ¿En qué son diferentes?” // “Some of the places where we play and walk around outside are parks and playgrounds. These stories all take place in different parks and playgrounds. How are these pictures the same as parks and playground that you have been to? How are they different?”
• Give each student a bag of 10 two-color counters.
• “Vamos a usar nuestras fichas para mostrar lo que ocurre en nuestras historias, pero esta vez las historias no han terminado todavía” // “We’re going to use our counters to show what is happening in our stories, but this time, the stories aren’t finished yet.”

### Activity

• Display the student workbook page of a field and read the first question. Count out 7 counters and place them on the field.
• “Tengo 7 niños jugando las traes en el campo. ¿Qué piensan que ocurre después en la historia?” // “I’ve got 7 kids playing tag in the field. What do you think happens next in the story?”
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share responses.
• Choose one student response and demonstrate the action with the counters.
• “Ahora es su turno. Les voy a leer la primera parte de la historia. Su tarea es pensar en lo que ocurre después en la historia. Luego, cuéntenle la historia a su compañero y muéstrenle con sus fichas lo que ocurre” // “Now it’s your turn. I’m going to read you the first part of the story. Your job is to think about what happens next in the story. Then tell the story to your partner and show them what happens with your counters.”
• Read each question. Give students quiet think time and partner discussion time for each question.

### Student Facing

1. Había 7 niños jugando las traes en el campo.

2. Había 2 niños comiendo en la mesa para pícnic.

3. Había 4 patos nadando en el lago.

4. Había 5 niños jugando rayuela.

### Student Response

If students represent the given sentence with counters but need encouragement to make up the rest of the story, consider asking:

• “¿Puedes usar tus fichas para mostrarme lo primero que ocurrió en la historia?” // “Can you use your counters to show me what happened first in the story?”
• “¿Qué piensas que ocurrió después? ¿Piensas que más niños llegaron a jugar las traes o piensas que algunos niños se fueron para la casa?” // “What do you think happened next? Do you think more kids came to play tag or do you think some kids went home?”

### Activity Synthesis

• For each question, choose a student to share their story and demonstrate what happens with their counters. Record the action with words and numbers and an expression. For example: “7 quitando 3” // “7 take away 3” and “$$7 - 3$$”.
• As each student shares, ask: “¿Qué representan las fichas?” // “What do the counters represent?”

## Activity 3: Conozcamos “Historias matemáticas: Actúalo” (20 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to learn stage 2 of the Math Stories center. Students use two-color counters to act out and tell stories involving addition or subtraction with the background mats (MP2). Students are not expected to develop story problems with questions or record using drawings or numbers at this point. In a future variation of this center, students will tell, represent, and solve story problems.

After the new center is introduced, students choose at least 1 other center activity.

• Subtraction Towers
• 5-frames
• Build Shapes
• Counting Collections

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

• Math Stories Stage 2 Backgrounds, Spanish

### Required Preparation

• Each group of 2 needs 10 two-color counters.
• Materials from previous centers:
• Subtraction Towers, Stage 1
• 5-frames, Stages 1 and 2
• Build Shapes, Stages 1 and 2
• Counting Collections, Stage 1

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group of students 10 counters and a set of background mats.
• “Vamos a aprender una nueva forma de trabajar en el centro ‘Historias matemáticas’, se llama ‘Historias matemáticas: Actúalo’” // “We are going to learn a new way to do the Math Stories center. It is called Math Stories, Act It Out.”
• Display some counters and the background mat with the picnic tables.
• “Necesito inventar una historia usando esta imagen de fondo. ¿Qué podría imaginar que son mis fichas?” // “I need to make up a story using this background mat. What could I pretend my counters are?” (People sitting at the picnic tables.)
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• Share responses.
• “Estas fichas son personas sentadas en las mesas para pícnic. Mi historia se trata de que había 6 personas almorzando en la mesa para pícnic” // “These counters are people sitting at the picnic tables. My story is that there were 6 people eating lunch at the picnic table.”
• Demonstrate placing 6 counters on the picnic table.
• “Pero ahora necesito agregar o quitar algo en mi historia. ¿Qué debe ocurrir después en la historia?” // “But now I need to add or take away something in my story. What should happen next in the story?” If needed, ask “¿Deben venir más personas a la mesa para pícnic o deben irse algunas personas?” // “Should more people come over to the picnic table or should some people leave?”
• Demonstrate acting out the story with counters based on student responses.
• “Un compañero va a pensar en una historia que tenga que ver con la imagen de fondo. El otro compañero va a usar las fichas para actuar lo que ocurrió en la historia. Por turnos, uno inventa historias y otro usa las fichas” // “One partner is going to think of a story to go with the background mat. The other partner is going to use the counters to act out what happened in the story. Take turns making up stories and using counters.”

### Activity

• 5 minutes: partner work time
• “Ahora pueden escoger otro centro. También pueden seguir jugando ‘Historias matemáticas’” // “Now you can choose another center. You can also continue playing Math Stories.”
• Display the center choices in the student book.
• Invite students to work at the center of their choice.
• 10 minutes: center work time
• If time, invite students to choose another center.

### Student Facing

Escoge un centro.

Historias matemáticas

Torres para restar

Tableros de 5

Construye figuras

Contar colecciones

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite a student to share a story involving addition.
• Invite a student to share a story involving subtraction.
• As each student shares, record the action with words and numbers and an expression. For example: “5 quitando 2” // “5 take away 2” and “$$5 - 2$$”.

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Hoy usamos herramientas matemáticas, como las fichas, para mostrar las cosas de una historia” // “Today we used math tools like counters to show the things in a story.”

Reread the first problem from the activity in which students finish the stories, and display 7 counters.

“7 niños juegan las traes en la cancha” // “7 kids are playing tag on the field.”

“Mai dijo que 2 niños se fueron a comer la merienda. ¿Cómo puedo mostrar esto con mis fichas?” // “Mai said that 2 kids left to eat a snack. How can I show that with my counters?” (Take away 2 counters.)

Display 7 counters.

“Diego dijo que 3 niños más llegaron a jugar las traes. ¿Cómo puedo mostrar esto con mis fichas?” // “Diego said that 3 more kids came over to join the game of tag. How can I show that with my counters?” (Add 3 more counters.)