# Lesson 15

Expresiones y dibujos

## Warm-up: Observa y pregúntate: Figuras y números (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this warm-up is to elicit the idea that there can be a connection between drawings and expressions, which will be useful when students interpret the numbers and symbols in an expression in relation to drawings. While students may notice and wonder many things about the image and expression, the important discussion points are that there are 3 red counters and the number 3 and that there is 1 yellow counter and the number 1.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the image.
• “¿Qué observan? ¿Qué se preguntan?” // “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• “Discutan con su compañero lo que pensaron” // “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

¿Qué observas?
¿Qué te preguntas?

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿Cuántas fichas hay? ¿Cómo lo saben?, ¿qué ven?” // “How many counters are there? How do you see them?” (4. I see 1 yellow  counter and 3 red counters.)
• “En la siguiente actividad, vamos a emparejar expresiones con dibujos” // “In the next activity, we will match expressions to drawings.”

## Activity 1: Emparejemos dibujos con expresiones (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to match drawings to expressions. Students use the structure of the dots to decide whether they represent an addition or subtraction expression and then identify that expression (MP2, MP7).

Action and Expression: Develop Expression and Communication. Students may benefit from creating drawings of the expressions to help find the matching drawing. Invite students to use two-color counters to recreate the expression or draw a picture to show the expression.
Supports accessibility for: Visual-Spatial Processing, Conceptual Processing

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• “Unan con una línea cada dibujo con una expresión. Prepárense para compartir lo que pensaron” // “Draw a line to match each drawing to an expression. Be prepared to share your thinking.”

### Activity

• 4 minutes: independent work time
• “Compartan con su compañero lo que emparejaron” // “Share your matches with your partner.”
• 2 minutes: partner discussion

### Student Facing

$$9 - 2$$

$$6 - 3$$

$$4 + 2$$

$$6 + 3$$

$$5 + 3$$

$$7 + 0$$

### Activity Synthesis

• Display the 9 circles with 2 crossed out:
• “Piensen en la expresión $$9 - 2$$, ¿en qué parte del dibujo ven el 9? ¿En qué parte ven el 2?” // “For the expression $$9 - 2$$, where do you see the 9 in the drawing? Where do you see the 2?” (There are 9 circles and 2 circles are crossed out.)
• Display the 7 red counters:

• “¿Qué expresión emparejaron con este dibujo? ¿Por qué?” // “Which expression did you match to this drawing? Why?” ($$7 + 0$$, because 7 and 0 more is still 7.)
• “Cuando sumamos 0, no se agrega ninguno, así que el dibujo muestra 7 y 0 más” // “When we add 0, there are none added, so the drawing shows 7 and 0 more.”

## Activity 2: Escribamos expresiones y hagamos dibujos (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to create a drawing when given an expression and to fill in expressions when given a drawing.

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Prior to solving the problems, invite students to make sense of the expressions and take turns sharing their understanding with their partner. Listen for and clarify any questions about the expressions or drawings.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display student book.
• “¿Qué observan? ¿Qué se preguntan?” // “What do you notice? What do you wonder?” (There are expressions and drawings. Some of the expressions are missing. Some of the drawings are missing. I wonder why one of the drawings has red and yellow.)
• 30 seconds: quiet think time
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.
• “Observamos que faltaban algunas cosas. Con su compañero, completen las expresiones y los dibujos que hacen falta” // “We noticed that there are some things missing. Work with your partner to fill in the missing expressions and drawings.”

### Activity

• 5 minutes: partner work time

### Student Facing

Completa las expresiones y los dibujos que faltan.

$$4 + 3$$

$$4 - 0$$

$$\underline{\hspace{1 cm}} - \underline{\hspace{1 cm}}$$

$$5 + 3$$

Completa las expresiones y los dibujos que faltan.

$$8 - 2$$

$$\underline{\hspace{1 cm}} + \underline{\hspace{1 cm}}$$

$$1 + 6$$

$$\underline{\hspace{1 cm}} - \underline{\hspace{1 cm}}$$

### Student Response

If students draw an image of addition for a subtraction expression or an image of subtraction for an addition expression, consider asking:

• “¿Qué parte de la expresión nos dice si debemos sumar o restar? ¿Cómo te puede ayudar eso a saber qué dibujar?” // “Which part of the expression tells us whether to add or subtract? How can that help you figure out what to draw?”

### Activity Synthesis

• Display image from student book:
• “¿Qué expresión escribieron para emparejarla con este dibujo?” // “What expression did you write to go with this drawing?” ($$6 - 3$$)
• “¿En qué parte de la expresión ven los 3 círculos que están tachados?” // “Where do you see the 3 circles that are crossed out in the expression?”
• “¿En qué parte de la expresión ven los 6 círculos?” // “Where do you see all 6 circles in the expression?”

## Activity 3: Conozcamos “Revuelve y saca: Representa” (25 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to learn stage 3 of the Shake and Spill center. Students practice counting to find the total of 2 groups of objects and representing addition with an expression.

After they participate in the center, students choose from any stage of previously introduced centers.

• Number Race
• Math Stories

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

• Shake and Spill Stage 3 Recording Sheet Kindergarten, Spanish

### Required Preparation

• Each group of 2 needs 10 two-color counters.
• Each group of 2 needs access to a yellow crayon and a red crayon.
• Gather materials from:
• Number Race, Stage 1
• Math Stories, Stages 1 and 2

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group of students two-color counters and red and yellow crayons. Give each student a recording sheet.
• “Vamos a aprender una nueva forma de trabajar en el centro ‘Revuelve y saca’. Un compañero va a escoger algunas fichas, las revolverá y las dejará caer. Luego, va a hacer un dibujo para mostrar las fichas rojas y las amarillas. Descifren juntos cómo escribir una expresión que muestre la cantidad de fichas rojas y de fichas amarillas. Por turnos, revuelvan y saquen las fichas” // “We are going to learn a new way to play Shake and Spill. One partner will choose some counters, shake them, and spill them. Then draw a picture to show the red and yellow counters. Work together to figure out how to fill in an expression to show how many red and yellow counters. Take turns shaking and spilling the counters.”

### Activity

• 8 minutes: partner work time
• “Ahora pueden escoger otro centro. También pueden seguir jugando ‘Revuelve y saca’” // “Now you can choose another center. You can also continue playing Shake and Spill.”
• Display the center choices in the student book.
• Invite students to work at the center of their choice.
• 10 minutes: center work time
• If time, invite students to choose another center.

### Student Facing

Escoge un centro.

Revuelve y saca

Carrera con números

Historias matemáticas

### Activity Synthesis

• Display $$4 + 3$$.
• “Andre y Tyler escribieron $$4 + 3$$. ¿Cómo piensan que se veían sus fichas?” // “Andre and Tyler wrote $$4 + 3$$. What do you think their counters looked like?” (4 red counters and 3 yellow counters. 4 yellow counters and 3 red counters.)

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

Draw 5 circles with 3 crossed out. Display $$5 - 3$$.

“Clare hizo este dibujo para emparejarlo con la expresión. Ella dice que puede usar el mismo dibujo para emparejarlo con $$5 + 3$$. ¿Qué piensan?” // “Clare drew this picture to match the expression. She says that she can use the same drawing to match $$5 + 3$$. What do you think?” (She can’t use the same drawing. There are the same numbers but one is addition and one is subtraction.)

“¿Qué debe dibujar Clare para mostrar $$5 +3$$?” // “What should Clare draw to show $$5 +3$$?” (She can draw 5 circles and 3 more circles.)

Draw the drawing or invite a student to draw the drawing.