# Lesson 1

Identifiquemos y clasifiquemos figuras

## Warm-up: Observa y pregúntate: Grupos de figuras (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this warm-up is to elicit student ideas about examples and non-examples of triangles and how to describe the attributes of a category of shapes. This will be useful when students determine the defining attributes of quadrilaterals, pentagons, and hexagons in a later activity. While students may notice and wonder many things about these groups of shapes, how the shapes are alike and different are the important discussion points.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the image.
• “¿Qué observan? ¿Qué se preguntan?” // “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• “Discutan con su compañero lo que pensaron” // “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

¿Qué observas? ¿Qué te preguntas?

### Activity Synthesis

• Point to the group on the right.
• “¿Por qué creen que estas figuras están agrupadas?” // “Why do you think these shapes are together?” (They aren’t triangles. They have more than 3 sides. Some have curved lines.)
• “¿Qué nombre le podemos dar a cada grupo?” // “What could we name each group?” (triangles, not triangles)

## Activity 1: Clasificación de tarjetas: Figuras (15 minutes)

### Narrative

In this activity, students sort and compare the attributes of triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, and hexagons. They use informal vocabulary as they describe the defining and non-defining attributes of shapes. As an informal assessment, listen as students describe how they sort and categorize the shapes within each group (MP6).

Although students may know some shape names, they may sort their shapes by any attribute during the first sort. In the activity synthesis, all students sort the shapes based on the number of sides and corners. In the next activity, students will match shape names to the groups that are sorted based on number of sides and corners.

### Required Materials

Materials to Copy

• Shape Cards Grade 2, Spanish

### Required Preparation

• Create a set of cards from the blackline master for each group of 2.
• Remove the shape name cards for this activity. Students will use them in the next activity.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group of 2 students a set of shape cards.

### Activity

• “En esta actividad, van a clasificar algunas tarjetas en las categorías que quieran. Cuando clasifiquen las figuras, invéntense unas categorías con su compañero” // “In this activity, you will sort some cards into categories of your choosing. When you sort the shapes, you should work with your partner to come up with categories.”
• “Tómense un minuto para examinar las figuras y pensar en cómo las van a clasificar en categorías” // “Take a minute to look at the shapes and think about how you’ll sort them into categories.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time
• “Ahora, con su compañero, clasifiquen las figuras en categorías que tengan sentido para ustedes” // “Now, work with your partner to sort the shapes into categories in a way that makes sense to you.”
• 3–5 minutes: partner work time
MLR2 Collect and Display
• Circulate, listen for, and collect the language students use to describe the shapes and how they sort them into categories. Listen for: side, corner, square corner, triangle, hexagon, 3-sided, 4-sided, 5-sided, and 6-sided.
• Record students’ words and phrases on a visual display and update it throughout the lesson.
• If students sort shapes without discussing how they sort, consider asking:
• “¿Cómo clasificaron estas figuras?” // “How did you sort these shapes?”
• “¿Qué nombre le pondrían a cada uno de sus grupos?” // “What could you name each of your groups?”
• Monitor for students who explain how they sort the shapes by counting the number of sides on each shape.

### Student Facing

Clasifica las figuras en categorías de una manera que tenga sentido para ti. Prepárate para explicar cómo clasificaste las figuras.

### Student Response

If students sort the shapes without discussing how they sort, consider asking:

• “¿Puedes explicar cómo decidiste dónde ubicar cada figura?” // “Can you explain how you decided where to put each shape?”
• “¿Qué nombre le pondrías a cada uno de tus grupos?” // “What could you name each of your groups?”

### Activity Synthesis

• Display the recorded words and phrases.
• As needed, ask students to clarify the meaning of words and phrases with examples from the cards.
• Invite previously selected groups to share how they sorted based on the number of sides of each shape.
• “Ahora, con su compañero, clasifiquen sus propias figuras en categorías según el número de lados de cada una” // “Now work with your partner to sort your own shapes into categories based on the number of sides of each shape.”
• As needed: “Si sus figuras ya están clasificadas según el número de lados de cada una, hablen con su compañero sobre otros nombres que conozcan para las figuras de cada uno de sus grupos” // “If your shapes are already sorted based on the number of sides of each shape, talk with your partner about other names you know for the shapes in each of your groups.”
• 1 minute: partner work time
• “Ahora, con su compañero, clasifiquen sus figuras según el número de esquinas de cada una” // “Now, work with your partner to sort your shapes based on the number of corners of each shape.”
• 1 minute: partner work time
• “¿De qué se dieron cuenta cuando clasificaron las figuras según el número de esquinas?” // “What did you notice when you sorted the shapes by the number of corners?” (We didn’t have to do anything. The same shapes are in each group.)

## Activity 2: Penta... ¿qué? (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to recognize shapes as triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, and hexagons based on the number of sides and corners. Students gather clues about the defining attributes of each category by asking whether or not a shape belongs in the group (“Is Shape X a _____?”). After each group has had the opportunity to ask a question, students gather additional clues or attempt to confirm their understanding of a category by making statements using the frame “Shape X is a _____ because it has _____.” In the synthesis, students define the terms based on the shared attributes of each group of shapes.

Representation: Develop Language and Symbols. Synthesis: Maintain a visible display to record new vocabulary. Invite students to suggest words, attributes, or pictures that will help them remember the different shapes.
Supports accessibility for: Memory, Attention

### Required Preparation

• Each group of 2 needs the set of cards from the previous activity, including the shape name cards.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Each group should have access to their cards from the previous activity.
• Give each group a set of category cards (triangle, pentagon, hexagon, quadrilateral) from the Shape Cards blackline master.

### Activity

• “Los grupos de figuras que creamos en la actividad 1 tienen nombres. Puede que ya sepan algunos de estos nombres. También puede que haya nombres que no sepan” // “The groups of shapes we created in Activity 1 have names. You may already know some of these names. Some names you may not know.”
• As needed, read the category names with the class.
• “Con toda la clase, su tarea es reunir pistas para descubrir cuáles figuras van con el nombre de cada categoría” // “As a class, your job is to gather clues to figure out which shapes go with each category name.”
• “Primero, cada pareja, va a preguntarme si una de las tarjetas de su mesa está en una categoría. Si sí está, diré ‘Sí’. Si no está, diré ‘No’ y les daré una pista” // “First, each group will ask me if a card at your table belongs with a category. If it does, I’ll say ‘Yes.’ If it does not belong, I’ll say ‘No’ and give you a clue.”
• “Escojan una tarjeta con su compañero. Intenten escoger una tarjeta que pueda darles una pista. Si otra pareja les pregunta sobre su tarjeta, escojan rápidamente otra tarjeta” // “Choose a card with your partner. Try to pick a card that might give you a clue. If another group asks about your card, quickly choose a different card.”
• 30 seconds: partner discussion
• Select students to ask a question. If the card does not belong with the category, respond with:
• “No. No es un _____ porque tiene __ lados y __ esquinas” // “No. It is not a _____ because it has __ sides and __ corners.”
• “Ahora que tienen algunas pistas, usen los esquemas de oración para contarle a la clase sobre una figura, el nombre de la categoría en la que está y por qué la figura está en esa categoría según su número de lados o de esquinas” // “Now that you have some clues, use the sentence frame to tell the class a shape, the name of the category it belongs to, and why based on the number of sides or corners.”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Select groups to make a statement. As needed, consider asking:
• “¿Alguna pareja puede describir una figura que sea un _____ (pentágono, hexágono, cuadrilátero)?” // “Can a group name a shape that is a _____ (pentagon, hexagon, quadrilateral)?”

### Student Facing

Reúne pistas para descubrir qué tipo de figuras están en cada una de estas categorías.

triángulo

pentágono

hexágono

1. Pregúntale al profesor si una tarjeta de figura está o no en alguna de estas categorías.

Usa este esquema de pregunta:

¿La figura _______ es un ______________________________?

2. Usa las pistas que reuniste para hacer que la afirmación sea verdadera.

La figura _______ es un ______________________________ porque tiene

3. ¿Estas figuras estarían en alguna de las categorías? Explica.

### Activity Synthesis

• “Con su compañero, describan las cuatro categorías de figuras: triángulos, cuadriláteros, pentágonos y hexágonos” // “Work with your partner to describe the four categories of shapes: triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, and hexagons.” (A triangle is a shape with 3 sides and 3 corners. A quadrilateral is a shape with 4 sides and 4 corners. A pentagon is a shape with 5 sides and 5 corners. A hexagon is a shape with 6 sides and 6 corners.)
• Share and record responses.
• Display the shapes from the last question.
• “¿Estas figuras estarían en alguna de estas categorías? Expliquen” // “Would these belong to any of these categories? Explain.” (A does not belong because it has 5 sides and 4 corners. B does not belong because it has 5 corners and 6 sides. C does not belong because it has 5 corners, 4 straight sides, and one curved side.)

## Activity 3: Comparemos figuras (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to recognize and describe the attributes of triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, and hexagons. Students may describe many different attributes of the shapes, but connections to the shape names, number of sides, and number of corners are the most important points. As students work, encourage them to refine their descriptions of their shape using more precise language (MP6).

### Required Preparation

• Each group of 2 needs a set of cards from the previous activity.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Each group should have access to their cards from the previous activity.

### Activity

• “Escojan una tarjeta de figura. Piensen en cómo se la describirían a un compañero sin decirle el nombre de la figura” // “Pick one shape card. Think about how you would describe your shape to a partner without naming it.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time
• “Van a buscar un compañero y le van a describir su figura sin mostrarle su tarjeta. Su compañero va a adivinar el nombre de su figura usando alguna de las palabras triángulo, cuadrilátero, pentágono o hexágono” // “You’re going to find a partner and describe your shape without showing them your card. Your partner will guess the name of your shape using triangle, quadrilateral, pentagon, or hexagon.”
• “Después de que ambos hayan nombrado las figuras, encuentren algo en lo que se parezcan las figuras y algo en lo que sean diferentes” // “After you both name the shapes, find one way your shapes are alike and one way they are different.”
• Give a signal for students to find a partner.
• 2 minutes: partner discussion
• “Intercambien tarjetas con su compañero. Busquen un nuevo compañero y jueguen otra vez” // “Trade cards with your partner. Find a new partner and play again.”
• Give a signal to find a partner.
• 2 minutes: partner discussion
• Monitor for students who describe how their shapes are alike and different based on the number of sides and corners.

### Student Facing

Escoge 1 tarjeta de figura.

Prepárate para nombrar y describirle tu figura a un compañero.

### Student Response

If students describe their shape using words that don't make it clear to their partners, consider asking:

• “¿Qué palabras has aprendido para describir figuras?” // “What are some vocabulary words you've learned to describe shapes?”
• “¿Cómo puedes describir tu figura usando algunas de las palabras que has aprendido y así ayudarle a tu compañero a nombrarla?” // “How can you describe your shape using some of these terms to help your partner name it?”

### Activity Synthesis

• “De las pistas que les dio su compañero, ¿cuáles hicieron que fuera fácil adivinar cuál era su figura?” // “What clues did your partner give you that made it easy to guess their shape?” (number of sides, number of corners)
• “¿Hubo alguna pista que no les ayudara a adivinar el nombre de la figura?” // “Were there any clues that did not help you guess the name of the shape?” (color, size)

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Hoy aprendimos que podemos nombrar las figuras según el número de lados y esquinas que tienen” // “Today we learned we can name shapes based on the number of sides and corners they have.”

Display the shape names used in the lesson.

Display Shape X from the card sort.

“Diego le dijo a su compañero que esta figura es un hexágono porque tiene 5 lados” // “Diego told his partner that this shape is a hexagon because it has 5 sides.”

“¿Están de acuerdo o en desacuerdo? Expliquen” // “Do you agree or disagree? Explain.” (I disagree. A hexagon has 6 sides and 6 corners. This shape has 5 sides and 5 corners. This shape is a pentagon.)