Lesson 6

Use a Ten to Add Within 1,000

Lesson Purpose

The purpose of this lesson is for students to add a two-digit number to a three-digit number that requires composing a ten when adding by place.

Lesson Narrative

In previous grades, students developed fluency with sums of 10 and looked for ways to make a ten as a strategy for adding within 20. They used their understanding of these sums to make sense of composing a ten when adding by place and as a strategy for adding within 100.

In this lesson, students use what they know about making a ten to find the sum of a three-digit number and a two-digit number. Throughout the lesson, students may use the methods that make the most sense to them to add which may include counting or adding-on by place or adding tens and tens and ones and ones. They may also use whichever representations help them make sense of each sum, including number lines or base-ten blocks. The activity and lesson syntheses focus on using known sums of 10 to anticipate when a ten is composed when adding by place. This understanding will be used in upcoming lessons as students add two three-digit numbers by place and anticipate when units may need to be composed.

  • Action and Expression
  • MLR2

Learning Goals

Teacher Facing

  • Add numbers within 1,000 using place value strategies that include composing a ten.

Student Facing

  • Let’s add three-digit numbers by composing a ten.

Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

  • Card Sort Perfect 10

Required Preparation

Activity 2:

  • Create a set of cards from the blackline master for each group of 3.

CCSS Standards


Lesson Timeline

Warm-up 10 min
Activity 1 15 min
Activity 2 20 min
Lesson Synthesis 10 min
Cool-down 5 min

Teacher Reflection Questions

In upcoming lessons, students will add using methods based on place value that involve composing both hundreds and tens. How does today's focus on using what students know about combinations of numbers that make a ten help prepare them for this work?

Suggested Centers

  • Five in a Row: Addition and Subtraction (1–2), Stage 7: Add within 1,000 without Composing (Addressing)
  • How Close? (1–5), Stage 3: Add to 100 (Supporting)

Print Formatted Materials

Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Cool Down, Teacher Guide, and PowerPoint materials.

Student Task Statements pdf docx
Lesson Cover Page pdf docx
Cool Down Log In
Teacher Guide Log In
Teacher Presentation Materials pdf docx
Blackline Masters zip

Additional Resources

Google Slides Log In
PowerPoint Slides Log In