Lesson 7

Add and Subtract Within 1,000

Lesson Purpose

The purpose of this lesson is for students to add and subtract within 1,000 using methods based on place value.

Lesson Narrative

In previous lessons, students practiced composing and decomposing three-digit numbers in different ways. The purpose of this lesson is to connect composing and decomposing numbers to methods for adding and subtracting numbers within 1,000. The first activity encourages students to consider which sums and differences within 1,000 would be least and most challenging to find. Students are encouraged to think about what might make finding the values of some expressions more challenging. They share the methods they use to find these values. The second activity focuses only on sums within 100 and encourages students to use and share methods that help them fluently find sums and differences.

  • Engagement

Learning Goals

Teacher Facing

  • Add and subtract within 1,000 with and without regrouping.
  • Fluently add and subtract within 100.

Student Facing

  • Let’s add and subtract within 1,000.

Required Preparation

CCSS Standards


Lesson Timeline

Warm-up 10 min
Activity 1 20 min
Activity 2 15 min
Lesson Synthesis 10 min
Cool-down 5 min

Teacher Reflection Questions

How did students reason about which sums and differences were least and most challenging to find? What does this tell you about students’ understanding of place value and number?

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