Warm-up: Notice and Wonder: Squares and Circles (10 minutes)
This warm-up serves two goals: to elicit observations about equal groups in seating arrangements, and to identify variables that might be important when solving a real-world problem in which limited information is given. These conversations prepare students to design seating arrangements given some constraints later in the lesson.
During the synthesis, highlight observations about equal groups and reveal that the image shows a seating chart. Ask students to identify the information they may need if they were to be in charge of planning the seating arrangement for a game night. As students brainstorm questions to help them gather necessary information and clarify the problem, they engage in aspects of mathematical modeling (MP4).
- Groups of 2
- Display the image.
- “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
- 1 minute: quiet think time
- “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
- 1 minute: partner discussion
- Share and record responses.
What do you notice? What do you wonder?
- “Somebody drew the diagram to illustrate a real-world situation. What could that situation be?” (Table arrangement. Game board. Sports arrangement.)
- “The image shows table arrangements for a game night.”
- “If you were in charge of planning the seating arrangement for a game night, what questions would you need to ask to have enough information to plan?” (How many tables are there? How many people can play each game? How many people can sit at each table? How many chairs are there? How many guests are going to the game night? How big are the tables?)
- Share and record responses. Keep this visible for the next activity.
- “In the next activity you will create a seating chart for a game night. You will get answers to some of these questions. For other questions, you will need to make some decisions.”
Activity 1: Game Night (25 minutes)
The purpose of this activity is for students to plan a seating arrangement. Students are only given the information of the number of players required for each game and the total number of tables. The numbers 2, 4, 5, and 10 have been chosen to reflect the multiplication work students have done in previous lessons. Students make their own decisions about other aspects of the scenario before planning their seating arrangement and also choose how to represent their seating arrangement (MP4).
Students may want answers from the teacher before making the arrangement. Encourage them to make their own assumptions as long as it does not contradict the given information.
Advances: Reading, Representing
Supports accessibility for: Organization, Attention
- Groups of 2 or 4
- Give each group tools for creating a visual display and access to inch tiles, graph paper, and connecting cubes or counters.
- “The first part of the task answers some of our questions such as the number of people needed for each game and the total number of tables. You can decide the information that is not given. In the poster you make, include the information you assumed and explain what new information you got as a result. Also, include how many people can play games in the room with your seating plan.”
- 20 minutes: small-group work time
- Monitor for groups that:
- Describe their assumptions and explain how their assumption impacted the arrangement. For example, if they wanted to set up 6 games of Game A, then they need space for 12 people.
- Make assumptions about the total number of people.
Your club is planning a game night.
Guests can play one of four different games that require a different number of players:
- Game A - 2 players
- Game B - 4 players
- Game C - 5 players
- Game D - 10 players
The game room has 16 identical square tables, where one person can sit on each side.
- Make a seating plan that shows the table arrangement so that each guest can play one of the games.
Make a poster that includes:
- a seating chart
- an explanation about how you decided on your seating plan
- how many people can play games in the room with your seating plan
Advancing Student Thinking
- “Tell me about how you've designed your seating chart so far?”
- “Is there information given in the problem for what you're choosing? What are some choices you have about _____? How would it affect your seating chart if you _____?”
- Invite previously selected students to display their posters for all to see.
- “What does this arrangement tell us about the situation?” (It shows us how many of each game are played. It shows us how many people can play each game. It shows us how many people can play games in the room if it's set up like this.)
- “What multiplication expression represents the number of people that can play Game A? B? C? D?”
Activity 2: Game Night on a Graph (10 minutes)
Materials to Copy
- Centimeter Grid Paper - Standard
- Each student needs a sheet of grid paper.
- Groups of 2 or 4
- Give each student grid paper.
- “Now you’re going to make a scaled bar graph that shows how many people can play each game with your room arrangement.”
- “Discuss what scale your groups will use for your graph.”
- 1 minute: small-group discussion
- “You can work with your group, but everyone in your group will make their own graph. You can also choose a different scale than the rest of your group.”
- 5-7 minutes: small-group work time
Make a scaled bar graph that shows the number of guests that can play each of the games A, B, C, and D.
Be sure to include:
- a title and other labels
- a scale that counts by a number other than 1
- Display graphs that used different scales.
- “How did choosing different scales affect the graphs?” (Some of the graphs have shorter bars because each jump on the graph is worth more. Some of the graphs are easier to read than others.)
- “What information does this bar graph give us about the situation?” (The number of people at each game, the types of games. We can find the total number of people if we add them all up.)
“Today, we made seating arrangements based on some given information and other things we decided.”
“Which decisions affected your arrangement? Were there any decisions that did not affect your arrangement?” (We decided that there would be 2 of games A, B, and C played at the same time. This affected the number of people who could play game D.)