In previous grades, students used base-ten blocks, diagrams, and expanded form, a specific way of writing a number as a sum of hundreds, tens, and ones, to represent numbers within 1,000. In this lesson, they extend their understanding of place value to write and represent numbers within 1,000,000.
Throughout the lesson, students determine the value represented by given sets of blocks and consider how to use blocks to represent given numbers. The reasoning students use helps to develop conceptual understanding of expanded form, allows them to practice reading and writing large numbers, and prompts them to think about the relative value of each place. In the next lesson, students generalize observations in terms of the relationship between any two adjacent digits in a multi-digit number.
The emphasis in this lesson and subsequent ones is not on how to write a number in expanded form. However, this notation may be helpful for students to notice a relationship between the same digits in adjacent places in large numbers. For example, when students expand 23,450 as \(20,\!000 +3,\!000+400+50\) and 2,345 as \(2,\!000+300+40+5\), they see that the digit 2 in 23,450 has ten times the value of the 2 in 2,345.
When students use strategies that are based on place value and our number system, they are looking for and making use of structure (MP7).
- Represent, read, and write multi-digit whole numbers within 1,000,000, including in expanded form.
- Let’s read, write, and represent numbers beyond 100,000.
Materials to Gather
|Activity 1||15 min|
|Activity 2||10 min|
|Activity 3||10 min|
|Lesson Synthesis||10 min|
Teacher Reflection Questions
- Greatest of Them All (1–5), Stage 2: Three-digit Numbers (Supporting)
- Mystery Number (1–4), Stage 4: Fractions with Denominators 5, 8, 10, 12, 100 (Supporting)