In grade 3, students solved problems involving capacity and weight. They may have encountered the units grams, kilograms, liters, and milliliters—both in the classroom or beyond—but have yet to develop a sense of the relationship between grams and kilograms, and between liters and milliliters.
Here, students develop an understanding of 1 kilogram as 1,000 times as heavy as 1 gram, and 1 liter as 1,000 times as much as 1 milliliter. For some students, this may be their first experience with metric units of mass and capacity. The lesson moves quickly to introduce two different sets of measurement units, but students will work with them again in future lessons. Consider offering anchor charts or visual representations to serve as a reference and to solidify the relationships between measurement units.
In subsequent lessons, students apply the understandings from this lesson to solve various problems.
- Describe the multiplicative relationships between liters and milliliters, and kilograms and grams.
- Express liters in terms of milliliters, and kilograms in terms of grams.
- Let’s explore measurements in grams, kilograms, liters and milliliters.
- Gather one or more boxes of 100 metal paper clips, if available.
- If possible, gather a 1-milliliter medicine dropper, a 20-milliliter medicine dosage cup, a 100-milliliter measuring cup or cylinder, and an empty 1-liter bottle with a line at the 1-liter mark.
- Obtain 1.5 liters of water or access to a water source.
|Activity 1||15 min|
|Activity 2||20 min|
|Lesson Synthesis||10 min|
Teacher Reflection Questions
- How Close? (1–5), Stage 6: Multiply to 3,000 (Addressing)
- Compare (1–5), Stage 3: Multiply within 100 (Supporting)