# Lesson 3

## Warm-up: Observa y pregúntate: Reglas (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this warm-up is to elicit the idea that a ruler can be marked with halves and fourths of an inch, which will be useful when students use a ruler like this in a later activity. While students may notice and wonder many things about these rulers, focus the conversation on how the quarter-inch marks are distinguished from the half-inch and whole-inch marks.

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

• Notice and Wonder Rulers

### Required Preparation

• Each group of 2 needs the rulers from the previous lesson.
• Cut out a ruler from the blackline master for each student.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Make sure each group has rulers from the previous lesson.
• Give each student a ruler from the blackline master.
• “¿Qué observan? ¿Qué se preguntan?” // “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• “Discutan con su pareja lo que pensaron” // “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Share and record responses.

### Student Facing

Mira las reglas que has usado para medir y la regla que te dio tu profesor.

¿Qué observas? ¿Qué te preguntas?

### Activity Synthesis

• “¿En qué se parece esta regla a las reglas que usaron en las lecciones anteriores?” // “How is this ruler like the rulers you used in earlier lessons?” (They all have marks showing whole inches and are partitioned into smaller parts.)
• “¿En qué es diferente a esas reglas?” // “How is it different than those rulers?” (We had one ruler showing fourth inches and one showing half inches. On this ruler, both halves and fourths are shown. The marks for whole inches and half inches are different from those for fourth inches.)
• “En estas reglas se muestra la ubicación del 0 con una marca. En algunas otras reglas, no hay espacio entre el borde de la regla y el 0, así que el borde mismo es el 0. Antes de que usen una regla para medir, es bueno que miren la regla y revisen en dónde está ubicado el 0” // “On these rulers, the location of 0 is shown with a label. On some other rulers, there’s no gap between the edge of the ruler and the 0, so the edge itself is the 0. Before you use a ruler to measure, it’s good to look at the ruler and check where the 0 is located.”
• Consider showing students a ruler where one edge of the ruler marks the location of 0, if available.

## Activity 1: Mitades y cuartos (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to measure lengths using a ruler that is marked with half inches and quarter inches. Building on their understanding of equivalent fractions, students recognize that lengths that line up with a half-inch mark can be read as one-half of an inch or two-fourths of an inch. They also recognize that lengths that are whole numbers of inches can be expressed as fractions.

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Synthesis: Provide students with the opportunity to rehearse what they will say with a partner before they share with the whole class.

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Required Preparation

• Each student needs a ruler marked with half inches and quarter inches from the warm-up.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the problem.
• “Piensen en cómo anotaron Kiran y Jada la longitud de la lombriz. Usen la regla para explicar por qué las medidas de ambos tienen sentido” // “Think about how Kiran and Jada record the length of the worm. Use the ruler to explain how both of their measurements make sense.”
• 1 minute: quiet think time
• 2–3 minutes: partner discussion
• Monitor for students that say they both make sense because $$4\frac{1}{2}$$ is equivalent to $$4\frac{2}{4}$$ and select them to share their responses.
• Make sure each student has a ruler marked with half inches and quarter inches from the previous activity.

### Activity

• “Ahora midan la longitud de algunas lombrices con su compañero. Algunas longitudes se pueden expresar de más de una forma. Prepárense para explicar cómo expresaron cada longitud” // “Now, work with your partner to measure the length of some worms. Some lengths can be recorded in more than one way. Be ready to explain how you recorded each length.”
• 3–5 minutes: partner work time

### Student Facing

• Kiran dice que la lombriz mide $$4\frac{2}{4}$$ pulgadas de largo.
• Jada dice que la lombriz mide $$4\frac{1}{2}$$ pulgadas de largo.

Usa la regla para explicar por qué ambas medidas son correctas.

2. Mide la longitud de estas lombrices.

### Student Response

If students start measuring from the edge of their ruler instead of from 0, consider asking:

• “En la imagen del primer problema, ¿cómo se alinea la regla con la lombriz?” // “In the image for the first problem, how is the ruler lined up to the worm?”
• “¿Por qué tiene sentido no alinear el extremo izquierdo de la regla con el extremo izquierdo de la lombriz?” // “Why does it make sense to not line up the left end of the ruler with the left end of the worm?”

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite students to share how they recorded their measurements and why they chose to record them in the way they did.
• “Pensemos otra vez en la primera lombriz que midieron. ¿Cuáles son todas las formas en las que podríamos expresar su longitud?” // “Let’s think more about the first worm you measured. What are all the ways that we could record its length?” (4 inches. $$\frac{8}{2}$$ inches. $$\frac{16}{4}$$ inches.)
• “¿Cuáles son todas las formas en las que podríamos expresar la longitud de la última lombriz?” // “What are all the ways that we could record the length of the last worm?” ($$3\frac{1}{2}$$ inches. $$3\frac{2}{4}$$ inches. $$\frac{7}{2}$$ inches. $$\frac{14}{4}$$ inches.)
• “Podemos usar diferentes números para describir la misma longitud porque los números son equivalentes” // “We can use different numbers to describe the same length because the numbers are equivalent.”

## Activity 2: Midamos y describamos (25 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to practice measuring with a ruler that is marked with halves and fourths of an inch, as well as to identify lengths that can be described in different ways because they are equivalent. This activity gives students an opportunity to attend to the details of each measurement and to use language precisely (MP6). Students are prompted to find objects with whole-number lengths and those with fractional lengths. The work here allows students to reinforce earlier work on expressing whole numbers as fractions and naming equivalent fractions.

Engagement: Develop Effort and Persistence. Invite students to generate a list of shared expectations for group work. Record responses on a display and keep visible during the activity.
Supports accessibility for: Social-Emotional Functioning

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Required Preparation

• Each student needs a ruler marked with half inches and quarter inches from the previous activity.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Make sure each student has a ruler marked with half inches and quarter inches from the previous activity.
• “Vamos a practicar cómo medir algunos objetos del salón con la misma regla que usaron antes” // “We are going to practice measuring some objects around the room with the same ruler you used earlier.”
• “Tómense un minuto para pensar en algunas cosas que podrían medir. Escriban los objetos cuando piensen en ellos” // “Take a minute and think about some things you could measure. Write down the objects as you think of them.”
• 1 minute: independent work time
• Share student responses. Encourage students to add objects to their list that they didn’t have.

### Activity

• “Con su compañero, midan estos objetos y anoten la longitud de cada uno” // “Work with your partner to measure these objects and record the length of each object.”
• 5–7 minutes: partner work time
• “Ahora, intercambien las listas con otro grupo. Busquen un objeto con una longitud que se pueda escribir de otra forma. Anoten el nombre del objeto, su longitud y su longitud equivalente” // “Now, trade lists with another group. Find an object whose length could be recorded a different way. Record the object, its length, and an equivalent length.”
• 2 minutes: group work time
• Repeat as many rounds of trading lists and recording equivalent lengths as time allows.
• Monitor for students who write fractions that are equivalent to whole-number measurements.

### Student Facing

1. Usa la regla que recibiste hoy para medir algunos objetos del salón. Busca por lo menos 1 objeto con una longitud que sea un número entero de pulgadas y busca por lo menos 3 objetos con longitudes que no sean números enteros.

objeto longitud
2. Intercambia la lista con otro grupo. Busca una longitud que se pueda escribir de otra forma.

objeto longitud longitud equivalente

### Activity Synthesis

• “Discutan con su compañero cómo usaron fracciones equivalentes cuando midieron las longitudes hoy” // “Discuss with your partner how you used equivalent fractions as you measured lengths today.” (The ruler is marked with half inches and quarter inches. I knew that the mark for $$\frac{2}{4}$$ was also the mark for $$\frac{1}{2}$$.)
• “Algunas de las marcas de la regla se pueden describir con mitades o con cuartos. ¿Cómo decidieron de qué forma describir las longitudes que midieron?” // “Since some of the marks on the ruler can be described with halves or fourths, how did you decide which way to describe the lengths you measured?” (If the end of the object landed right on one of the half marks, we described it as a half. If it landed in between the half marks, we used fourths to describe the length.)
• Select previously identified students to share the equivalent lengths they wrote.
• If no students express whole numbers as fractions, ask: “¿Se podría expresar 7 pulgadas de otra forma? ¿Cuántas mitades de pulgada es eso?, ¿cuántos cuartos de pulgada?” // “Could 7 inches be expressed in another way? How many half inches is that? How many quarter inches?”

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

Display a ruler marked with halves and fourths of an inch.

“Hoy medimos longitudes usando una regla que estaba marcada con mitades de pulgada y con cuartos de pulgada” // “Today we measured lengths using a ruler marked with halves of an inch and quarters of an inch.”

“Mencionen algunas cosas que hayan aprendido acerca de cómo usar una regla que está marcada con mitades de pulgada y con cuartos de pulgada” // “What are some things you learned about using a ruler marked with half inches and quarter inches?” (We can use it to measure lengths that are whole numbers of inches or fractions of an inch. Some measurements can be described in more than one way using equivalent fractions. For example, $$5\frac{1}{2}$$ is equivalent to $$5\frac{2}{4}$$.)

“¿Se puede describir una longitud como $$1\frac{1}{4}$$ pulgadas con mitades de pulgada? ¿Por qué sí o por qué no?” // “Can a length like $$1\frac{1}{4}$$ inches be described using half of an inch? Why or why not?” (No, because it is between 2 halves and 3 halves of an inch.) “Can it be described in another way?” (Yes, $$\frac{5}{4}$$ inches.)