Warm-up: Which One Doesn’t Belong: Tens and Ones (10 minutes)
- Groups of 2
- Display the image.
- “Pick one that doesn’t belong. Be ready to share why it doesn’t belong.”
- 1 minute: quiet think time
- “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
- 2–3 minutes: partner discussion
- Share and record responses.
Which one doesn’t belong?
- “Let’s find at least one reason why each one doesn’t belong.”
Activity 1: Sort and Find the Value (15 minutes)
The purpose of this activity is for students to match expressions to base-ten diagrams. Students then choose 2 of the expressions to find the value of, using any method that makes sense to them. Some of the expressions do not require composing or decomposing a ten. When students match expressions with diagrams they are making use of base ten structure and the meaning of operations (MP7).
Advances: Conversing, Representing
Materials to Gather
Materials to Copy
- Sort and Find the Value
- Create a set of cards from the blackline master for each group of 2–3.
- Groups of 2–3
- Give each group a set of cards and access to base-ten blocks.
- “Each group will get a set of cards. Match each expression to a diagram. After you have found a match, explain to your partner why you believe they go together.”
- “After you have found all of the matches, choose 1 addition and 1 subtraction expression. Find the value of each expression in a way that makes sense to you.”
- 15 minutes: partner work time
- Monitor for students who choose expressions that do not involve composing or decomposing a ten.
- Match each expression to a base-ten diagram.
- Choose 1 addition expression and find the value of the sum.
- Choose 1 subtraction expression and find value of the difference.
- “Which expressions did you choose to solve? Why?” (I chose \(35 + 42\) because it was easy for me. I knew that I could just add the ones and then add the tens.)
- “How could you tell if you would need to compose or decompose a ten?” (I could see that \(5 + 2 = 7\), so I knew I wouldn’t need to compose a ten.)
Activity 2: Add or Subtract (20 minutes)
The purpose of this activity is for students to add and subtract within 100 using the methods that make sense to them. Throughout the activity students share their methods for adding and subtracting and compare their method with others (MP3).
This activity uses MLR7 Compare and Connect. Advances: representing, conversing
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Processing, Memory, Language
Materials to Gather
- Groups of 2–3
- Give each group access to base-ten blocks.
- “Find the value of each expression. Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.”
- “You can use the base-ten blocks if they help. Make sure you show your thinking on paper.”
- 5 minutes: independent work time
MLR7 Compare and Connect
- “Now, talk with your group about how you found the value of the expressions. What is the same? What is different?”
- “Create a visual display that shows your thinking about 1 of the expressions. Show the work of all of the group members for the same expression so others can look for things that are the same or different. You may want to include details such as notes, diagrams, drawings, etc. to help others understand your thinking.”
- 5 minutes: partner discussion
Find the value of each expression. Show your thinking. Use blocks if it helps.
- \(27 + 47\)
- \(55 - 27\)
- \(36 + 38\)
- \(82 - 39\)
Advancing Student Thinking
Students may not see the connections between their methods and other students’ methods. Consider asking:
- “How are the methods represented differently in each display?”
- “How did each group find the same value when they used such different methods?”
- 5–7 minutes: gallery walk
- “What was the same about how _____ found the value and _____ found the value?” (In the first problem, _____ and _____ both added the ones and then added the tens and combined the two sums. \(7 + 7 = 14\), \(20 + 40 = 60\), \(14 + 60 = 74\))
- “What is different about how _____ represented their thinking and ______ represented theirs?” ( _____ used a diagram and crossed out the ones and then decomposed a ten. Then _____ crossed out the rest of the ones and the tens. _____ wrote equations to show each step.)
“In this unit, you added and subtracted within 100 using different methods, tools, and representations.”
“What is something new you've learned about addition or subtraction?”
“What is something new you've learned about ways to add or subtract from another classmate?”
Cool-down: Find the Value Your Way (5 minutes)
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Student Section Summary
In this section, we practiced subtracting two-digit numbers. We learned that when there are not enough ones to subtract by place, you can decompose 1 ten for 10 ones. We used base-ten blocks and base-ten diagrams to show our thinking.
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