Represent Arrays with Expressions
The purpose of this lesson is for students to represent multiplication situations with arrays and multiplication expressions.
In a previous lesson, students arranged objects into arrays and described the arrays in terms of equal groups. In this lesson, students write expressions to represent arrays to further connect arrays and multiplication (MP2).
As students connect arrays to expressions, they may write \(3\times5\) or \(5\times3\) to represent 3 rows of 5 chairs. This is fine as long as students can correctly describe where the “3 rows of 5 chairs” are in their array or expression. Keep collecting ideas that arise about commutativity.
- Represent multiplication situations with arrays and multiplication expressions.
- Let’s represent situations with arrays and expressions.
Materials to Gather
- Each group of 2 will need 20 connecting cubes or counters.
|Activity 1||20 min|
|Activity 2||15 min|
|Lesson Synthesis||10 min|
Teacher Reflection Questions
In an upcoming lesson, students will learn about the commutative property of multiplication. What do you notice in their work from today’s lesson that you might leverage in that future lesson?
- Capture Squares (1–3), Stage 5: Multiply with 2, 5, and 10 (Addressing)
- Five in a Row: Multiplication (3–5), Stage 1: Factors 1–5 and 10 (Addressing)