Lesson 1
Un pedazo de una parte
Warmup: Observa y pregúntate: Macarrones con queso al horno (10 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this warmup is for students to describe the fraction of macaroni and cheese that is left in the pan. While students may notice and wonder many things about this image, the amount of macaroni and cheese in the pan is the important discussion point.
Launch
 Groups of 2
 Display the image.
 “¿Qué observan? ¿Qué se preguntan?” // “What do you notice? What do you wonder?”
 1 minute: quiet think time
Activity
 “Discutan con su compañero lo que pensaron” // “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
 1 minute: partner discussion
 Share and record responses.
Student Facing
¿Qué observas? ¿Qué te preguntas?
Student Response
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Activity Synthesis
 “La imagen muestra una bandeja refractaria de macarrones con queso. ¿Qué otra comida se hornea en bandejas refractarias como esta?” // “The picture shows a pan of macaroni and cheese. What other food is baked in pans like this one?” (lasagna, casseroles, cakes)
 “¿Aproximadamente cuánto de la bandeja refractaria tiene aún macarrones con queso?” // “About how much macaroni and cheese is left in the pan?” (It’s less than \(\frac{1}{2}\) and more than \(\frac{1}{3}\). It looks like it is about \(\frac{2}{5}\).)
Activity 1: ¿De qué? (20 minutes)
Narrative
The goal of this activity is for students to draw diagrams that represent a unit fraction multiplied by another unit fraction in context. The macaroni and cheese context was introduced in the warmup to motivate students to draw a diagram to represent the pan. The focus in this activity is on the different diagrams students draw and how they represent the same situation (MP2). Some students may identify that Lin ate \(\frac{1}{6}\) of the pan. Invite these students to share their observation at the end of the synthesis when they think about the diagrams in relation to the fraction of the whole pan of macaroni and cheese Lin ate.
Advances: Conversing, Reading
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Processing, VisualSpatial Processing, Organization
Launch
 “Vamos a resolver problemas acerca de una bandeja refractaria de macarrones con queso que se sirvió en una gran cena familiar. Lin está emocionada porque su tía hizo sus famosos macarrones con queso al horno. Cuéntenle a su compañero una historia sobre una comida que les encante cenar” // “We are going to solve problems about a pan of macaroni and cheese that was served at a big family dinner. Lin is excited that her aunt made her famous baked macaroni and cheese. Tell your partner a story about a dish that you love to eat for dinner.”
 1–2 minutes: partner discussion
Activity
 3–5 minutes: individual work time
 As students work, consider asking:
 “¿Cómo su diagrama muestra \(\frac{1}{2}\)?” // “How does your diagram show \(\frac{1}{2}\)?”
 “¿Cómo su diagrama muestra \(\frac{1}{3}\) de \(\frac{1}{2}\)?” // “How does your diagram show \(\frac{1}{3}\) of \(\frac{1}{2}\)?”
 “¿Cómo decidieron de qué manera partir el rectángulo?” // “How did you decide how to partition the rectangle?”
 Monitor for students who draw different diagrams to show \(\frac{1}{3}\) of \(\frac{1}{2}\) such as those shown in the student solutions.
Student Facing
En una cena familiar, una bandeja refractaria de macarrones con queso está \(\frac{1}{2}\) llena. Lin se come \(\frac{1}{3}\) de los macarrones con queso que quedan en la bandeja refractaria.
 Dibuja un diagrama que represente la situación.
 Explica o muestra cómo sabes que tu diagrama representa la situación.
Student Response
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Advancing Student Thinking
If students do not draw a diagram that represents the situation, suggest they draw a diagram to show how much of the pan of macaroni and cheese is left. Then ask: “¿Cómo puedes ajustar tu diagrama para que muestre que Lin se comió un tercio de un medio de la bandeja refractaria de macarrones con queso?” // “How can you adapt your diagram to show that one third of one half of the pan was eaten?”
Activity Synthesis
 Ask selected students to display their responses side by side for all to see or use the images provided in the student solutions.
 For each diagram ask: “¿De qué manera el diagrama representa \(\frac{1}{3}\) de \(\frac{1}{2}\) de la bandeja refractaria?” // “How does the diagram represent \(\frac{1}{3}\) of \(\frac{1}{2}\) of the pan?” (First, the rectangle or pan is divided in half and then a third of one half is shaded.)
 “¿En qué se parecen los diagramas?” // “How are the diagrams the same?” (They all show the full pan cut in half. Then they show a half cut into 3 equal pieces and one of those pieces is shaded.)
 “¿En qué son diferentes los diagramas?” // “How are the diagrams different?” (One diagram cuts the pan in half horizontally and the other two cut it in half vertically. The other cuts into 3 equal pieces are also sometimes horizontal and sometimes vertical.)
 “¿Cuánto de la bandeja refractaria de macarrones con queso entera se comió Lin?” // “How much of the whole pan did Lin eat?” (Students may say \(\frac{1}{6}\) or other fractions.)
 Record all responses and revisit this in the lesson synthesis.
Activity 2: Lo mismo, pero diferente (15 minutes)
Narrative
Continuing the macaroni and cheese context from the previous activity, the purpose of this activity is for students to interpret diagrams showing a fraction of a fraction of the pan. Then students address what fraction of the whole pan the shaded piece of the diagram represents. Because the whole pan is not subdivided, students may need to add the extra divisions or think carefully to identify the fraction of the whole pan represented by the diagrams. To identify that the shaded pieces in the two diagrams have equal area students may
 cut out and compare the shaded pieces explicitly
 reason that they are each \(\frac{1}{4}\) or \(\frac{1}{2}\) of the same amount
 reason that they are each \(\frac{1}{8}\) of the whole
Launch
 Groups of 2
Activity
 1–2 minutes: quiet think time
 5–8 minutes: partner discussion
 Monitor for students who:
 extend the dashed lines in diagram A to determine that \(\frac{1}{8}\) of the whole square is darkly shaded
 partition the rest of the square in diagram B to determine that \(\frac{1}{8}\) of the whole square is darkly shaded
Student Facing

Explica o muestra de qué manera cada diagrama representa \(\frac{1}{4}\) de \(\frac{1}{2}\) de una bandeja refractaria de macarrones con queso.
 Usa los diagramas para mostrar que \(\frac{1}{4}\) de \(\frac{1}{2}\) es \(\frac{1}{8}\) de la bandeja refractaria entera.
Student Response
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Advancing Student Thinking
If students do not explain why each diagram represents \(\frac{1}{4}\) of \(\frac{1}{2}\), suggest they draw their own diagram to represent \(\frac{1}{4}\) of \(\frac{1}{2}\). Ask: “¿En qué se parecen tus diagramas y los diagramas que hay en el enunciado? ¿En qué son diferentes?” // “What is the same about your diagrams and the ones in the tasks? What is different?”
Activity Synthesis
 Ask previously selected students to share in the given order.
 “¿De qué manera su diagrama representa \(\frac {1}{4}\) de \(\frac {1}{2}\)?” // “How does each diagram represent \(\frac {1}{4}\) of \(\frac {1}{2}\)?” (They each show \(\frac{1}{2}\) shaded in the lighter blue and then \(\frac{1}{4}\) of that half is shaded darker.)
 “¿Cómo saben que las partes coloreadas con un color más oscuro son del mismo tamaño?” // “How do we know the darkly shaded pieces are the same size?” (I cut them out to check. They are both \(\frac{1}{4}\) of \(\frac{1}{2}\). They both represent \(\frac{1}{8}\) of the whole pan.)
 If not already mentioned by students, ask: “¿Cómo podemos averiguar cuánto de la bandeja refractaria entera de macarrones con queso representa la parte coloreada más oscuro?” // “How can we figure out how much of the whole pan of macaroni cheese the dark shaded piece represents?” (We can extend the lines in diagram A and we can partition the rest of the square in diagram B.)
 “¿A cuánto de la bandeja refractaria entera de macarrones con queso es igual \(\frac {1}{4}\) de \(\frac {1}{2}\)?” // “\(\frac {1}{4}\) of \(\frac {1}{2}\) is equal to how much of the whole pan of macaroni and cheese?” (\(\frac{1}{8}\) of the whole pan.)
Lesson Synthesis
Lesson Synthesis
“Hoy dibujamos diagramas para representar fracciones de fracciones. ¿Qué aprendieron acerca de las fracciones de fracciones?” // “Today we drew diagrams to represent fractions of fractions. What did you learn about fractions of fractions?” (They are pieces of pieces.)
Consider asking students to respond in their journals.
Refer to the diagrams students drew to show \(\frac{1}{3}\) of \(\frac{1}{2}\) of a pan of macaroni and cheese.
“¿Cuánto de la bandeja refractaria de macarrones con queso entera se comió Lin? ¿Cómo lo saben?” // “How much of the whole pan of macaroni and cheese did Lin eat? How do you know?” (\(\frac{1}{6}\). I would need to divide the whole rectangle, not just the one half that was left. Then there would be 6 equal parts and Lin ate one of them.)
Cooldown: Macarrones con queso (5 minutes)
CoolDown
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