Lesson 3
Division Situation Drawings
Warmup: Number Talk: The More Things Change... (10 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this Number Talk is to elicit strategies and understandings students have for adding within 1,000, particularly around adjusting numbers in a sum to make them easier to add. These understandings help students develop fluency for adding within 1,000.
When students notice that the same value is being removed from one addend and added to the other and the value of the sum does not change, they look for and make use of structure (MP7).
Launch
 Display one expression.
 “Give me a signal when you have an answer and can explain how you got it.”
 1 minute: quiet think time
Activity
 Record answers and strategy.
 Keep expressions and work displayed.
 Repeat with each expression.
Student Facing
Find the value of each expression mentally.
 \(120 + 120\)
 \(121 + 119\)
 \(125 + 115\)
 \(129 + 111\)
Student Response
Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Student Response.
Activity Synthesis
 ”Why do you think all of these expressions have the same value?” (Even though each number is changing, the same amount is being added to one number and subtracted from the other number, so the total is the same.)
 Consider asking:
 “Who can restate _____’s reasoning in a different way?”
 “Did anyone have the same strategy but would explain it differently?”
 “Did anyone approach the problem in a different way?”
 “Does anyone want to add on to _____’s strategy?”
Activity 1: Groups of Students (10 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this activity is for students to physically represent the difference between making 2 groups and making groups of 2. Ten students will put themselves into 2 groups and then groups of 2. The rest of the students observe how the groups were made to highlight the difference between “how many groups?” problems and “how many in each group?” problems.
Launch
 Groups of 2
 Invite 10 students to come to the front of the class.
 “These students are going to put themselves into groups in different ways. If you are observing, take notes on what you notice about how they make the groups.”
Activity
 Ask the 10 students to put themselves into groups of 2.
 Give observers a chance to take notes.
 Ask the 10 students to put themselves into 2 groups.
 Give observers a chance to take notes.
 Ask the students to return to their seats.
 “Talk with a partner about what you noticed about how the students put themselves into groups of 2 and 2 groups.”
 2–3 minutes: partner discussion
Student Facing
 What did you notice about how the students put themselves into groups of 2?
 What did you notice about how the students put themselves into 2 groups?
Student Response
Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Student Response.
Activity Synthesis
 Ask students who observed to share what they noticed.
 Highlight ideas that help clarify differences between “how many groups?” and “how many in each group?”
Activity 2: Elena’s Colored Pencils (10 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this activity is for students to match a division situation to a drawing of equal groups. Students should be able to explain why the situation matches drawing A, which shows 2 groups of 6, and why it does not match drawing B, which shows 6 groups of 2.
This activity uses MLR1 Stronger and Clearer Each Time.
Advances: reading, writing
Launch
 Groups of 2
 “Today we are going to look at drawings to represent division situations. Take a minute to read this situation.”
 1 minute: independent work time
Activity
 “Work independently to decide which drawing matches this situation and explain your reasoning.”
 2–3 minutes: independent work time
Student Facing
Elena has 12 colored pencils. She has 2 boxes and wants to put the same number of colored pencils in each box. How many colored pencils will go in each box?
Which drawing matches the situation? Explain your reasoning.
Student Response
Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Student Response.
Activity Synthesis
 “Share your response with your partner. Take turns being the speaker and the listener. If you are the speaker, share your ideas and writing so far. If you are the listener, ask questions and give feedback to help your partner improve their work.”
 2–3 minutes: structured partner discussion
 Repeat with 2 different partners.
 “Which drawing did you decide matches? How do you know?”
 “How do you know the other drawing does not match this situation?” (Drawing B is 6 groups of 2 colored pencils. That would be like if she had 6 boxes, not 2 boxes.)
Activity 3: Which Drawing Matches? (15 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this activity is for students to relate division situations and drawings of equal groups (MP2). Each given drawing matches two different situations. Students learn that the same drawing can represent both a “how many groups?” problem and a “how many in each group?” problem because the drawing shows the end result, not how the groups were made. When students interpret one diagram as representing two different story types they state clearly how each part of the diagram corresponds to the story, including what corresponds to the unknown in the story (MP6).
Advances: Listening, Speaking, Representing
Supports accessibility for: Organization, Attention, Socialemotional skills
Launch
 Groups of 2
 “We’re going to look at some situations that involve writing or drawing tools. What are some things we use to write or draw?”
 30 seconds: quiet think time
 Share and record responses.
Activity
 “You are going to match six situations and drawings that could represent them. Take a few minutes to decide which drawing matches each situation.”
 35 minutes: independent work time
 “Share your ideas with your partner.”
 23 minutes: partner discussion
Student Facing
Match each situation to a drawing. Be prepared to explain your reasoning.
 Mai has 8 markers. She puts 4 markers in each box. How many boxes of markers are there?
 Kiran has 20 pens. He puts 2 pens at each table. How many tables can he put pens on?
 Lin has 8 colored pencils. She puts them into 2 bags. Each bag has the same number of colored pencils. How many colored pencils will be in each bag?
 Priya has 15 crayons. She puts 5 crayons on each desk. How many desks will have crayons?
 Noah has 20 pencils. He puts the same number of pencils into 10 boxes. How many pencils will be in each box?
 Jada has 15 markers. She puts the same number of markers on 3 tables. How many markers will be on each table?
Student Response
Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to Student Response.
Advancing Student Thinking
 “How could we make a drawing for each situation?”
 “What might we draw first to represent the first situation with 8 objects? What about with the second situation with 8 objects?”
Activity Synthesis
 Invite students to share which drawing matches each situation.

Focus on one drawing and the two situations it can represent, such as:
Mai has 8 markers. She puts 4 markers in each box. How many boxes of markers are there?
Lin has 8 colored pencils. She puts them into 2 bags. Each bag has the same number of colored pencils. How many colored pencils will be in each bag?
 “How can the same drawing represent both situations?” (We didn’t see how the groups were made, but in the end, the same number and size of groups were made in both situations. The drawing can represent putting 8 markers into boxes with 4 markers in each box and finding that they fit into 2 boxes. It can also represent putting 8 pencils into 2 bags with the same number of pencils in each bag and finding that you can put 4 pencils in each bag.)
Lesson Synthesis
Lesson Synthesis
Continue to display the drawing and situations from the last activity, such as:
Mai has 8 markers. She puts 4 markers in each box. How many boxes of markers are there?
Lin has 8 colored pencils. She puts them into 2 bags. Each bag has the same number of colored pencils. How many colored pencils will be in each bag?
“Today we matched drawings to division situations. There are two types of division situations and we saw today that the same drawing can represent both types of situations.”
“What is the same and what is different about these division situations?” (Both situations have the numbers 8, 2, and 4 in them. Both involve putting objects into equal groups. The objects are different, one is about markers and the other is about colored pencils. One situation tells us how many items go into each container and the other tells us how many containers there are.)
“In the first situation, we need to figure out how many groups there are. We know there are 4 markers in each box, but we don’t know how many boxes there will be. In the second situation, we need to figure out how many in each group. We know there are 2 bags, but we don’t know how many colored pencils will be in each bag.”
“Now that we are dividing, we need a new symbol to write division expressions. If we wanted to represent ‘8 divided into groups of 4’ we would write: \(8 \div 4\).”
“What expression could we write to represent ‘8 divided into 2 groups’?” (\(8 \div 2\))
Cooldown: Party Favors (5 minutes)
CoolDown
Teachers with a valid work email address can click here to register or sign in for free access to CoolDowns.